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neville’s haze flowering time

Neville’s Haze

Review

Sativa-dominant Nevilles Haze is dedicated to a legendary cannabis cultivator who worked in the Netherlands in the 1980s, Nevil Schoenmakers (yes, the spelling of his first name has gone a bit wonky over the years). Schoenmakers held joint Australian and Dutch citizenship and was arrested in Australia at the behest of American authorities who wanted to extradite him on cannabis charges. An Australian court granted him bail in 1991 and his whereabouts since then remain a mystery. This strain is the product of a cross between the original Haze strain and Northern Lights, two venerable marijuana hybrids.

The smell and flavor of Nevilles Haze will remind you of pine forests, flowers and newly dug earth. The hit can be overpowering, with a fast and furious rush. Inexperienced smokers should take it easy with this strain, which can verge on the hallucinogenic. In medical use, it can help with muscular pain and poor appetite.

This is a lanky plant that can grow as tall as four metres if left to its own devices outdoors in a tropical climate. It has multiple branches which produce buds so heavy that they can snap the stems. The leaves are palmate with long, thin fingers and the fluffy buds are covered in sticky resin. THC levels can be as high as 21 percent when grown in the right conditions.

Unless you live somewhere with a tropical climate, you should grow Neville Haze seeds indoors. It can be quite a fussy plant and when grown indoors, it requires close monitoring to ensure the right light, nutrient and moisture levels. It also needs careful trimming. Flowering time can be as long as 14 weeks and yields are up to 650 grams per square metre.

Outdoors in a tropical climate, it should be ready for harvest in late November in the Northern Hemisphere, and it can yield up to 800 grams per plant if allowed to grow to its full extent. The plants will need support as they mature.

To conclude this Nevilles Haze review, this is not an easy strain to grow. But if you have some solid horticultural experience, Nevilles Haze can produce a good indoor harvest that offers a potent high.

Comprehensive review of Nevilles Haze, a marijuana strain named after the legendary Nevil Schoenmakers that is extremely potent.

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how much pot can i buy in colorado

Marijuana Laws in Colorado

With the passing of Amendment 64, adults 21 or older in Colorado can legally possess one ounce (28 grams) of marijuana or THC.

Possession

If you are an adult 21 years of age or older, you can now legally possess 1 ounce of marijuana in Colorado. The way the amendment is worded actually allows for possession of 1 ounce of THC. This is great news because in addition to flower (bud), you can also enjoy many types of concentrates, edibles, topicals, etc. during your visit. Cannabis seeds are also available for sale in Colorado.

As long as you are 21 years or older, you have a constitutional right to possess and consume marijuana in Colorado. You will need a government-issued identification to prove you are 21 years or older, so a drivers license or passport would be sufficient enough. Note that you don’t need to be a Colorado resident to possess recreational cannabis and there isn’t any type of registration system. Only residents who apply for medical marijuana cards need to register with the state. Medical patients may possess up to 2 ounces, 40 grams of concentrate, or a total of 20,000 mg of infused cannabis product (in the case of edibles or similar preparations).

Purchasing Limits

Previously, tourists in Colorado were restricted to purchasing 7 grams or less, while Colorado residents could purchase up to 28 grams. This law changed in June 2016, and now both tourists and residents can purchase 28 grams in a single transaction. Medical patients may purchase up to 2 ounces of medical marijuana or its equivalent as a standard, though higher amounts may be granted by the recommending physician.

The law has some grey areas regarding what constitutes a ‘single transaction,’ so most recreational stores err on the side of caution and will only serve you once a day. In the past, circumventing purchasing limits has been punishable by fines or even jail.

As of October 1st, 2016 the laws have changed.

The Marijuana Enforcement Division (MED) in Colorado performed studies to determine what the THC equivalent of concentrates and edibles are in relation to marijuana in flower form. They argue that since products such as concentrates have a much higher level of THC, then you shouldn’t be able to purchase the same amount of concentrates as you can flower. As a result, the MED has issued ‘Marijuana Equivalency’ guidelines.

As of October 1 st , 2016 the following rules took effect in regards to recreational sales (medical sales remain unchanged):

  • 1oz Flower = 8g of Concentrate (Shatter, Wax, etc)
  • 1oz Flower = 800mg of Edibles

You can still mix and match, but it gets confusing. For example, you can purchase 2 grams of concentrate, but then you will be limited to buying an additional 3/4 oz of flower (as 2 grams of concentrate is now equivalent to 1/4oz of flower). These laws will be a big challenge for budtenders as they attempt to sell combinations of products while ensuring that the buyer is within the legal limits.

One important thing to note is these restrictions only apply to retail sales, not possession. You can legally possess up to 28 grams of concentrates or THC as defined in the Colorado Constitution. Where to Buy

Read more about Colorado’s recreational cannabis equivalency laws here.

Store Hours

Currently, the state allows marijuana stores to operate from 8am until Midnight. Having said this, cities are allowed to establish their own rules within the allocated timeframe. For example, Denver stores must close by 10pm. If you’re looking to purchase marijuana in Denver after 10pm, head to Edgewater and Glendale (two cities bordering Denver), which both allow stores to stay open until 12am. Another great option is Aurora, which allows stores to stay open until 10pm as well.

Consumption

So you made it to Colorado and bought yourself a big bag of green. Great job! Now the question is: “Where can I smoke my weed?” This is a highly debated topic at the moment, so here’s some helpful insight into what’s legal and what’s practical.

First and foremost, you will find the following statement to be true during your visit:

Discretion is appreciated, and usually required.

Amendment 64 does NOT permit the consumption of marijuana “openly and publicly.” So before you start blazing those blunts while walking down the street, remember that you can still get a ticket for doing so, similar to open container laws for drinking in public.

In general, there aren’t any coffee shops or marijuana bars where you can purchase cannabis products like you might find in Amsterdam. However, thanks to Initiative 300, bring-your-own-cannabis lounges are beginning to open their doors to consumers.

In addition to the new social consumption lounges, several ‘private’ cannabis clubs are open to adults as well. These clubs are a great place for tourists and locals alike to come together and consume marijuana products safely and legally. Some even allow indoor smoking since they are ‘private,’ while others just allow inside vaping and outside smoking.

Remember, public consumption is illegal and can result in tickets and fines. Denver Police have also increased citations for public consumption over the years. In the first three quarters of 2014, Denver Police issued 668 public consumption citations. This amounts to a 470% increase from the same period in 2013, when 117 citations were issued. On 4/20 in 2018, police issued 72 citations, almost twice as many as the previous year.

Even though concert venues and bars are considered ‘private,’ prohibitionists argue that they are ‘publicly accessible private venues’, and therefore consumption of marijuana is prohibited. From our experience, it depends upon the place and the crowd. Most down to earth venues will usually turn a blind eye to things unless they are getting complaints or police visits.

To be discreet, edibles or a portable vaporizer can be your best friend. These have become very popular in Colorado, as they don’t really leave any odor and can be consumed almost anywhere. Social Lounges

Driving Under the Influence

A new DUI law is in effect in Colorado which sets a legal limit for the amount of active THC in your system while driving. The legal limit is 5 nanograms per milliliter of blood. This law was fiercely debated with the main issue being that people metabolize THC at different rates and as a result, the amount of impairment varies drastically from person to person. Unlike alcohol, where if you are over 0.08 you are impaired, it’s hard to determine if a person is impaired or not based upon THC levels alone.

The bottom line is be smart and don’t drive under the influence. If your car doesn’t smell like you ran over a pack of skunks and your eyes aren’t bloodshot, it is unlikely that you will be singled out. If the police do suspect you are driving stoned, they can require you take a blood test. Refusal to do so can result in similar penalties as refusing a breathalyzer test, such as loss of license.

The possibility of being involved in a serious car accident, even through no fault of your own, always exists, so it’s best to sleep off the high. The law does allow for a defendant charged with driving under the influence of marijuana to introduce evidence that pot did not impair their ability to drive. This is a last ditch strategy, the best advice is to simply drive sober.

In 2014, 354 people received marijuana only DUIs in Colorado. If you find yourself in need of legal representation for a marijuana DUI, we recommend Jeff Gard from Gard & Bond.

Colorado legalized recreational marijuana for in 2012 but legal cannabis sales did not start until 2014. We offer practical information about marijuana laws, regulations, and statutes for residents and those planning a trip or vacation to Colorado.

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str8 exotics weed

Strains & Products

10 Best Strains to Try in 2020

Whether you are new to the game or have been rolling ’em up for decades, there are likely some new or reinvented strains that you have not yet tried. Due to the ever-changing nature of the cannabis cultivation industry, even classic strains we have come to cherish over the years have seen changes, whether big or small. As such, there is a myriad of potent weed hitting the market this year, with more strains than you can shake a stick at. Before you head out to your local dispensary, here is a list of the 10 best new or reinvented strains you should try this year. If you want to find the closest dispensary near you carrying one of these powerful new strains, check out the Where’s Weed ‘Strains’ Page.

The Best Strains of 2020

#10 – Peanut Butter Breath

Peanut Butter Breath (AKA Peanut Butter Cup) has hit the ground running with cannabis cultivators across America this year. This unique and potent strain packs a punch with a whopping 28% THC and a complex terpene profile that has strong earth tones and chocolate flavors that taste better than a Reese’s Peanut Butter Cup.

The high of this strain leans more towards relaxing than energetic, despite the 50/50 indica-sativa split and is a solid choice when you are planning for a mellow day inside. To make PB Breath, the ever popular Do-si-dos strain was crossed with Mendo Breath F2 by Thug Pug Genetics, one of Michigan’s top geneticists. Seeds are available for sale if you feel like growing a lil PB of your own at home.

#9 – Gelonade

This fruity strain created by Connected Cannabis CO brings together Gelato #41 with the potent Lemon Tree strain to create a dynamic bud packed with terpenes and mouth-watering citrus flavor. The aroma is intoxicating. with hints of pine, lemon and cookies, which may tempt you to taste your buds just to check if they taste as good as they smell. This sativa-dominant strain boasts a wide spectrum of green and purple hues with colors not usually found in other sativas.

The strain creates dense nugs that provide a smooth burn when smoking, providing users with a one-of-a-kind cannabis experience. This strain took home gold at the 2018 Cannabis Cup in the ‘Best Sativa Flower’ category, beating out some of the best strains on the market today. While this strain may not be ‘new’ as of 2020, it is undoubtedly one of the best weeds out today and deserves to be tried if you’ve been sleeping on it until now.

#8 – Tropicana Cookies

If you follow practically any cannabis cultivator on Instagram, you have likely seen photos of the colorful strain at one point or another. This strain has become popular not only for its winsome looks and bouquet of colors, but also because it creates a unique high unlike any other strain out today.

Oni Seed Company created this variation by crossing the world-renowned Girl Scout Cookies with Tangie, mixing the delectable flavor of GSC with the energizing high of Tangie. This strain is sativa-dominant and will give you energy for hours, which can be perfect for the cannabis connoisseur on the go.

#7 – White Tahoe Cookies

Similar to Tropicana Cookies, WTC is the offspring of the ever-popular Girl Scout Cookies, except this time crossed with ‘The White’ and ‘Tahoe OG,’ to create an unbelievable Indica-dominant strain. Unlike Tropicana Cookies, White Tahoe Cookies will create a mellow, relaxing high which is perfect for those planning for a chill, anxiety free day.

The buds of this beautiful plant display lovely forest green colors paired with deep orange hairs and hints of purple shades. The unique terpene mix creates an earthy and rich taste with undertones of pine in the aroma, which may just trick you into thinking you are in the heart of a Lake Tahoe forest.

#6 – Rainbow Chip

Exotic Genetix created this fruity strain by crossing Sunset Sherbert with Mint Chocolate Chip, to create one of the best hybrid weeds in dispensaries today. Rainbow Chip won first place for ‘Best Hybrid Strain’ at Michigan’s 2019 Cannabis Cup, beating out hundreds of potent strains from all over the country. The 50/50 indica-sativa split produces a high with tons of energy, but reduces the anxiety-creating effects that can sometimes be found in other sativas.

This strain may be a tough one to get your hands on, as it is relatively new and hasn’t seen widespread growth in some parts of the US. However, the 22% THC content, the unbeatable high and the fruity, sweet taste of Rainbow Chip make it more than worth the wait. Visit our strains page to find Rainbow Chip near you!

#5 – Vanilla Frosting

Humboldt Seed Co created this amazing strain to improve upon the somewhat dismal growth yields of the various Gelato strains and the results are amazing. Vanilla Frosting brings together two cannabis powerhouses, crossing Humboldt Frost OG with Humboldt Gelato Bx3. The OG brings large yields and that classic earth tone and powerful high to the table, while the Gelato Bx3 produces the idyllic colors, fruit filled aroma and potent flavor that have become synonymous in the Gelato strains.

Expect hints of vanilla and cake batter when smoking, with silver and green nugs that are literally out of this world. Vanilla Frosting is a hybrid strain with indica-dominant effects, making for a fun-filled, giggle inducing high.

#4 – Dimepiece

If you haven’t heard of Dimepiece yet, you are sleeping on one of the most powerful new strains in the history of weed. As the winner of the 2019 San Francisco Cannabis Cup for ‘Best Indica Flower,’ this strain is no joke. With a THC over 30%, you may just forget what planet you are on when smoking this potent bud. The strain crosses Sour Girl with the highly popular Acai Gelato, creating an indica strain that will lock you to the couch.

If you don’t live in the Bay Area, Dimepiece may be tough to find (for now). But expect to see this strain moving the wildfire across the country, as the immense THC content, sticky nugs, and fruity Gelato Flavor increase its popularity in dispensaries across the US.

#3 – ACDC

This one is for the CBD lovers out there, as ACDC has a massive CBD content and a somewhat low THC content. This strain is an offshoot of the popular CBD-loaded strain ‘Catatonic’ and has similar effects. If you are looking for an amazing pain-relieving high or are treating some form of ailment, ACDC is for you. However, don’t expect to blast off with this particular bud, as the low THC content creates more body-high and less intoxicating effects.

#2 – Wedding Cake

This indica-dominant hybrid crosses Cherry Pie with the iconic Girl Scout Cookies to create an amazing tasting strain with massive THC levels. Bred by Seed Junky Genetics, this powerful bud brings together the fruity cherry flavor of Cherry Pie with the pleasant high of GSC. The aroma of this weed is slightly reminiscent of baking cookies with a taste that is just as good. The fruit flavor from Cherry Pie is combined with the powerful cookie flavors of GSC, meaning smoking this bud may just make your mouth water.

This particular strain is excellent for anxiety relief and may help patients treat a myriad of stress-induced symptoms. If you are looking for a powerful, happy high that will promote creativity and relieve stress, give Wedding Cake a try this year.

#1 – Fat Banana

This indica-dominant hybrid strain brings together the classic OG Kush with the relatively new Chiquita Banana strain, creating a long-lasting high and delicious banana flavor. When smoking, expect strong banana flavors paired perfectly with citrus, pine and earth tones. The resulting high will be relaxed and hunger-inducing, perfect for those looking to chill out and eat some good food. If you want to try one of the best new indica strains in the US, be sure to add Fat Banana to your to-do list.

What’s your favorite strain on the list? Have you tried any other new strains you’d recommend? Let us know in the comments below!

Whether you are new to the game or have been rolling ’em up for decades, there are likely some new or reinvented strains that you have not yet tried. Due to the ever-changing nature of the cannabis cultivation industry, even classic strains we have come to cherish over the years have seen changes, whether big or small. As such, there is a myriad of

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hemp hearts drug test

Will hemp protein cause you to fail a drug test?

With its excellent source of protein, fiber and fatty acids, it’s no wonder hemp has been used for hundreds of years as a dietary supplement. But due to its close association with marijuana, it’s only natural for some people to be wary of the benefits of incorporating hemp.

So, is there cause for concern when it comes to everyday ingredients like hemp protein, hemp hearts, or hemp oil?

In short, no. Here’s why.

What is hemp protein?

Hem p protein is the protein content found in hemp seeds, which are derived from the hemp plant. All human beings require protein, but there are nine—the essential amino acids—that make up a complete protein. Hemp protein includes all nine essential amino acids, making it one of the few plant proteins considered to be a complete protein.

This makes hemp very special and powerful in the plant-based protein world. Everyone wants to be hemp protein: pea, brown rice, soy, etc.!

Deficiency in essential amino acids can lead to a myriad of potential health concerns, including: decreased immunity, fertility problems, digestive issues, decreased mental alertness and many other concerns.

What does hemp protein do for the body?

Whether you’re looking to build muscle, lose weight or simply wanting to feel better, increasing your protein consumption is an important step to a healthier life.

Hemp is a great choice for anyone looking to increase protein in their diet, as it’s not only high in protein, but also an excellent source of fiber and healthy fats—including Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids.

Will hemp protein cause you to fail a drug test?

No. It would be virtually impossible to fail a drug test if the only THC in your system is from ingesting hemp food products. Due to hemp’s close association with marijuana, some may be apprehensive about incorporating it into their everyday routines in fear of testing positive for THC—the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana.

Although they may be referred to interchangeably, hemp and marijuana are not the same and it would be virtually impossible for you to fail a drug test if the only THC in your system is from the trace amount found in hemp food products, including hemp protein, hemp seeds, hemp oil or hemp hearts.

Is hemp legal in the US?

Yes, hemp is legal in the United States. Thanks to the Farm Bill, signed into law in December 2018, hemp—a species of cannabis without psychoactive effects—is legal in all 50 states.

Does hemp show on a drug screen?

Theoretically, yes. Due to the trace amounts of THC present in hemp, a low amount could show up on a drug screen. But, again, this would not cause you to fail. Federal guidelines require 50 ng/ml of marijuana metabolites present in order for a person to fail—but, it would not be feasible to reach that amount merely by consuming hemp-based foods.

Hemp and marijuana are both species of the cannabis sativa plant, but their compounds are quite different. Marijuana plants are distinguished with a concentration of THC between 1-20 percent, which will cause psychoactivity, or the user to feel ‘high’. Hemp, on the other hand, has THC concentrations of less than 0.3 percent and has no psychoactive properties.

How long does hemp protein stay in your system?

Hemp protein stays in your system about as long as any other form of protein or food. Depending on your metabolism, and other factors like age, gender, and what other types of foods you’ve eaten, it could take between 24–72 hours to digest hemp protein.

What are the side effects of hemp protein?

Of course, there’s always a question about whether a protein powder will make you ‘bulk’ up or gain weight. Or, conversely, if a protein powder can help you lose weight. According to Women’s Health, hemp protein can be used for either—depending on the quantity you consume and other variants like your physical activity and body chemistry.

Hemp protein has about 10 grams of protein per three tablespoons, about the same amount as one ounce of beef jerky, so those looking to build muscle can easily incorporate it into their routines and maximize their results. For those looking for help losing weight, hemp protein is a great option due to its high fiber content which can help you feel fuller longer, and control cravings.

At Humming Hemp, we’re passionate about delicious, responsible products that provide nourishment and help you live a fuller, happier life. Hemp protein is an excellent way to get the nutrients you need, while also packing in a healthy dose of protein, fiber and good fats.

If you’ve been apprehensive about trying hemp products due to concerns over possibly failing a drug test, or the legality of hemp products, you can rest easy.

Check out our hemp protein feature in Oxygen Magazine here!

Will hemp protein cause you to fail a drug test? Hemp is a legal substance in the United States and is safe for drug screening. Hemp stays in your system up to 72 hours.

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moolah strain

Moolah strain

Strain Name: Moolah

Genetics: Og kush x Belladonna x Sensi star (Friends personal blend)

Grade: AA outdoor

Type: Indica dominate hybrid

Looks: Strong dark purple/green color many crystals 8/10

Smell: Smells piney, with a slight og kush (diesely smell)

Taste: Very heavy on the OG Kush taste. In fact its all OG Kush when it comes to the taste of this strain. If you have tasted real Og then you know.

Effects: Strong high lastin 1.5 to 2 hours

Potency: Very pleasing high, more one of those “At night” Herbs

Reviewed by: Tokentheaces

Also See These Popular Strains:

One Response to “Moolah”

[…] are a few choices: Moolah traits: anti-depressant, belladonna, California Medical Marijuana, calming, dark green, dark […]

Moolah strain Strain Name: Moolah Genetics: Og kush x Belladonna x Sensi star (Friends personal blend) Grade: AA outdoor Type: Indica dominate hybrid Looks: Strong dark

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kansas growing pot plants

LEARN | LAWS & REGULATIONS

Kansas

Is weed legal In Kansas?

No. In Kansas, marijuana for any purpose is illegal.

Only CBD with 0% THC is legal in the state. Kansas law places no restrictions on where CBD can be consumed but it may not be smoked or vaporized in flower form, as many cannabis consumption accessories are criminalized as drug paraphernalia.

Patients or parents of minor patients with debilitating medical conditions who possess CBD oil with less than 5% THC can avoid criminal conviction with a letter from their physician. But they can still be arrested, charged, and taken to court.

Possession of even small, personal amounts of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine for the first offense.

Legislation history

Before the 2018 legislative session, Kansas was one of the strictest states in the US when it came to prohibiting cannabis. Kansas first banned marijuana in 1927, as most states west of the Mississippi River did. Since then, Kansas has barely changed its stance on the plant.

On April 20, 2018, Gov. Jeff Colyer signed into law SB 263, also known as the Alternative Crop Research Act . The act instructed the Kansas Department of Agriculture (KDA) to launch a program, in collaboration with Kansas’ public universities, investigating the viability of industrial hemp, defined as cannabis with no more than 0.3% THC content.

Shortly after, on May 24, 2018, Colyer signed SB 282 , which explicitly amended the legal definition of marijuana to exempt cannabidiol (CBD), thus legalizing broad access to CBD products so long as they contain zero THC.

Gov. Laura Kelly signed SB 28, Claire and Lola’s Law , in 2019. It provided an “affirmative defense” for patients and parents or guardians of patients who possess and use CBD oil with less than 5% THC. An affirmative defense is usually presented in a trial, meaning the person can still be arrested, charged, and held while awaiting trial.

In order to claim the defense, the patient or parent/guardian must have with them at the time of arrest a letter from a doctor licensed in Kansas that states the patient’s “debilitating medical condition.” The letter must be on the doctor’s letterhead and dated within the last 15 months. The law did not include a list of conditions but stipulated a medically diagnosed disease or condition that impairs strength or function, including seizures.

FAQ

What drugs are legal in Kansas?

That’s a very broad question. CBD with 0% THC is legal for anyone and CBD with less than 5% THC is legal for qualified patients and caregivers. The state’s schedules of controlled substances provide more detailed information on the regulation of drugs in Kansas. Marijuana is definitely illegal though.

Is being high in Kansas illegal?

It depends on what you mean by being high. Possession of any amount of cannabis or drug paraphernalia is illegal in Kansas. Driving while under the influence, or high, is illegal. For a deeper dive into Kansas law, start here .

Is Kansas a no-tolerance state?

There’s no set definition for the term “no tolerance.” Though there are very clear consequences for drug-related crimes in Kansas. For example, Kansas law states that operating or attempting to operate any vehicle while under the influence of any drug or combination of drugs that makes you unable to operate the vehicle safely constitutes a DUI. The first conviction for this offense is a class B misdemeanor, which carries a sentence of 48 consecutive hours to six months imprisonment (or 100 hours of community service) and a fine of $750 to $1,000.

When will marijuana be legal in Kansas?

While we can’t predict the future, we know that Kansas citizens cannot petition to have a vote on legalization added to the ballot. Only the state legislature can legalize marijuana by passing bills in both the House and Senate. Then the governor would have to sign it, veto it, or let it pass without signing. Several medical marijuana bills, the usual starting point for legalization, have been proposed in the last few years but none have made it through. The current governor, Laura Kelly, has expressed her support for legalizing medical marijuana but the legislature has to put a bill in front of her first.

What is the penalty for marijuana in Kansas?

Possession of even small, personal amounts of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine for the first offense.

What Kansas City clinics prescribe medical marijuana medical cards?

Kansas does not have medical marijuana cards because it’s illegal in Kansas. CBD oil with 0% THC is legal and available to anyone. Patients (or parents/guardians of minor patients) with a letter from their doctor confirming their diagnoses with a debilitating medical condition have a legal defense for possessing CBD oil with less than 5% THC but the state makes no provisions for purchasing said oil.

Where does Kansas stand on medical marijuana?

Several medical marijuana bills have been proposed in the last few years but none have made it through the state legislature, the state’s only route for legalization. Current governor Laura Kelly has expressed her support for medical marijuana but the legislature has to put a bill in front of her first. As the law currently stands, medical marijuana is illegal in Kansas.

This page was last updated October 23, 2020.

View the marijuana laws & regulations for Kansas.

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best cannabis for migraines

Medical Marijuana and CBD Oils for Migraines

Articles On Migraine & Headache Medicines

Migraine & Headache Medicines
Migraine & Headache Medicines – Medical Marijuana and CBD Oils for Migraines
  • Drugs for Migraine and Headache Pain
  • Headache Treatments
  • Migraine Medicines
  • Nausea Drugs
  • Triptans
  • When Meds Don’t Work
  • New Migraine Treatments
  • Botox for Migraine
  • Botox Myths and Facts
  • Marijuana for Migraine

Migraine headaches can be tough to treat. If your pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light or noise don’t get better with over-the-counter or even prescription drugs, is there another option?

Marijuana might be one under-the-counter remedy for migraine relief. Some research shows that it may help ease migraine symptoms or possibly keep them from starting. But most studies haven’t found solid proof of that.

And in some states, it isn’t legal to buy, grow, own, or use marijuana, even for medical reasons. Make sure you find out about your state’s laws before trying it.

How Does Pot Ease Pain?

Marijuana is another name for cannabis, a bushy plant that’s used to make paper, rope, and other products. В В В

Inside your brain and other parts of your body, you have a network of cannabinoid receptors. These are tiny loops of protein that affect how you feel pain.

Marijuana has natural compounds called cannabinoids. When you use it, these cannabinoids go into your body and look for the receptors. They change how the receptors work, and they can calm down pain signals.В В В

Cannabinoids may also help with nausea, anxiety, muscle spasms, or other health problems.В

THC is the cannabinoid in marijuana that gets most of the attention. It’s what makes you feel high or relaxed. But another product made from cannabis called cannabidiol (CBD) doesn’t make you feel intoxicated and may help ease pain. Several states have made it legal for CBD to be used for medical reasons.

Does It Work for Migraines?

There’s not a lot of research on this. In a study at the University of Colorado, 121 people who got regular migraine headaches used marijuana daily to prevent attacks. About 40% of them said the number of migraine headaches they got each month was cut in half.

The people used different types of marijuana, but they mostly inhaled it to ease a migraine in progress and found that it did help stop the pain. Edible products didn’t seem to work as well.

The people who inhaled or smoked marijuana also said it was easier to control the amount of the drug they took in, and they had fewer negative reactions.

Continued

What Are the Risks?

If you smoke or eat marijuana, it can make you feel dizzy, weak, confused, sleepy, or moody. And smoking it on a regular basis could harm your heart and lung health over time. Short-term use doesn’t seem to be bad for your general health.

Legal Issues

Marijuana is legal for medical use in more than half the states in the U.S. But each state has different laws about how you can buy it or how much you can have. In several states, it’s still illegal to have it even if you have a medical problem that it could treat.

If you have a job, it’s a good idea to know your employer’s rules around drug testing and use, even if it’s legal for medical use in your state. Tests can tell if you have marijuana in your system. And it can stay there up to 30 days after you’ve used it.

Sources

National Headache Foundation: “Migraine.”

Baron, EP. Headache. June 2015.

University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health: “Medical Marijuana for the Treatment of Migraine Headaches: An Evidence Review.”

National Conference of State Legislatures: “State Medical Marijuana Laws.”

Manzanares, J. Current Neuropharmacology. July 2006.

Benbadis, S. Expert Reviews of Neurotherapeutics. Published online Nov. 2014.

Project CBD.org: “What Is CBD?”

Rhyne, D. Pharmacotherapy. Jan. 2016.

Americans for Safe Access: “Guide to Using Medical Cannabis.”

Degenhardt, L and Hall, WD. Canadian Medical Association Journal. June 2008.

National Association of Attorneys General: “The Effects of Marijuana Legalization on Employment Law.”

National Institute on Drug Abuse: “The Biology and Potential Therapeutic Effects of Cannabidiol.”

State of Oregon: “Frequently Asked Questions About Marijuana in the Workplace.”

Can marijuana help treat or prevent migraines? WebMD explores how pot works for headache pain and the possible side effects.

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how to start a bonsai tree from seed

Growing Bonsai From Seed

4.9 out of 5.0 stars on Amazon

“Upon finding that I work as a professional bonsai artist, many people will remark that they once had a bonsai, but it died and with some regret, they gave up”.

Based on the Bonsai Basics section of the hugely successful Bonsai4me.com website and an e-book of the same name, ‘Bonsai Basics: The Foundations of Bonsai’, written and developed over the past 15 years is out now!

All copies are signed by the author.

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Seed can be very easily obtained from many species of tree that can be found growing in fields, gardens and by the roadside. Many species of tree such as Oaks, Maples and Beech have instantly recognizable seedpods that once opened reveal large quantities of seed that can be used to create large numbers of new plants.

There are also many retail outlets that sell ‘bonsai seed’. It should be noted that there is no such thing as ‘special seed for bonsai’, bonsai are created from ordinary trees not ‘special bonsai varieties’. Packets of ‘bonsai seed’ are generally very overpriced and can be misleading, they simply contain seeds from trees that are suitable for use as bonsai.

Some species of trees are relatively easy to grow from seed, Maple species, Black Pine, Scots Pine, Zelkovas, Beech and Larch are all species that are easy to germinate from seed. Others such as White Pine, Hornbeam and Needle Junipers can be more difficult.

Though seed is very cheap and easy to obtain, it does have some drawbacks when propagating plants. It is a very slow process; seeds can take many months to germinate, some species can take a number of seasons for their seed to germinate and many species need exacting conditions to begin the process of germination. Many types of seed require periods of cold or mild temperatures or wet weather before they will begin the process of germination.

When seeds have been successfully germinated, young seedlings will need a number of seasons of vigorous growth before they have thick enough trunks to warrant their use as bonsai. Typically, a tree grown from seed will take a further 4 or 5 years of vigorous growth to achieve a trunk just an 1″ across. There are also many species of trees that readily cross pollinate and their seed will nearly always produce hybridized plants which may not display all the qualities of the parent plant.

However, growing a tree from seed and watching it mature into a bonsai is an experience that every serious enthusiast dreams about and trees that are grown from seed, from their very inception, are a reflection of their owners patience.

GERMINATING SEED

The ability of a seed to germinate depends on a number of factors; the quality of the seed or even whether it is still viable, the time of year, surrounding temperatures and importantly the temperature the seed has been previously exposed to, the manner of collection and storage, and importantly the matter of individual species’ dormancy requirements.

It is preferable to try to use fresh seed that has ripened within the past growing season; some trees seed can have a relatively short life span compared to flower or vegetable seed and old seed may not be viable any more.

Seeds are biologically programmed to germinate in their native habitat when growing conditions are at their most favourable. For most species, this means that seeds that are released in late Summer and Autumn, go dormant for the period of the Winter and then germinate when the soil temperatures rise in the Spring. This dormancy means that seeds don’t germinate immediately in Autumn as they fall from the tree; this would result in young seedlings that would be killed by the first frosts of winter. By germinating in Spring, a young seedling has an entire season to grow and strengthen in preparation for its first winter as a young sapling.

This is a good example of why it is important to understand the need to try to imitate the natural growing conditions of an individual species to prompt it to germinate. The easiest species to germinate are nearly always those that are found locally; by virtue of the fact that these species are able to reproduce by seed also means that your local climate is favourable for germinating its seed. If a tree is able to germinate its seeds by simply dropping them onto the ground, so can you.

Unless described otherwise in the Species Guides, seed can be sown in Autumn straight into a prepared seed bed or a pot outside, the effect of repeated freezing and thawing through the winter, followed by the gentle warming of the soil and increased light in Spring will break the seeds dormancy and it should germinate. This process of breaking dormancy is known as stratification.

Stratification can be artificially created with the help of a refrigerator. This can be necessary when trying to germinate seeds out of season, seeds that have been stored inside over winter or seeds of species that will not germinate naturally in your local climate.
Seed should be soaked in water for around 5 or 6 hours and then placed in a damp plastic bag at room temperature for 3 or 4 days. Seeds that are seen to soak when soaking in water are still viable for germination; any floating seeds are empty shells and will not germinate, these should be removed. Care should be taken with very small seed as they can all end up floating as a result of surface tension!

The plastic bag of seed is then placed in the bottom of a refrigerator where the temperature is around 4В°C. The bag is then slowly moved up the shelves in the refrigerator over a period of two weeks until it is placed on the top shelf where the temperature is just above freezing. Over a second two-week period the bag of seed is then slowly moved back down to the bottom of the refrigerator. The seeds can then be removed from the refrigerator and sown.

>>Growing Bonsai From Seed: Page 2 of 2

©Harry Harrington 2019. All articles and images by Harry Harrington unless otherwise indicated. Use of Text or Images contained within this website is strictly prohibited without the express permission of Harry Harrington.

Large Website located in the UK, Bonsai4me offers Bonsai Art, Species guides for Bonsai trees, Bonsai galleries and Bonsai Techniques.

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how to lace weed

“Smoking Wet”

Abstract

Reports have suggested that the use of a dangerously tainted form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet” or “fry,” has increased. Marijuana cigarettes are dipped into or laced with other substances, typically formaldehyde, phencyclidine, or both. Inhaling smoke from these cigarettes can cause lung injuries.

We report the cases of 2 young adults who presented at our hospital with respiratory failure soon after they had smoked “wet” marijuana cigarettes. In both patients, progressive hypoxemic respiratory failure necessitated rescue therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. After lengthy hospitalizations, both patients recovered with only mild pulmonary function abnormalities.

To our knowledge, this is the first 2-patient report of severe respiratory failure and rescue therapy with extracorporeal oxygenation after the smoking of marijuana cigarettes thus tainted. We believe that, in young adults with an unexplained presentation of severe respiratory failure, the possibility of exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes should be considered.

Numerous reports on alternative forms of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can be found in multiple media forums. 1–5 Several reports indicate the increased use of marijuana cigarettes, the ingredients of which have been tainted in a potentially harmful fashion. 1–4 This altered form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet,” “illy,” or “fry,” was first reported in the 1970s and can now be procured rather readily. “Wet” cigarettes are conventional marijuana cigarettes that have been dipped into various fluids or laced with additional substances. The precise ingredients involved in this augmentation process may or may not be known by the end user. The most frequently reported method involves the dipping of marijuana into embalming fluid or formaldehyde that has been mixed with phencyclidine (PCP). 3

The exact origin of tainted marijuana cigarettes is unknown. The “wet” cigarettes reported on in the 1970s were probably laced with PCP. At that time, PCP was referred to by marijuana users and dealers as “embalming fluid.” It is postulated that drug dealers subsequently and mistakenly began using genuine embalming fluid to augment marijuana cigarettes, and that this has led to the current formulation with embalming fluid, PCP, or both. 3

Cannabis is not typically considered to be a drug that causes respiratory failure. However, exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes potentially precipitates organ failure, including respiratory failure. Exposure to PCP can increase the prevalence of life-threatening events. 3,5 Other reports about tainted marijuana cigarettes chiefly discuss their impact on the central nervous system. The effects include hallucinations, disorientation, impaired coordination, paranoia, sexual disinhibition, and visual disturbances. 3–5 We present the cases of 2 young adults who presented with severe respiratory failure—thought to be related to “wet cigarette” exposure—that necessitated therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).

Case Reports

Patient 1

A 27-year-old woman presented at another hospital with respiratory failure and seizures. Her medical history included chronic depression and alcohol and marijuana abuse, but no prior seizures. After transfer to our hospital, she was placed on mechanical ventilation at a low tidal volume, in accordance with the Acute Respiratory Distress Network (ARDSNet) protocol. 6 Drug-screening tests were positive for THC and PCP. Chest radiographs revealed bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. Computed tomograms showed areas of diffuse consolidation as well as ground-glass attenuation with superimposed inter- and intralobular septal thickening. Empiric antibiotic therapy for presumed pneumonia was started. However, investigations for infectious and noninfectious causes, including a bronchoalveolar lavage, yielded negative results. Echocardiograms showed normal cardiac function and structure. During the next 10 days, progressive respiratory failure with persistent bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates developed ( Fig. 1 ) despite attempted rescue therapies, including neuromuscular blockade, open lung ventilation, inhaled prostacyclin, and high-frequency-oscillation ventilation. Refractory hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure (Murray Lung Score, 7 4/4/2/3 = 3.25), along with evidence of distributive shock, prompted the implementation of venoarterial ECMO. The patient’s tidal volumes were 4 cc/kg with plateau pressures ranging from 40 to 45 cm H2O just before ECMO was initiated. Despite the low tidal volume and ECMO support, the patient’s course was complicated by recurrent pneumothorax and by a hemothorax that necessitated thoracotomy. After 35 days, she was weaned from ECMO support and was again placed on conventional mechanical ventilation. Tracheostomy enabled the patient to breathe room air, and she was discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation unit 65 days after her initial hospital admission. After being discharged from the rehabilitation unit, she was able to resume all activities of daily life.

Fig. 1 Patient 1. Chest radiograph at the time of ECMO cannulation shows diffuse pulmonary infiltrates bilaterally.

Six months after the patient’s initial hospitalization, she underwent pulmonary-function testing to evaluate her severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Spirometry revealed mild deficiencies in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (60%), in total lung capacity (TLC) (62%), and in diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) (70%). A chest radiograph revealed unilateral basilar scarring, consistent with the location of her recurrent pneumothoraces and hemothorax.

It was learned that the patient had been in her usual state of health before the initial hospital admission. On the night before admission, she had smoked marijuana cigarettes that had been dipped in PCP and embalming fluid.

Patient 2

A 20-year-old man with no past medical problems presented at another hospital with disorientation and hypoxemic respiratory failure. He was intubated and hemodynamically stable upon his transfer to our hospital. Chest radiographs revealed bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. Echocardiograms showed normal cardiac function and structure. Drug-screening tests were positive for THC. Investigations for infectious and noninfectious causes yielded negative results. Bronchoscopic evaluation showed mildly edematous airways and yielded a neutrophil-predominant lavage. Ventilation at low tidal volume was used, in accordance with the ARDSNet protocol. 6 During the next 11 days, progressive hypoxemic respiratory failure (Murray Lung Score, 7 3/4/3/4 = 3.5) and persistent bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates developed ( Fig. 2 ) despite neuromuscular blockade, inhaled prostacyclin therapy, open lung ventilation, and recruitment maneuvers. The patient’s tidal volumes were 5 cc/kg, with plateau pressures ranging from 30 to 35 cm H2O just before venovenous ECMO support was initiated. After 10 days, the patient was placed on conventional mechanical ventilation. He was transferred to an inpatient rehabilitation unit 35 days after his hospital admission.

Fig. 2 Patient 2. Chest radiograph at the time of ECMO cannulation shows diffuse pulmonary infiltrates bilaterally.

To follow up on the patient’s severe ARDS, his pulmonary function was tested 3 months after his discharge from the hospital. Spirometry revealed a mildly abnormal FEV1 (73%), normal TLC (84%), and normal DLCO (81%). A chest radiograph showed no evidence of parenchymal lung disease. Further information confirmed the patient’s history of marijuana abuse and his having smoked tainted marijuana cigarettes just before his initial hospitalization.

Discussion

To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of severe respiratory failure and the necessity of ECMO use in relation to the smoking of “wet” marijuana cigarettes.

Inhalation Toxicity of Tainted Marijuana Cigarettes

We think that inhalation exposure was the chief culprit in our patients’ respiratory failure, given the temporal relationship of their use of tainted marijuana and their similar clinical presentations. Both presented with progressive, severe ARDS without any obvious inciting event. Although respiratory failure relating to smoking tainted marijuana cigarettes has not been previously described, some medical literature supports the adverse effects of the typical ingredients on the respiratory system.

Marijuana use by itself has not been linked to respiratory failure; however, it has been associated with chronic respiratory problems, such as bronchitis, obstructive lung disease, and histopathologic airway changes. 8–10 The inhalation of embalming fluid has been linked to bronchitis, lung damage, and airway ulcerations. Pulmonary complications have rarely been reported in association with PCP use. 11

The most commonly reported pulmonary symptoms from formaldehyde exposure are acute bronchospasm and occupational asthma. 12–14 We found only one report of formaldehyde exposure’s causing respiratory insufficiency: Dr. John Porter described his own experience and hospital course after prolonged exposure to formaldehyde. 15 While preparing an anatomic specimen with formaldehyde, he developed progressive chest tightness and dyspnea that necessitated hospitalization and oxygen supplementation. Chest radiographs showed interstitial markings that were interpreted to be pulmonary edema. He slowly recovered with corticosteroid therapy and was without subjective symptoms 5 weeks after his hospital admission. 15

Formaldehyde exposure has toxic effects at the cellular level. Inhalation exposure results in impairment of self-repair mechanisms 16 ; in rats, varying degrees of respiratory epithelium hyperplasia and metaplasia have occurred, along with focal necrosis and epithelial thickening. 13,14,17 It is hypothesized that inhalation of formaldehyde promotes mast-cell degranulation and disrupts nitric oxide regulation. 16 This disruption may cause an alteration in both airway and vascular-tone homeostasis. The varying amounts of formaldehyde in embalming fluid, along with the varying degrees and areas of injury, might explain the range in clinical symptoms from bronchial hyperreactivity to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. 18

Specific interactions between formaldehyde and the ingredients in marijuana smoke might also warrant consideration in the pathogenesis of combined exposure. Chronic marijuana inhalation has been identified as a promoter of airway inflammation in human beings. 9,10 This underlying chronic inflammation and epithelial disruption could predispose marijuana users to further airway injury from irritants such as formaldehyde; however, the literature describing such a phenomenon is sparse.

Extracorporeal Oxygenation in Severe Respiratory Failure

Our case reports yield evidence of the value of ECMO support in severe respiratory failure. We propose that patients can recover from severe lung injury after inhaling smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes, and we recommend fairly aggressive therapy—which might include ECMO—in patients who present with single-organ failure and potentially surmountable lung injury.

Long-term pulmonary outcomes in ARDS survivors have often included abnormal pulmonary function test results, such as mild diffusion and restriction limitations. In our female patient, pulmonary tests 6 months after her hospital discharge disclosed only mild abnormalities. In our male patient, tests 3 months after his hospital discharge revealed relatively normal lung function, except for a mild decrease in spirometric values. These results appear similar to or even better than other long-term pulmonary function follow-up data in ARDS patients.

Conclusion

Our patients had similar presentations after similar temporal exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes. We believe that smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes could be an unrecognized cause of respiratory failure in young adults who present with an otherwise unclear origin of respiratory failure and ARDS. According to the available literature, the varying quantity and quality of ingredients in marijuana cigarettes can lead to presentations that range from cough and bronchospasm to severe respiratory failure. We recommend that the inhalation of smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes be considered as the cause of ARDS in young adults, when the clinical context suggests it.

Footnotes

Address for reprints: Christopher R. Gilbert, DO, Pulmonary, Allergy, & Critical Care Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Dr., MCH041, Hershey, PA 17033

“Smoking Wet” Abstract Reports have suggested that the use of a dangerously tainted form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet” or “fry,” has increased. Marijuana cigarettes are

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growing purple

How to Grow Pink or Purple Cannabis Buds

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Would you like to grow colorful cannabis buds? You may have seen marijuana buds that are pink, purple, red, orange, or possibly even blue! But how do you grow colorful buds at home?

If you want to grow buds that are pink, red, or purple, you must choose the right genetics!

The tendency to turn colors is almost 100% determined by strain/genetics, so you can’t force any plant to produce colorful buds. However, you can purchase seeds of strains that naturally turn vibrant colors, and there are tricks to maximize their genetics and bring out the colors of your buds.

You cannot produce buds this purple without a strain that has been bred to makes purple buds. There are tricks to maximize the natural color of your genetics, but you have to start with good genes!

4 Different “Parts” of Cannabis Can Become Colorful

When people are talking about “colorful” buds, most people imagine brightly colored buds in their hands. But there are actually different parts of cannabis plants that can display non-green colors, and sometimes people will lump all them all together. Each one is a little different from each other, and some have a significant effect on the final looks of your bud, while others don’t make much difference.

Many different parts of a cannabis plant can turn purple, including the whole plant!

The parts of the plant that can become colorful are…

  • Pistils (Hairs) – some of the color remains after drying/curing
  • Calyxes (Buds Themselves) – very strong effect on final color
  • Leaves – relatively small effect on final bud color since many are removed by trimming
  • Trichomes – small effect on final color

Buds are made up of different parts and are usually more than one color

Colorful Pistils / Hairs

Most growers want the buds themselves to appear colorful, so the color stays even after the buds are dried and cured.

There are two parts of the buds that can turn color. One part is the pistils/hairs that stick out. There are several strains where the pistils turn pink or purple.

Sometimes just the pistils/hairs turn pink or purple, while the leaves and buds may still be green.

When buds are dried, they retain some of their pistil color, but you will still be able to see the color coming through underneath.

Colorful Calyxes (Buds Themselves)

Calyxes are what make the buds themselves. Cannabis “buds” are actually made of hundreds of calyxes stacked on top of each other, and some or all of them may become colors other than green.

This fantastic picture shows how the overall appearance of buds changes with the ratio of colorful vs. green calyxes.

Nearly all Smooth Smoke buds (by Tropical Seeds) produce at least a few pink calyxes here and there, and some plants in the right conditions can produce buds where almost every calyx is a deep purple.

Calyxes are what give the most color to your buds. Even a few purple calyxes can give the buds an overall purple tint, and when you break open the buds there will be some pieces that are completely purple.

This nug contains several purple calyxes.

After being ground up, you can see the purple pieces distributed throughout. The higher the percentage of purple calyxes, the more vibrant your final bud color will be.

Colorful Leaves – Sometimes It’s Not the Buds That Turn Color!

With some strains, the leaves may turn purple while the buds stay mostly green. This can make for absolutely gorgeous plants, but since leaves mostly get trimmed off after harvest, usually, a lot of the purple will no longer be visible on the buds after the trimming process.

For some strains, the leaves may turn purple while the buds stay green. This often happens after the plant gets exposed to chilly night temperatures (but not always). The leaves exposed to direct light are most likely to turn purple, while leaves in the shade often stay green.

Although the leaves have turned purple, the buds themselves are mostly green.

Only the tops of buds exposed to direct light have any purple left after trimming off all the leaves. Trimming removed almost all of the purple coloring.

Colorful Trichomes

In general, cannabis trichomes go from clear (not ready) to white (highest THC) to amber/yellow (more of a mellow effect) before they eventually wither and die. These color changes are often used to determine the best time to harvest cannabis.

However, sometimes, trichomes can turn purple or pink, making it difficult to know when to harvest. In that case, you want to also look at the pistils to determine the best harvest time!

Purple or pink trichomes can make it tough to know when to harvest, but they’re exotic and beautiful! The color of trichomes may leave a slight tint on the buds after they’ve been dried and cured, but the bud color underneath will be the dominant color.

Now on to making purple buds at home!

How to Maximize Color and Genetics

Before you do anything else, you need to begin with the right genetics. If the genes of your plant don’t make colorful buds, there’s nothing you can do! So, you must start with a colorful strain to get the best results with maximizing color.

  • Choose Colorful Strain (Most important!)
  • Choose Strain that Produces Very Dark Colors (if you want buds to maintain color after being harvested and dried)
  • Temperature – Warm days & cool nights
  • Bright Light – Strong light levels can help bring out color
  • PH at the Roots – Some strains may express colors at higher or lower pH ranges

Choose Strains with Brightly Colored Buds and Pistils If Possible – This maximizes the overall colorful appearance of your buds.

For the most significant final effect on your dried and cured buds, you want to choose a strain where as many parts of the plant as possible are colorful. So ideally, you want buds where the pistils and calyxes (which make up most of the final color) are both vividly colored. If the leaves and trichomes are also colorful, that will improve the effect even further.

In this case, the buds are purple, but the pistils are orange.

To maximize the final color, you want to choose a strain with brightly colored buds and pistils. For example, this bud has purple calyxes, mostly purple pistils and even some purple leaves. This combination makes the entire bud appear bright purple.

Choose Deep Purple Buds for Maximum Color After Drying/Curing – Deeply colored buds (sometimes called “black” strains) tend to be the most vibrant after drying/curing.

To produce the most colorful buds, you need to make sure the color goes all the way through the buds, and ideally, also through all the surrounding leaves. This level of color-penetration is most likely to happen with intensely dark colored buds. Buds that are paler in color tend to lose a lot of their vibrancy in the post-harvest processing.

These buds were mostly pink at harvest, but the color doesn’t go all the way through the buds.

There was still a lot of green on the parts of the buds that didn’t get direct light.

After they’re trimmed and dried, the pink color has become more subtle.

You will “keep” the most color after drying/curing by choosing strains that are dark purple through and through, from buds to pistils to leaves if at all possible. Deeply colored buds keep more of their color after drying and curing than pale purple or pink buds.

These buds were deep purple at harvest…

When buds are darkly colored, they tend to keep more color after being dried and trimmed.

Note: Your buds will naturally lose some of their overall vibrancy and color during the drying/curing process (but not any of their potency!). That’s why you will likely never run into neon purple buds that have already been dried and cured for 2+ weeks. Even green buds go from being bright green to a more muted green color by the time they’ve cured for a few weeks. When you see very brightly colored buds, it almost always means the buds are still relatively fresh.

Although color is determined primarily by genetics, there are a few things you can do to help your plant express its natural colors…

Temperature – Some Strains Express Colors When the Night Temperature is a Few Degrees Cooler than the Day

If you’re growing a strain that turns color, some strains will only show their colors when night temperatures are at least a few degrees cooler than during the day in the flowering stage, especially towards the end. However, some plants don’t react to cool night temperatures, and many strains (like Panama) nearly always turn color no matter what the temperature.

Certain strains like Querkle turn color more easily when the temperature is warm during the day as opposed to cool at night. So, it’s always a good idea to aim for nice warm days, and cool, comfortable nights, because that contrast seems to help bring out colors for many strains.

How to Maximize Color with Temperature

  • Warm Days (75-80°F / 24-27°C)
  • Cool Comfortable Nights (65-70°F / 18-21°C)

Note: Some strains turn color no matter what the temperature. You can sometimes contact the breeder and ask if they have advice on how to bring out colors for a particular strain. I’ve found that most breeders will get back to you quickly if you go to their website and ask questions!

Temperature makes a difference! Some strains need contrast between day/night temperatures for their buds to turn colors. For example, the buds of this Auto Frisian Dew turned bright purple after it started getting below 70°F (21°C) temperatures at night.

Strong, Direct Light may help bring out colors

In some cases, a plant may produce purple tones in response to intense, direct light (on buds and leaves). Although we’re not sure exactly why it’s possible this may act as a sort of sunscreen for the plant! The importance of light levels varies on a strain by strain basis.

The pH at the Roots may affect cannabis bud color expression

Outside the cannabis world, there are a few species of plants with flowers that are known to turn different colors based on the pH at the roots.

For example, the flowers of specific types of hydrangeas can turn blue in very acidic soil but may turn pink if exposed to neutral or only slightly acidic soil (though this type of variation is rare in the plant world).

Yet there have been occasional reports of cannabis strains that produce different bud colors based on the pH at the roots, though unfortunately, more testing is needed!

If growing multiple plants of the same strain, you might consider giving plants different pH ranges to see what effect it has on the final bud color!

Pictures and Examples of Colorful Strains

Here are some pictures of cannabis strains that sometimes grow colorful purple and pink buds.

Photoperiod (Regular) Strains

Frisian Dew

The next two pics are of the strain Frisian Dew, a popular strain by Dutch Passion, who specifically designed the strain for growing outdoors. It is exceptionally hardy, high yielding, and is also mold and pest resistant. About 50% of the time, Frisian Dew buds will turn bright purple instead of green!

The plant in the middle with the dark purple buds is Frisian Dew.

Purple Trainwreck

Purple Trainwreck buds are usually purple-tinted, with purple leaves or pistils.

This Purple Trainwreck plant is growing purple pistils.

For this Purple Trainwreck cola, it’s mostly just the leaves turning purple. In either case, the effects are the same!

This Purple Trainwreck bud turned particularly purple.

Panama

The following plants with pink pistils are from the strain Panama by Ace Seeds

This is what Panama buds may look like when they’re first growing in.

beautiful pink pistil pic by trippergreenfeet

As the Panama buds develop, the pistils and even the buds themselves may intensify their pink color

Smooth Smoke

Smooth Smoke buds (by Tropical Seeds) can become quite colorful, with colors from hints of pink to deep purple!

Auto-Flowering Strains

Auto Frisian Dew

Auto Frisian Dew by Dutch Passion (this is an auto-flowering version of the original famous marijuana strain) – Unlike the regular Frisian Dew which gets about 50% purple bud plants, the breeder claims only 10% of the plants from this strain produce purple buds. Still, some growers are getting far better odds than that. When purple does appear, the color is incredibly vibrant and spills out onto the nearby leaves!

This Auto Frisian Dew plant got a little stunted at first, but still ended up producing beautiful purple buds!

Auto-Flowering Bloody Skunk

Auto-Flowering Dark Devil

Dark Devil Auto is another fabulous auto-flowering strain by Sweet Seeds that turns a gorgeous purple or even a deep red.

This Dark Devil Auto bud turned completely purple from top to bottom.

Purple Kush Auto

Brilliant color on Purple Kush Auto plants! The buds turn almost black after being dried!

pics by kingkola1

Colorful “Duck” Strains (Stealth Leaves)

“Duck” strains are characterized by their oddly shaped leaves. The idea is that the plants look less like cannabis with 3-finger leaves. The bright colored buds also help make them look less like cannabis.

Frisian Duck

One of the most popular variations of the Ducksfoot (Ducksfeet?) strains is called Frisian Duck by Dutch Passion. This strain thrives outdoors and grows with the traditional stealthy leaves. This strain also often makes bright, beautiful purple buds (with cold enough temperatures) that have a fresh scent that is sometimes even a little fruity.

Frisian Duck plants react well to growing in a living soil that’s been composted and amended with slow-release organic ingredients.

This is a Frisian Duck plant in the vegetative stage.

This Frisian Duck plant was grown outdoors in a greenhouse. More than half of Frisian Duck plants grow bright purple buds!

Frisian Duck is based on the famous Frisian Dew strain which also produces purple buds and has been bred for generations specifically for growing outdoors. The Frisian genes thrive under sunlight, and buds are resistant to bugs and mold!

This Frisian Duck plant is just about ready to harvest!

However, even with stealthy strains, be aware that they still smell like cannabis in the budding stage!

Why Do Cannabis Leaves and Buds Turn Purple?

Sometimes you’ll see purple leaves because of a nutrient deficiency, but oftentimes purple leaves are actually caused by natural plant processes!

There are many species of plants that make purple leaves. The leaves appear purple due to high levels of a purple pigment called anthocyanin. Anthocyanin may act as a sunscreen for plant leaves because it protects against damage caused by UV-B rays. Anthocyanin is also known to help protect against cold or heat stress on the cellular level.

It’s not just cannabis plants that grow purple leaves. Here’s an example of a False Shamrock plant, which has glorious purple leaves from top to bottom!

With some cannabis strains, the leaves may turn purple while the buds stay green. Just like with buds, the leaves are more likely to turn color when the plants are getting cool night temperatures in the late flowering stage.

The leaves most likely to be affected are the top leaves and other leaves getting direct light. With this purpling, the leaves in the shade of the plant usually stay green.

For some strains, the leaves may turn purple while the buds stay green.

The leaves of this plant turned purple overnight after that plant was exposed to chilly night temperatures.

The leaves exposed to direct light are most likely to turn purple, while leaves in the shade often stay green

In this case, all the leaves that are exposed to the light have turned purple, including the sugar leaves. However, once the leaves are trimmed off, the buds will be mostly green.

Buds may still be purple-tinted from leaves that weren’t completely trimmed off.

If there’s a lot of purple leaves, there may be a lot of color left even after trimming.

Case Study – Super Purple Haze plant

The top leaves of this Super Purple Haze plant have turned a vibrant purple

Here are the buds from that Super Purple Haze plant drying – you can see that the parts of the buds that were exposed to the light have strong hints of purple

A closer look at those buds so you can better see how much bud is purple and how much is green after being trimmed and dried (click for a closeup!)

This cannabis plant has grown vibrant red and purple leaves.

This outdoor cannabis plant has turned purple everywhere it received direct sunlight. Splendid!

Cannabis sometimes has neat mutations, like this two-tone plant where only half the leaves turned purple!

These Swiss Cheese plants by Nirvana exploded with red, pink and purple leaves when it got cool at night right near harvest time, but the buds themselves did not change color. Unfortunately, when just the leaves turn color, the buds themselves will often look mostly green once they’re trimmed. But this beautiful picture lives forever!

Bright purple stems may be a sign of a phosphorus deficiency, but this “symptom” is sometimes actually caused by genetics, just like purple leaves, pistils or buds!

Blue Dream (rare deep purple phenotype)

Blue Dream buds usually don’t turn this deep purple, so if you want to see buds like this you’re better off with a strain that’s bred to always grow dark purple buds. However, the pictures were so beautiful I just had to share!

How can you grow colorful buds that turn purple or pink? Learn which strains to get, as well as what you can do to maximize color during your grow.