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Genotype at the missense G894T polymorphism (Glu298Asp) in the NOS3 gene is associated with susceptibility to acute mountain sickness

Affiliation

  • 1 School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
  • PMID: 19775216
  • DOI: 10.1089/ham.2008.1089

Genotype at the missense G894T polymorphism (Glu298Asp) in the NOS3 gene is associated with susceptibility to acute mountain sickness

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Authors

Affiliation

  • 1 School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
  • PMID: 19775216
  • DOI: 10.1089/ham.2008.1089

Abstract

Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a potentially serious affliction that frequently occurs in travelers to altitudes above 2500 m. The probability of developing AMS depends on environmental factors such as rate of ascent and altitude attained; however, familial clustering and recurrence rates suggest that there may be a genetic contribution to the etiology of the condition. The underlying pathophysiology of AMS is unknown, but it may involve vasogenic edema secondary to hypoxia-induced sympathetic response and endothelial dysfunction. Nitric oxide is a potent vasomodulator, and variants in the gene that encodes endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) have been shown to affect blood pressure. We tested the hypothesis that haplotypes, as determined by tagSNPs, in NOS3 would be differentially represented in individuals with and without AMS sampled at the Janai Purnima Festival at Lake Gosain Kunda, Nepal, at 4380 m. Seven SNPs were tested, and a highly significant association (p = 0.004) was found for genotypes of the commonly studied missense polymorphism Glu298Asp (rs 1799983; G/T transversion at base 894). The T allele, which previously has been associated with hypertension, was overrepresented in individuals with AMS (0.30 vs. 0.10), but not significantly when the data were corrected for multiple testing (p = 0.024). These data suggest that a variant in a gene involved in nitric oxide synthesis is a risk factor for developing AMS.

Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a potentially serious affliction that frequently occurs in travelers to altitudes above 2500 m. The probability of developing AMS depends on environmental factors such as rate of ascent and altitude attained; however, familial clustering and recurrence rates suggest …