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seaweed seeds

How to Start Seeds Indoors With Liquid Seaweed

Related Articles

Treating seeds with liquid seaweed before sowing them can result in higher germination rates as well as more vigorous growth and disease resistance in the resulting plants. Liquid seaweed naturally contains micro-nutrients, macro-nutrients, amino acids, vitamins and growth hormones. Depending on the species, the seeds may need cold stratification and scarification. Stratification is commonly accomplished by storing the seeds in the refrigerator for a few months, and scarification is done by nicking or sanding the hard seed coat. These steps must be taken prior to treating seeds with liquid seaweed.

Pour 1 cup of liquid seaweed and 4 cups of water into a glass or plastic container. Stir the solution until it is well mixed. Pour the seeds into the solution and let them soak for 12 hours.

Pour seed germination potting mix or a mixture that consists of one-half sphagnum peat moss and one-half perlite or coarse sand into seed flats or small containers with drain holes in the bottom. Moisten the mix with room-temperature water.

Sow the seeds in the moistened potting mix. Bury them one to two times the seeds’ width or, if the seeds are very tiny and need light exposure to germinate, sprinkle them over the moistened potting mix.

Cover the seed flats or containers with a piece of plastic or put them in clear plastic bags and seal the bags. Set the flats or containers in bright, indirect light.

Maintain a soil temperature of 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit or at the germination temperature recommended for the species. Mist the soil with room-temperature water if it begins to dry out.

  • American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy 2: Effect of Seaweed Liquid Fertilizer on Growth and Pigment Concentration of Cyamopsis Tetrogonolaba (L) Taub
  • University of Florida: IFAS Extension: Propagation of Landscape Plants1

Reannan Raine worked for 30 years in the non-profit sector in various positions. She recently became a licensed insurance agent but has decided to pursue a writing career instead. Ms. Raine is hoping to have her first novel published soon.

How to Start Seeds Indoors With Liquid Seaweed. Treating seeds with liquid seaweed before sowing them can result in higher germination rates as well as more vigorous growth and disease resistance in the resulting plants. Liquid seaweed naturally contains micro-nutrients, macro-nutrients, amino acids, vitamins and …

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mendo breath strain info

Mendo Breath

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Sweet

Effects

  • Hungry
  • Sleepy
  • Dry Eyes
  • Dry Mouth

Pairs Well With

  • Eating
  • Sleeping

About this Hybrid Strain

The dense buds from this indica-leaning cannabis plant smell heavily of creamy vanilla and fresh caramel combined with undertones of pine and skunk. The flavor of the smoke from Mendo Breath is distinctly earthy with notes of the candied sweetness.

Mendo Breath, for all of its qualities, is pretty well known for one thing: being a total knock-out of a strain. This one’s highly recommended for anyone having troubles sleeping, such as with insomnia, restlessness, or just a round of random stress preventing quality rest. It also works fairly well for managing pain or stimulating hunger in those having difficulty eating. So, it should go without saying this cultivar is best saved for night time use; only pursue daytime use with caution.

Common side effects from Mendo Breath include cottonmouth and red eyes.

The dense buds from this indica-leaning cannabis plant smell heavily of creamy vanilla and fresh caramel combined with undertones of pine and skunk. The flavor of the smoke from Mendo Breath is distinctly earthy with notes of the candied sweetness. Mendo Breath, for all of its qualities, is pretty…

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lime og

Lime OG

breed by Exotic Genetix

Here you can find all info about Lime OG from Exotic Genetix. If you are searching for information about Lime OG from Exotic Genetix, check out our Basic Infos, Lineage / Genealogy or Hybrids / Crossbreeds for this cannabis variety here at this page and follow the links to get even more information. If you have any personal experiences with growing or consuming this cannabis variety, please use the upload links to add them to the database!

Basic / Breeders Info

Lime OG is an indica/sativa variety from Exotic Genetix and can be cultivated indoors and outdoors . Exotic Genetix’ Lime OG is a THC dominant variety and is/was never available as feminized seeds.

Mother: Lime Skunk
Father: Triple OG
Generation: F2
Family: 50/50 Hybrid
Sex: Reg
Growing Conditions: Multi-Topped Bush
Height: Medium/Tall
Yield: Heavy Producer

Lime OG Lineage / Genealogy

  • Lime OG »»» Lime Skunk x Triple OG F2
  • Lime Skunk
    • »»» Lemon Skunk x Green Ribbon BX
    • Lemon Skunk
      • »»» Las Vegas Lemon Skunk x Unknown Skunk
      • Las Vegas Lemon Skunk
        • Unknown Skunk (specified above)
      • Unknown Skunk
        • Skunk #1
          • »»» Afghanistan x Mexico x Colombia
          • Afghanistan »»» Indica
          • Mexico »»» Sativa
          • Colombia »»» Sativa
    • Green Ribbon BX Bx3
      • »»» Green Ribbon x The Hulk Bx3
      • Green Ribbon Probably
        • »»» Trainwreck x Afgooey Probably
        • Trainwreck
          • USA »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
        • Afgooey
          • »»» Afgani #1 x Maui Haze
          • Afgani #1
            • »»» Afghanistan x Afghanistan
            • Afghanistan »»» Indica
            • Afghanistan »»» Indica
          • Maui Haze »»» Sativa
      • The Hulk
        • »»» Green Crack x Jack Herer
        • Green Crack
          • »»» Skunk #1 x Unknown Indica
          • Skunk #1
            • Skunk #1 (specified above)
          • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
        • Jack Herer
          • »»» Haze x
          • Northern Lights #5 x Shiva Skunk
            • Northern Lights #5
              • USA, Kalifornien »»» Mostly Indica
            • Shiva Skunk
              • Northern Lights 5 x Skunk #1 F-1 Hybrid F1
                • »»» Northern Lights #5 x Skunk #1 F1
                • Northern Lights #5 (specified above)
                • Skunk #1
                  • Skunk #1 (specified above)
          • Haze
            • O Haze
              • »»» Mexico x Colombia x Thailand x India
              • Mexico »»» Sativa
              • Colombia »»» Sativa
              • Thailand »»» Sativa
              • India »»» Sativa
  • Triple OG probably
    • »»» Triangle Kush x Constantine x Master Yoda probably
    • Triangle Kush
      • OG Kush Florida Probably
        • »»» Chemdawg x Probably
        • Lemon Thai x Hindu Kush, Pakistan
          • Lemon Thai »»» Sativa
          • Hindu Kush, Pakistan »»» Indica
        • Chemdawg
          • Unknown Indica »»» Indica
    • Constantine
      • »»» Orange Valley OG x The Cube
      • Orange Valley OG
        • »»» 818 Pure SFV OG S1 x Agent Orange
        • 818 Pure SFV OG S1
          • OG Kush SFV Cut (specified above)
        • Agent Orange
          • »»» Orange Velvet x Jack the Ripper
          • Orange Velvet Probably
            • »»» Skunk x Unknown Strain Probably
            • Skunk (specified above)
            • Unknown Strain
          • Jack the Ripper
            • »»» Jacks Cleaner x Space Queen
            • Jacks Cleaner
              • »»» x Jack Herer
              • Pluton x Lambsbread x Purple Haze x Northern Lights
                • Pluton »»» Unknown Strain
                • Lambsbread
                  • Jamaica Probably Sativa »»» Sativa
                • Purple Haze Probably
                  • Haze Purple Pheno (specified above)
                • Northern Lights
                  • »»» NL #1 x NL #2 x NL #5
                  • NL #1 IBL
                    • Afghanistan »»» Indica
                  • NL #2
                    • Northern Lights
                      • Afghanistan Indica Probably »»» Indica
                  • NL #5 (specified above)
              • Jack Herer (specified above)
            • Space Queen
              • »»» Romulan x C-99
              • Romulan
                • Unknown Mostly Indica British Columbia »»» Mostly Indica
              • C-99
                • »»» Princess x P94
                • Princess
                  • »»» Jack Herer x Mystery Male
                  • Jack Herer (specified above)
                  • Mystery Male »»» Unknown Strain
                • P94
                  • »»» Princess x Cinderella 88
                  • Princess (specified above)
                  • Cinderella 88
                    • »»» Princess x P.75
                    • Princess (specified above)
                    • P.75
                      • »»» Princess x P.50
                      • Princess (specified above)
                      • P.50
                        • »»» Princess x Shiva Skunk
                        • Princess (specified above)
                        • Shiva Skunk (specified above)
      • The Cube
        • »»» Starfighter F1 x Starfighter IX2
        • Starfighter F1
          • »»» Lemon Alien Dawg x Tahoe Alien
          • Lemon Alien Dawg
            • »»» Alien Dog Cherry Pheno x Lemon Kush
            • Alien Dog Cherry Pheno
              • »»» Chem Dawg d x Alien Technology
              • Chem Dawg d (specified above)
              • Alien Technology
                • Afghanistan »»» Indica
            • Lemon Kush
              • »»» Lemon G x Afghanistan, Hindu Kush
              • Lemon G
                • Colombia »»» Indica/Sativa Hybrid
              • Afghanistan, Hindu Kush »»» Indica
          • Tahoe Alien
            • »»» Tahoe OG Kush x Alien Kush F1
            • Tahoe OG Kush
              • »»» OG Kush Tahoe Cut x SFV OG Kush IBL
              • OG Kush Tahoe Cut (specified above)
              • SFV OG Kush IBL
                • »»» SFV OG x Afghani #1
                • SFV OG (specified above)
                • Afghani #1 (specified above)
            • Alien Kush F1
              • »»» Las Vegas Purple Kush x Alien Technology
              • Las Vegas Purple Kush
                • »»» Northern Lights x Hindu Kush Purple
                • Northern Lights (specified above)
                • Hindu Kush Purple »»» Indica
              • Alien Technology (specified above)
        • Starfighter IX2
          • »»» Starfighter x Exotic Fighter
          • Starfighter (specified above)
          • Exotic Fighter
            • »»» Starfighter x Starfighter F2
            • Starfighter (specified above)
            • Starfighter F2 F2
              • Starfighter (specified above)
    • Master Yoda probably
      • »»» OG Kush x Master Kush probably
      • OG Kush (specified above)
      • Master Kush
        • Hindu Kush x Hindu Kush (specified above)

Map of the Lime OG Family Tree

Lime OG Hybrids & Crossbreeds

Map of the Lime OG Descendants

If you are with a big screen and not browsing with your mobile, check out our dynamic family tree map with all known hybrids of Lime OG! (but this maybe will need some time to load all the data!)

Upload your info about this strain here:

Do you know something more about Exotic Genetix’ Lime OG? Please help to make this database better and upload/connect your information here!

Pictures

Pictures speak louder than words! Upload your “Lime OG” Photos here and help other growers to get a better impression of this variety.

Comparisons

You have grown Lime OG together with another variety? Please fill out our Strain VS. Strain direct comparisation form!

User Reviews

Our strain reviews are multilingual, searchable and can be very detailed – including data about the grow, aroma, effects and taste! Please upload your Lime OG Review here to help the other seedfinder users!

Medical Values

You have experience with the medical qualities of Lime OG? Sharing your information here maybe can help other people!

Threads

You’ve stumbled upon a Lime OG related thread into a forum or growers community? Connect it here and enable othe users to find this information fast and easy!

Videos

You found a related video with additional information or grow-infos about Lime OG on YouTube? Please connect it here to the strain info page!

Lime OG breed by Exotic Genetix Here you can find all info about Lime OG from Exotic Genetix . If you are searching for information about Lime OG from Exotic Genetix, check out our Basic

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growing cannabis outdoors in oregon

Oregontrailwagontrain

Contents

oregon wine country b&b warm springs oregon fire Average climate in Warm Springs, Oregon. Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations. earthquake activity: warm Springs-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below oregon state average.. warm springs fire and Safety (E), Warm Springs Library (F).interstate meats clackamas oregon Results for Meat Retail in Clackamas, OR. Get free custom quotes, customer reviews, prices, contact details, opening hours from Clackamas, OR based businesses with Meat Retail keyword.. Interstate Meat Distributors Incorporated. 9550 Se Last Rd 97015 Clackamas (503) 656-0633. Oregon City, Meat. STREET 97015 Clackamas (503) 657-1455.Visit Oregon Wine Country: Wine Enthusiasts 2016 Wine Region of the Year. There is a lot more than wine tasting & tours in Willamette Valley Oregon. Bike along the Willamette Scenic Bikeway. Discover historic covered bridges. Enjoy oregon restaurants showcasing the Valley’s agricultural bounty. Start planning with our free Vacation Planner.oregon ducks bowl projections I suspect that might have been the case if the Ducks had beaten Oregon State, looked good doing it. Hopefully, he’ll be back someday. To the bowl projections. The penultimate rankings produced .oregon basketball floor “If you would have told me that we’re going to allow Oregon State to shoot 70 percent in the first couple minutes, they’re going to end the game at 42 percent from the floor, and you’re going to get.

See huge cannabis plants in Southern Oregon. These outdoor marijuana plants are a few days from harvest. Organic soil and compost are the keys to growing.

A marijuana plant is shown at the Colorado Harvest Company in denver.. 70 percent of the legal recreational marijuana grown goes unsold,

Growing outdoors is the way to go for many growers out there. You don’t have to be concerned with expensive lighting and it’s a more natural way to grow your stash. You do have to take into account your place on the planet and how this affects your grow season. For that purpose, I created this.

Growing marijuana outdoors gives bigger yields when you trim and shape your plants during the first weeks of summer. Your outdoor cannabis plants should be at least 3-4 feet tall by June 27. Using clean, sharp pruning tools, remove all branches and sucker shoots within 1-2 feet of the ground..

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This guide is not designed to be the growers bible, but to provide easy steps on how to cultivate small amounts of for personal consumption. There are people who know more about growing weed than we do, but the growing literature still lacks a brief explanation of how to produce outdoor kind bud in easy steps.

oregon track records Get the latest Oregon & Portland high school boys track and field news, rankings, schedules, stats, scores, results & athletes info for high school football, soccer, basketball, baseball, and more at OregonLive.com.. Track and field recap: Records fall at Oregon Relays, Meet of Champions.

Growing marijuana outdoors is often considered the most simple and natural method, as it replicates the way it has grown in the wild for thousands of years. This basic guide to on how to grow weed outdoors will provide you with the information to make the most out of what nature has to offer. The benefits of growing marijuana outdoors?

Outdoor and greenhouse cannabis cultivation is four times more prevalent in Oregon than in the marijuana industry at large, according to data from the state and the Marijuana Business Factbook. The difference highlights how marijuana growing methods are influenced not only by regulations, but also by other factors including geography, climate.

Grow Marijuana: Giant Cannabis Plants Outdoors in Oregon. Growing Cannabis. Grow Marijuana: Giant Cannabis Plants Outdoors in Oregon. On Oct 3, 2018. 0 84. Share. See huge cannabis plants in Southern Oregon. These outdoor marijuana plants are a few days from harvest. Organic soil and compost are.

Oregontrailwagontrain Contents oregon wine country b&b warm springs oregon fire Average climate in Warm Springs, Oregon. Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations. earthquake

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true glue strain

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neville’s haze flowering time

Neville’s Haze

Review

Sativa-dominant Nevilles Haze is dedicated to a legendary cannabis cultivator who worked in the Netherlands in the 1980s, Nevil Schoenmakers (yes, the spelling of his first name has gone a bit wonky over the years). Schoenmakers held joint Australian and Dutch citizenship and was arrested in Australia at the behest of American authorities who wanted to extradite him on cannabis charges. An Australian court granted him bail in 1991 and his whereabouts since then remain a mystery. This strain is the product of a cross between the original Haze strain and Northern Lights, two venerable marijuana hybrids.

The smell and flavor of Nevilles Haze will remind you of pine forests, flowers and newly dug earth. The hit can be overpowering, with a fast and furious rush. Inexperienced smokers should take it easy with this strain, which can verge on the hallucinogenic. In medical use, it can help with muscular pain and poor appetite.

This is a lanky plant that can grow as tall as four metres if left to its own devices outdoors in a tropical climate. It has multiple branches which produce buds so heavy that they can snap the stems. The leaves are palmate with long, thin fingers and the fluffy buds are covered in sticky resin. THC levels can be as high as 21 percent when grown in the right conditions.

Unless you live somewhere with a tropical climate, you should grow Neville Haze seeds indoors. It can be quite a fussy plant and when grown indoors, it requires close monitoring to ensure the right light, nutrient and moisture levels. It also needs careful trimming. Flowering time can be as long as 14 weeks and yields are up to 650 grams per square metre.

Outdoors in a tropical climate, it should be ready for harvest in late November in the Northern Hemisphere, and it can yield up to 800 grams per plant if allowed to grow to its full extent. The plants will need support as they mature.

To conclude this Nevilles Haze review, this is not an easy strain to grow. But if you have some solid horticultural experience, Nevilles Haze can produce a good indoor harvest that offers a potent high.

Comprehensive review of Nevilles Haze, a marijuana strain named after the legendary Nevil Schoenmakers that is extremely potent.

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str8 exotics weed

Strains & Products

10 Best Strains to Try in 2020

Whether you are new to the game or have been rolling ’em up for decades, there are likely some new or reinvented strains that you have not yet tried. Due to the ever-changing nature of the cannabis cultivation industry, even classic strains we have come to cherish over the years have seen changes, whether big or small. As such, there is a myriad of potent weed hitting the market this year, with more strains than you can shake a stick at. Before you head out to your local dispensary, here is a list of the 10 best new or reinvented strains you should try this year. If you want to find the closest dispensary near you carrying one of these powerful new strains, check out the Where’s Weed ‘Strains’ Page.

The Best Strains of 2020

#10 – Peanut Butter Breath

Peanut Butter Breath (AKA Peanut Butter Cup) has hit the ground running with cannabis cultivators across America this year. This unique and potent strain packs a punch with a whopping 28% THC and a complex terpene profile that has strong earth tones and chocolate flavors that taste better than a Reese’s Peanut Butter Cup.

The high of this strain leans more towards relaxing than energetic, despite the 50/50 indica-sativa split and is a solid choice when you are planning for a mellow day inside. To make PB Breath, the ever popular Do-si-dos strain was crossed with Mendo Breath F2 by Thug Pug Genetics, one of Michigan’s top geneticists. Seeds are available for sale if you feel like growing a lil PB of your own at home.

#9 – Gelonade

This fruity strain created by Connected Cannabis CO brings together Gelato #41 with the potent Lemon Tree strain to create a dynamic bud packed with terpenes and mouth-watering citrus flavor. The aroma is intoxicating. with hints of pine, lemon and cookies, which may tempt you to taste your buds just to check if they taste as good as they smell. This sativa-dominant strain boasts a wide spectrum of green and purple hues with colors not usually found in other sativas.

The strain creates dense nugs that provide a smooth burn when smoking, providing users with a one-of-a-kind cannabis experience. This strain took home gold at the 2018 Cannabis Cup in the ‘Best Sativa Flower’ category, beating out some of the best strains on the market today. While this strain may not be ‘new’ as of 2020, it is undoubtedly one of the best weeds out today and deserves to be tried if you’ve been sleeping on it until now.

#8 – Tropicana Cookies

If you follow practically any cannabis cultivator on Instagram, you have likely seen photos of the colorful strain at one point or another. This strain has become popular not only for its winsome looks and bouquet of colors, but also because it creates a unique high unlike any other strain out today.

Oni Seed Company created this variation by crossing the world-renowned Girl Scout Cookies with Tangie, mixing the delectable flavor of GSC with the energizing high of Tangie. This strain is sativa-dominant and will give you energy for hours, which can be perfect for the cannabis connoisseur on the go.

#7 – White Tahoe Cookies

Similar to Tropicana Cookies, WTC is the offspring of the ever-popular Girl Scout Cookies, except this time crossed with ‘The White’ and ‘Tahoe OG,’ to create an unbelievable Indica-dominant strain. Unlike Tropicana Cookies, White Tahoe Cookies will create a mellow, relaxing high which is perfect for those planning for a chill, anxiety free day.

The buds of this beautiful plant display lovely forest green colors paired with deep orange hairs and hints of purple shades. The unique terpene mix creates an earthy and rich taste with undertones of pine in the aroma, which may just trick you into thinking you are in the heart of a Lake Tahoe forest.

#6 – Rainbow Chip

Exotic Genetix created this fruity strain by crossing Sunset Sherbert with Mint Chocolate Chip, to create one of the best hybrid weeds in dispensaries today. Rainbow Chip won first place for ‘Best Hybrid Strain’ at Michigan’s 2019 Cannabis Cup, beating out hundreds of potent strains from all over the country. The 50/50 indica-sativa split produces a high with tons of energy, but reduces the anxiety-creating effects that can sometimes be found in other sativas.

This strain may be a tough one to get your hands on, as it is relatively new and hasn’t seen widespread growth in some parts of the US. However, the 22% THC content, the unbeatable high and the fruity, sweet taste of Rainbow Chip make it more than worth the wait. Visit our strains page to find Rainbow Chip near you!

#5 – Vanilla Frosting

Humboldt Seed Co created this amazing strain to improve upon the somewhat dismal growth yields of the various Gelato strains and the results are amazing. Vanilla Frosting brings together two cannabis powerhouses, crossing Humboldt Frost OG with Humboldt Gelato Bx3. The OG brings large yields and that classic earth tone and powerful high to the table, while the Gelato Bx3 produces the idyllic colors, fruit filled aroma and potent flavor that have become synonymous in the Gelato strains.

Expect hints of vanilla and cake batter when smoking, with silver and green nugs that are literally out of this world. Vanilla Frosting is a hybrid strain with indica-dominant effects, making for a fun-filled, giggle inducing high.

#4 – Dimepiece

If you haven’t heard of Dimepiece yet, you are sleeping on one of the most powerful new strains in the history of weed. As the winner of the 2019 San Francisco Cannabis Cup for ‘Best Indica Flower,’ this strain is no joke. With a THC over 30%, you may just forget what planet you are on when smoking this potent bud. The strain crosses Sour Girl with the highly popular Acai Gelato, creating an indica strain that will lock you to the couch.

If you don’t live in the Bay Area, Dimepiece may be tough to find (for now). But expect to see this strain moving the wildfire across the country, as the immense THC content, sticky nugs, and fruity Gelato Flavor increase its popularity in dispensaries across the US.

#3 – ACDC

This one is for the CBD lovers out there, as ACDC has a massive CBD content and a somewhat low THC content. This strain is an offshoot of the popular CBD-loaded strain ‘Catatonic’ and has similar effects. If you are looking for an amazing pain-relieving high or are treating some form of ailment, ACDC is for you. However, don’t expect to blast off with this particular bud, as the low THC content creates more body-high and less intoxicating effects.

#2 – Wedding Cake

This indica-dominant hybrid crosses Cherry Pie with the iconic Girl Scout Cookies to create an amazing tasting strain with massive THC levels. Bred by Seed Junky Genetics, this powerful bud brings together the fruity cherry flavor of Cherry Pie with the pleasant high of GSC. The aroma of this weed is slightly reminiscent of baking cookies with a taste that is just as good. The fruit flavor from Cherry Pie is combined with the powerful cookie flavors of GSC, meaning smoking this bud may just make your mouth water.

This particular strain is excellent for anxiety relief and may help patients treat a myriad of stress-induced symptoms. If you are looking for a powerful, happy high that will promote creativity and relieve stress, give Wedding Cake a try this year.

#1 – Fat Banana

This indica-dominant hybrid strain brings together the classic OG Kush with the relatively new Chiquita Banana strain, creating a long-lasting high and delicious banana flavor. When smoking, expect strong banana flavors paired perfectly with citrus, pine and earth tones. The resulting high will be relaxed and hunger-inducing, perfect for those looking to chill out and eat some good food. If you want to try one of the best new indica strains in the US, be sure to add Fat Banana to your to-do list.

What’s your favorite strain on the list? Have you tried any other new strains you’d recommend? Let us know in the comments below!

Whether you are new to the game or have been rolling ’em up for decades, there are likely some new or reinvented strains that you have not yet tried. Due to the ever-changing nature of the cannabis cultivation industry, even classic strains we have come to cherish over the years have seen changes, whether big or small. As such, there is a myriad of

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moolah strain

Moolah strain

Strain Name: Moolah

Genetics: Og kush x Belladonna x Sensi star (Friends personal blend)

Grade: AA outdoor

Type: Indica dominate hybrid

Looks: Strong dark purple/green color many crystals 8/10

Smell: Smells piney, with a slight og kush (diesely smell)

Taste: Very heavy on the OG Kush taste. In fact its all OG Kush when it comes to the taste of this strain. If you have tasted real Og then you know.

Effects: Strong high lastin 1.5 to 2 hours

Potency: Very pleasing high, more one of those “At night” Herbs

Reviewed by: Tokentheaces

Also See These Popular Strains:

One Response to “Moolah”

[…] are a few choices: Moolah traits: anti-depressant, belladonna, California Medical Marijuana, calming, dark green, dark […]

Moolah strain Strain Name: Moolah Genetics: Og kush x Belladonna x Sensi star (Friends personal blend) Grade: AA outdoor Type: Indica dominate hybrid Looks: Strong dark

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best cannabis for migraines

Medical Marijuana and CBD Oils for Migraines

Articles On Migraine & Headache Medicines

Migraine & Headache Medicines
Migraine & Headache Medicines – Medical Marijuana and CBD Oils for Migraines
  • Drugs for Migraine and Headache Pain
  • Headache Treatments
  • Migraine Medicines
  • Nausea Drugs
  • Triptans
  • When Meds Don’t Work
  • New Migraine Treatments
  • Botox for Migraine
  • Botox Myths and Facts
  • Marijuana for Migraine

Migraine headaches can be tough to treat. If your pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light or noise don’t get better with over-the-counter or even prescription drugs, is there another option?

Marijuana might be one under-the-counter remedy for migraine relief. Some research shows that it may help ease migraine symptoms or possibly keep them from starting. But most studies haven’t found solid proof of that.

And in some states, it isn’t legal to buy, grow, own, or use marijuana, even for medical reasons. Make sure you find out about your state’s laws before trying it.

How Does Pot Ease Pain?

Marijuana is another name for cannabis, a bushy plant that’s used to make paper, rope, and other products. В В В

Inside your brain and other parts of your body, you have a network of cannabinoid receptors. These are tiny loops of protein that affect how you feel pain.

Marijuana has natural compounds called cannabinoids. When you use it, these cannabinoids go into your body and look for the receptors. They change how the receptors work, and they can calm down pain signals.В В В

Cannabinoids may also help with nausea, anxiety, muscle spasms, or other health problems.В

THC is the cannabinoid in marijuana that gets most of the attention. It’s what makes you feel high or relaxed. But another product made from cannabis called cannabidiol (CBD) doesn’t make you feel intoxicated and may help ease pain. Several states have made it legal for CBD to be used for medical reasons.

Does It Work for Migraines?

There’s not a lot of research on this. In a study at the University of Colorado, 121 people who got regular migraine headaches used marijuana daily to prevent attacks. About 40% of them said the number of migraine headaches they got each month was cut in half.

The people used different types of marijuana, but they mostly inhaled it to ease a migraine in progress and found that it did help stop the pain. Edible products didn’t seem to work as well.

The people who inhaled or smoked marijuana also said it was easier to control the amount of the drug they took in, and they had fewer negative reactions.

Continued

What Are the Risks?

If you smoke or eat marijuana, it can make you feel dizzy, weak, confused, sleepy, or moody. And smoking it on a regular basis could harm your heart and lung health over time. Short-term use doesn’t seem to be bad for your general health.

Legal Issues

Marijuana is legal for medical use in more than half the states in the U.S. But each state has different laws about how you can buy it or how much you can have. In several states, it’s still illegal to have it even if you have a medical problem that it could treat.

If you have a job, it’s a good idea to know your employer’s rules around drug testing and use, even if it’s legal for medical use in your state. Tests can tell if you have marijuana in your system. And it can stay there up to 30 days after you’ve used it.

Sources

National Headache Foundation: “Migraine.”

Baron, EP. Headache. June 2015.

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“Smoking Wet”

Abstract

Reports have suggested that the use of a dangerously tainted form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet” or “fry,” has increased. Marijuana cigarettes are dipped into or laced with other substances, typically formaldehyde, phencyclidine, or both. Inhaling smoke from these cigarettes can cause lung injuries.

We report the cases of 2 young adults who presented at our hospital with respiratory failure soon after they had smoked “wet” marijuana cigarettes. In both patients, progressive hypoxemic respiratory failure necessitated rescue therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. After lengthy hospitalizations, both patients recovered with only mild pulmonary function abnormalities.

To our knowledge, this is the first 2-patient report of severe respiratory failure and rescue therapy with extracorporeal oxygenation after the smoking of marijuana cigarettes thus tainted. We believe that, in young adults with an unexplained presentation of severe respiratory failure, the possibility of exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes should be considered.

Numerous reports on alternative forms of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can be found in multiple media forums. 1–5 Several reports indicate the increased use of marijuana cigarettes, the ingredients of which have been tainted in a potentially harmful fashion. 1–4 This altered form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet,” “illy,” or “fry,” was first reported in the 1970s and can now be procured rather readily. “Wet” cigarettes are conventional marijuana cigarettes that have been dipped into various fluids or laced with additional substances. The precise ingredients involved in this augmentation process may or may not be known by the end user. The most frequently reported method involves the dipping of marijuana into embalming fluid or formaldehyde that has been mixed with phencyclidine (PCP). 3

The exact origin of tainted marijuana cigarettes is unknown. The “wet” cigarettes reported on in the 1970s were probably laced with PCP. At that time, PCP was referred to by marijuana users and dealers as “embalming fluid.” It is postulated that drug dealers subsequently and mistakenly began using genuine embalming fluid to augment marijuana cigarettes, and that this has led to the current formulation with embalming fluid, PCP, or both. 3

Cannabis is not typically considered to be a drug that causes respiratory failure. However, exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes potentially precipitates organ failure, including respiratory failure. Exposure to PCP can increase the prevalence of life-threatening events. 3,5 Other reports about tainted marijuana cigarettes chiefly discuss their impact on the central nervous system. The effects include hallucinations, disorientation, impaired coordination, paranoia, sexual disinhibition, and visual disturbances. 3–5 We present the cases of 2 young adults who presented with severe respiratory failure—thought to be related to “wet cigarette” exposure—that necessitated therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).

Case Reports

Patient 1

A 27-year-old woman presented at another hospital with respiratory failure and seizures. Her medical history included chronic depression and alcohol and marijuana abuse, but no prior seizures. After transfer to our hospital, she was placed on mechanical ventilation at a low tidal volume, in accordance with the Acute Respiratory Distress Network (ARDSNet) protocol. 6 Drug-screening tests were positive for THC and PCP. Chest radiographs revealed bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. Computed tomograms showed areas of diffuse consolidation as well as ground-glass attenuation with superimposed inter- and intralobular septal thickening. Empiric antibiotic therapy for presumed pneumonia was started. However, investigations for infectious and noninfectious causes, including a bronchoalveolar lavage, yielded negative results. Echocardiograms showed normal cardiac function and structure. During the next 10 days, progressive respiratory failure with persistent bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates developed ( Fig. 1 ) despite attempted rescue therapies, including neuromuscular blockade, open lung ventilation, inhaled prostacyclin, and high-frequency-oscillation ventilation. Refractory hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure (Murray Lung Score, 7 4/4/2/3 = 3.25), along with evidence of distributive shock, prompted the implementation of venoarterial ECMO. The patient’s tidal volumes were 4 cc/kg with plateau pressures ranging from 40 to 45 cm H2O just before ECMO was initiated. Despite the low tidal volume and ECMO support, the patient’s course was complicated by recurrent pneumothorax and by a hemothorax that necessitated thoracotomy. After 35 days, she was weaned from ECMO support and was again placed on conventional mechanical ventilation. Tracheostomy enabled the patient to breathe room air, and she was discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation unit 65 days after her initial hospital admission. After being discharged from the rehabilitation unit, she was able to resume all activities of daily life.

Fig. 1 Patient 1. Chest radiograph at the time of ECMO cannulation shows diffuse pulmonary infiltrates bilaterally.

Six months after the patient’s initial hospitalization, she underwent pulmonary-function testing to evaluate her severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Spirometry revealed mild deficiencies in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (60%), in total lung capacity (TLC) (62%), and in diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) (70%). A chest radiograph revealed unilateral basilar scarring, consistent with the location of her recurrent pneumothoraces and hemothorax.

It was learned that the patient had been in her usual state of health before the initial hospital admission. On the night before admission, she had smoked marijuana cigarettes that had been dipped in PCP and embalming fluid.

Patient 2

A 20-year-old man with no past medical problems presented at another hospital with disorientation and hypoxemic respiratory failure. He was intubated and hemodynamically stable upon his transfer to our hospital. Chest radiographs revealed bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. Echocardiograms showed normal cardiac function and structure. Drug-screening tests were positive for THC. Investigations for infectious and noninfectious causes yielded negative results. Bronchoscopic evaluation showed mildly edematous airways and yielded a neutrophil-predominant lavage. Ventilation at low tidal volume was used, in accordance with the ARDSNet protocol. 6 During the next 11 days, progressive hypoxemic respiratory failure (Murray Lung Score, 7 3/4/3/4 = 3.5) and persistent bilateral, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates developed ( Fig. 2 ) despite neuromuscular blockade, inhaled prostacyclin therapy, open lung ventilation, and recruitment maneuvers. The patient’s tidal volumes were 5 cc/kg, with plateau pressures ranging from 30 to 35 cm H2O just before venovenous ECMO support was initiated. After 10 days, the patient was placed on conventional mechanical ventilation. He was transferred to an inpatient rehabilitation unit 35 days after his hospital admission.

Fig. 2 Patient 2. Chest radiograph at the time of ECMO cannulation shows diffuse pulmonary infiltrates bilaterally.

To follow up on the patient’s severe ARDS, his pulmonary function was tested 3 months after his discharge from the hospital. Spirometry revealed a mildly abnormal FEV1 (73%), normal TLC (84%), and normal DLCO (81%). A chest radiograph showed no evidence of parenchymal lung disease. Further information confirmed the patient’s history of marijuana abuse and his having smoked tainted marijuana cigarettes just before his initial hospitalization.

Discussion

To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of severe respiratory failure and the necessity of ECMO use in relation to the smoking of “wet” marijuana cigarettes.

Inhalation Toxicity of Tainted Marijuana Cigarettes

We think that inhalation exposure was the chief culprit in our patients’ respiratory failure, given the temporal relationship of their use of tainted marijuana and their similar clinical presentations. Both presented with progressive, severe ARDS without any obvious inciting event. Although respiratory failure relating to smoking tainted marijuana cigarettes has not been previously described, some medical literature supports the adverse effects of the typical ingredients on the respiratory system.

Marijuana use by itself has not been linked to respiratory failure; however, it has been associated with chronic respiratory problems, such as bronchitis, obstructive lung disease, and histopathologic airway changes. 8–10 The inhalation of embalming fluid has been linked to bronchitis, lung damage, and airway ulcerations. Pulmonary complications have rarely been reported in association with PCP use. 11

The most commonly reported pulmonary symptoms from formaldehyde exposure are acute bronchospasm and occupational asthma. 12–14 We found only one report of formaldehyde exposure’s causing respiratory insufficiency: Dr. John Porter described his own experience and hospital course after prolonged exposure to formaldehyde. 15 While preparing an anatomic specimen with formaldehyde, he developed progressive chest tightness and dyspnea that necessitated hospitalization and oxygen supplementation. Chest radiographs showed interstitial markings that were interpreted to be pulmonary edema. He slowly recovered with corticosteroid therapy and was without subjective symptoms 5 weeks after his hospital admission. 15

Formaldehyde exposure has toxic effects at the cellular level. Inhalation exposure results in impairment of self-repair mechanisms 16 ; in rats, varying degrees of respiratory epithelium hyperplasia and metaplasia have occurred, along with focal necrosis and epithelial thickening. 13,14,17 It is hypothesized that inhalation of formaldehyde promotes mast-cell degranulation and disrupts nitric oxide regulation. 16 This disruption may cause an alteration in both airway and vascular-tone homeostasis. The varying amounts of formaldehyde in embalming fluid, along with the varying degrees and areas of injury, might explain the range in clinical symptoms from bronchial hyperreactivity to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. 18

Specific interactions between formaldehyde and the ingredients in marijuana smoke might also warrant consideration in the pathogenesis of combined exposure. Chronic marijuana inhalation has been identified as a promoter of airway inflammation in human beings. 9,10 This underlying chronic inflammation and epithelial disruption could predispose marijuana users to further airway injury from irritants such as formaldehyde; however, the literature describing such a phenomenon is sparse.

Extracorporeal Oxygenation in Severe Respiratory Failure

Our case reports yield evidence of the value of ECMO support in severe respiratory failure. We propose that patients can recover from severe lung injury after inhaling smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes, and we recommend fairly aggressive therapy—which might include ECMO—in patients who present with single-organ failure and potentially surmountable lung injury.

Long-term pulmonary outcomes in ARDS survivors have often included abnormal pulmonary function test results, such as mild diffusion and restriction limitations. In our female patient, pulmonary tests 6 months after her hospital discharge disclosed only mild abnormalities. In our male patient, tests 3 months after his hospital discharge revealed relatively normal lung function, except for a mild decrease in spirometric values. These results appear similar to or even better than other long-term pulmonary function follow-up data in ARDS patients.

Conclusion

Our patients had similar presentations after similar temporal exposure to tainted marijuana cigarettes. We believe that smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes could be an unrecognized cause of respiratory failure in young adults who present with an otherwise unclear origin of respiratory failure and ARDS. According to the available literature, the varying quantity and quality of ingredients in marijuana cigarettes can lead to presentations that range from cough and bronchospasm to severe respiratory failure. We recommend that the inhalation of smoke from tainted marijuana cigarettes be considered as the cause of ARDS in young adults, when the clinical context suggests it.

Footnotes

Address for reprints: Christopher R. Gilbert, DO, Pulmonary, Allergy, & Critical Care Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Dr., MCH041, Hershey, PA 17033

“Smoking Wet” Abstract Reports have suggested that the use of a dangerously tainted form of marijuana, referred to in the vernacular as “wet” or “fry,” has increased. Marijuana cigarettes are