Thinking about using CBD oil for eczema? Read on to learn more about how effective using CBD for eczema can be and what are some alternative treatments. CBD oil can help eczema sufferers by reducing inflammation, pain, and itching associated with the condition. Check out the latest research on CBD and eczema — and how to use it to get the most out of your skin treatment.
CBD and Eczema: A Match Made In Heaven Or Hell?
J ust like any relationship, the connection between CBD and eczema is complicated. Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is an itchy skin condition that can creep up anywhere on the body but is usually found on the face, hands, wrists, back of the knees and/or the feet. Eczema affects millions with symptoms including “redness, irritation, dryness, flaking and itchy skin that has a rough appearance and touch,” explains California-based dermatologist Ava Shamban, M.D. “Eczema presents itself physically in a number of ways, [including] inflammation and cell proliferation.” Skin is our barrier from the outside world, and it keeps allergens, irritants, infection agents and other generally bad stuff out. Not only that but “it also wants to keep moisture in and avoid transepidermal water loss,” says Shamban. “When the barrier is not performing optimally is when we see the greatest intake of issues and the greatest loss of moisture, and the balance of the skin is part of the cause of the vicious cycle of eczema.” Atopic eczema is a chronic disease where the skin barrier has become leaky, and inflammation occurs.
Atopic eczema is a chronic disease where the skin barrier has become leaky, and inflammation occurs.
Eczema is not contagious, but doctors are not 100 percent sure of its cause. “We don’t really know its exact cause, but it is specific to genetic disposition, immune system and a potential range of environmental triggers that can cause an inflammation response which, in ‘overdrive,’ creates the physical symptoms of these conditions,” says Shamban.
Can CBD cure eczema?
According to Mary’s Nutritionals’ Chief Scientist, Jeremy Riggle, Ph.D., CBD has demonstrated the potential to help mitigate the symptoms of eczema, particularly pain, itch and inflammation. “All these responses are modulated by the endocannabinoid system, [which] plays a crucial role in skin pathogenesis and the maintenance of homeostasis,” he says. The endocannabinoid system helps regulate different processes including mood, memory, pain, appetite, stress, immune function and more. “CBD interacts with this system and may help the skin re-establish or maintain homeostasis, the result, in this case, being a reduction in symptoms associated with eczema.”
Although CBD oil is still a new industry in terms of medical applications, “it has been long observed and known since the first dermatology textbooks that cannabinoids do possess strong anti-inflammatory benefits as well as calming anti-itch properties,” says Shamban. “Until recently, there was no research to understand how and why, but it has been more ‘anecdotal reporting’ and community consensus, not clinical.” According to Shamban, CBD is not harmful against certain skin conditions, but doctors are unsure of how helpful it is. “Truthfully, there is probably a direct connection and benefit [of CBD oil for eczema], but the range of cannabis topicals in terms of type, amount and delivery systems … makes it more complicated for us as medical professionals to give accuracy on the specifics,” she says.
Based on the recent studies, we know that the interaction of the skin with a CBD-based product can inhibit cell activation on the histamine response, which, when activated, leads to intense itching and inflammation. “However, purity of product and additives or other ingredients included in the product also matter and can have a reverse effect,” she says.
CBD purity: How does this affect eczema, if at all?
When purchasing a CBD product to treat eczema, Riggle suggests asking yourself a few questions. “For example, ‘What type of CBD extract does it contain — full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, isolate?’, ‘Where is the raw material sourced from?’, ‘Does the producer use organic and sustainable agricultural practices?’, etc.” Riggle also adds, “If you don’t use a high-quality CBD product, you risk exposure to pesticides, heavy metals, residual solvents and possible skin irritation due to these contaminants.” In other words, do your research.
The next question is whether an ingestible CBD oil or topical product containing CBD will help treat eczema better. “In my opinion, I think it is better to apply a moisturizing product that contains CBD as opposed to straight CBD oil,” explains Riggle. “The other ingredients will work together with CBD to help treat the symptoms of eczema — plus, pure CBD oil tends to be highly viscous and would be difficult to apply.”
Shamban also agrees. “Ingesting the product has to get through the entire digestive system to work inside out for inflammatory issues, whereas topically you can target the dermal cellular level if the product is pure and able to penetrate.”
What are the alternatives to treating eczema?
Although CBD oil is considered harmless, there is not enough evidence or studies to back up its true effectiveness in treating eczema. There are many other ingredients on the market that can help treat and prevent eczema, including ceramides. “Ceramides are lipids found in our skin that help retain moisture and keep the barrier function working,” explains Shamban.
Creams containing ceramides, like the Sunday Riley Ice Ceramide Moisturizing Cream($65), are a great defense against transepidermal water loss and eczema. “Our stratum corneum layer of skin has exceptionally high concentrations of natural ceramides, so creams commonly formulated with ceramides and advanced delivery systems to penetrate or release the ingredients into the skin cells certainly help to utilize particles in our cells [microspheres] to absorb and bind to the ingredients, keeping our skin cells balanced and performing,” says Shamban.
CBD Oil for Eczema: Does It Help?
The nature of some ailments can be a pain in the neck. When you suffer from a condition like eczema, you’re often left with nothing but begging for a miracle cure that could get you out of the trouble for good. Those with eczema usually don’t respond to OTC supplements and medications, and lifestyle changes are usually effective in the short-term perspective.
Eczema can make your life miserable, so it’s no wonder people are on the lookout for a remedy that will make the condition at least manageable — but without the dangerous side effects of pharmaceutical treatments.
There have been a lot of stories in the media about people using CBD cream for eczema with great success. Although CBD isn’t a magical pill for any condition, research suggests there are enough reasons to believe in its effectiveness for skin health.
Today we dive deeper into the positive effects of CBD on eczema.
What Is Eczema?
Eczema is a broad term describing a range of skin conditions that can cause the skin to dry out, leading to irritation, pain, itching patches, and taking a serious toll on one’s quality of life.
In its mild stadium, eczema has very little impact on a person’s life — it typically comes and goes away. However, chronic cases of eczema may cause crippling pain and heavy mental stress, which sometimes requires hospitalization.
There are several subgroups of eczema, including discoid eczema which creates disk-like patches on the skin, or contact dermatitis where the skin shows a reaction to anything it comes into contact with, e.g. using a particular type of clothing or skincare products.
Researchers are yet to understand the underlying cause of eczema, but there’s a consensus that the most common cause of the condition is an allergy. A person may be allergic to soaps and detergents or to a particular animal such as a dog or cat.
Eczema can also be caused by infections or reactions to extreme temperatures. Some scientists hypothesize that eczema stems from a weakened immune system, which can be further deteriorated by high stress.
When you go through a tough period in your life, such as the loss of a loved one, divorce, or serious stress at work, your symptoms may get worse during that time. According to some dermatologists, eczema and other skin conditions are triggered by psychological factors because the skin is interrelated with our emotions.
To help you understand the context when you feel embarrassed, your skin goes red. This is a result of a brief dilation of blood vessels in your skin as a response to a surge of stress. It’s nothing wrong when it happens from time to time, but if a subtler version of that stress affects you on a regular basis, it can change the blood flow to the skin. This, in turn, may cause eczema. Worse yet, it often appears weeks or months after the stress has disappeared, so people typically don’t associate it with stress.
Despite its appearance, eczema can’t be passed between two people.
People with eczema experience some common symptoms regardless of their type. The signs of eczema include:
- Itchy skin
- Rough scaly patches
- Fluid-filled blisters
There are a few conventional treatments for eczema. Let’s discuss their effectiveness, pitfalls, and how they compare to CBD oil.
Treating eczema is easier said than done despite the recent advancements in the skincare market over the last decade. Eczema penetrates the barrier of the skin, making it unable to retain the moisture it needs to protect itself against outside factors, such as allergens, common skin irritants, and stressors.
For that reason, creams formulated to treat eczema are thicker and contain both moisturizing, humectant, and protective ingredients.
Humectants including glycerin and hyaluronic acid support the hydration of the skin. Other ingredients, such as ceramides, petrolatum, and colloidal oatmeal, support the skin’s resistance to irritants, repairing its barrier and preventing breakouts.
You may also consider moisturizing products with higher oil content. Such creams have a greasy texture but typically work better for eczema due to creating a thicker barrier. This extra layer prevents the skin from losing moisture and keeps irritants at a safe distance.
That’s why people often choose ointments as their go-to treatment for eczema. Other potentially viable solutions include petroleum jelly, aloe vera gel, and mineral oils, although the last two products may feel pretty miserable when you apply them.
Finally, there are some ingredients you want to avoid at all costs, some of which may even trigger eczema. If your skin is sensitive to irritants, you should steer clear of fragrances, retinol, and exfoliating acids, such as lactic, salicylic, and glycolic acids. They may worsen the irritation and cause the skin to dry out. Lotions are another big no-no, as they tend to evaporate quickly, taking away the moisture from your skin, resulting in more damage.
Does CBD Oil Help With Eczema?
Anti-eczema medications usually have a high-risk profile. People have often been prescribed steroid creams and a whole lot of anti-inflammatory and antihistamine pills, both of which can deteriorate your symptoms over time.
That’s why so many eczema sufferers are desperately looking for an alternative treatment. Some of them get used to living with a higher vulnerability to allergens, bacteria, and irritants, as well as with a damaged skin barrier.
Introducing dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, and devoting more time to your skincare routine may help with the management of eczema to some extent. Supplementation with natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatories may not only improve the appearance of your skin but also reach some of the potential causes of eczema.
This is where CBD oil fits in.
There’s a growing body of evidence supporting CBD’s efficacy for an array of skin conditions, including eczema. Current findings are very promising — below we explain them in detail.
CBD Benefits for the Skin: Research Overview
People with eczema have to deal with several fundamental issues, all of which can lower their quality of life, from work to social interactions.
Dryness of the skin, inflammation, itching and vulnerability to bacterial infections are the common symptoms of eczema.
Here we explain how CBD may help:
- Skin Inflammation – inflammation is inevitable in the body’s attempt to heal itself from the damage in the tissues. It’s a natural response of the immune system to the onset of an injury or infection. However, when the immune system starts to act out, inflammation becomes chronic — and that’s the problem. CBD has been shown to effectively curb inflammation by interacting with white blood cells such as microglial cells and macrophages that trigger inflammation. CBD also stimulates glycine receptors, lowering chronic inflammatory pain (1–2).
- Psoriasis – CBD helps the body maintain homeostasis in the skin, taking care of the balance between all processes within it. Poor skin health is linked to psoriasis, dermatitis, pigmentation disorders, and eczema. Besides its anti-inflammatory effects, CBD creams can help alleviate symptoms of psoriasis by reducing itching by activating CB2 receptors on the site of the nerve fibers. This, in turn, modulates itching signals and soothes the skin (3).
- Acne – According to a 2014 study, CBD exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes, which are responsible for the production of oils inside the skin (4). For one, CBD can make the skin feel and look less greasy. When it comes to reducing inflammation, it may prevent acne breakouts and speed up their healing, contributing to faster regeneration.
How to Use CBD for Eczema
The best approach to a CBD treatment for eczema is to combine oral and topical forms of application.
Full-spectrum CBD oil is thought to produce the best results. Using a whole-plant extract allows you to effectively restore the body’s homeostasis through the interaction with the endocannabinoid system and immune system. And since stress is a key player in many skin problems, taking care of yourself from within is one way to tackle the issue.
Rubbing a CBD cream to the irritated area causes the CBD to engage with the skin’s cannabinoid receptors to help lower inflammation, reduce itching, irritation, and pain. Therefore, a combination of high-quality CBD oil and cream can provide relief for eczema patients.
Let’s explore your CBD options for eczema.
CBD Oil for Eczema
CBD oil is taken sublingually, meaning you take it beneath your tongue. This product is made from a high-CBD hemp extract and inert oil such as MCT oil or hemp seed oil to boost the bioavailability of CBD. The oil is poured into glass bottles and locked with a dropper for easy and accurate dosing. To apply CBD oil, you need to place the desired dose under the tongue, waiting for around 60 seconds until it absorbs through the capillaries in your mouth.
CBD Pills for Eczema
CBD concentrated pills are another common form of CBD preferred by those who need their daily dose on the go and don’t have the time to use a dropper and measure out their doses. Each capsule contains a fixed amount of CBD, taking the guesswork away. This product has a delayed onset because it needs to pass through the digestive system first. On the other hand, they are more convenient than oils and don’t leave the earthy, botanical aftertaste in the mouth.
CBD Vape Pen for Eczema
CBD vape pens contain CBD oil thinned down with ingredients like vegetable glycerin or propylene glycol. They offer the fastest way to experience the calming and soothing effects of CBD. When inhaled, the CBD enters the bloodstream using the tissues in your lungs. Since there’s no first-pass metabolism in the liver, the effects are often felt within minutes after inhalation. However, they last shorter than oils and capsules, so you’ll need to reapply them for consistent results.
CBD Cream for Eczema
As mentioned, CBD creams for eczema are designed to target localized discomfort. They usually contain a full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD extract, a fat base such as coconut oil, olive oil, or shea butter, and supportive ingredients that the manufacturer used to enhance the benefits of CBD. To use a CBD cream, you need to apply it to the affected area and wait for several minutes until it penetrates the skin, reaching its epidermis layer. From there, it will engage with the cannabinoid receptors in it, relieving the symptoms of eczema. The effects and their duration may vary between individuals. They often require another use throughout the day to provide consistent results.
How to Choose the Right CBD Product for Eczema
If you’re looking for the best CBD product for eczema, you need to be aware of the lack of regulations on the market. There are many great companies selling high-quality CBD oils and creams, but there’s an equal number of brands that aren’t afraid to churn out mediocre products that are often mislabeled.
Here are a few tips to help you out:
- Purchase from reputable brands – trustworthy CBD companies list the CBD content in milligrams, add dosage instructions, and provide a clear description of the product that defines its purpose. There’s no marketing fluff, just hard data supported with the language of benefits.
- Look for Certificates of Analysis (COA) – every company has the option to send a batch of its product to a third-party laboratory for content analysis. The certificate of analysis will tell you how much CBD is in your product and whether or not it contains any potentially dangerous ingredients, such as pesticides, microbial impurities, or heavy metals. Companies that don’t publish these lab reports should be avoided.
- Read the label carefully – companies use many roundabout terms ‘assure’ the customer they’re buying a CBD-infused product, while in fact, it contains no CBD at all. Don’t buy products that state “hemp oil” or “hemp extracts”, or “cannabis Sativa seed oil”; the only INCI-compliant name for CBD is cannabidiol.
- Buy CBD creams in stable containers – avoid clear jars, transparent bottles, or any container that increases CBD’s exposure to air and light. These two factors cause CBD to degrade and lose strength.
- Choose full-spectrum CBD – products labeled as ‘full-spectrum’ contain an extract that was sourced from the whole plant. As such, they contain all of the naturally found compounds in hemp. To put it simply, the supportive compounds in CBD oil, such as other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, boost the efficacy of CBD oil and strengthen its health benefits. If the traces of THC in full-spectrum CBD make you feel afraid of the product, you can look for a broad-spectrum extract or CBD isolate.
Other Natural Remedies for Eczema
Effective as it is, CBD is only part of a successful anti-eczema treatment. Adding exercise and stress-management techniques is a great way to improve blood flow to the skin and reduce stress. Controlling your stress hormones is essential to help your body cope with daily triggers.
Another important step is to cut down on processed foods, especially sugar, mass-produced snacks, wheat pasta, and bread. Consult a holistic doctor or clinical dietician and ask them about the paleo or keto diet, where nutrient-dense ingredients and healthy fats replace junk food that drains vitality from you. It’s also a good idea to include some fermented food, such as yogurt, kimchi, or sauerkraut.
Fermented food helps stabilize the gut microbiome, which is of paramount importance when it comes to ridding your body out of toxins. Otherwise, the body will try to excrete them through the skin, contributing to eczema and general skin irritation.
As a matter of fact, the gut is the potential therapeutic target for many civilizational conditions, so make sure to treat it with the right type of food, fermented products, and high-quality probiotic supplements.
If you notice that eczema appears after you get in contact with any particular allergen, it’s best to avoid exposure to it. Last but not least, using organic cosmetics, toothpaste, shampoos, and soaps that don’t contain parabens, sulfates, and other skin irritants can help you avoid the deterioration of your symptoms. You can find such products in organic food stores.
Summarizing the use of CBD Oil for Eczema
CBD is a promising compound for many skin conditions, including eczema. It is also used to treat the appearance of scars due to this condition, particularly in spots that have been infected and then healed. The cannabinoid itself has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, not to mention that it is supported by other compounds found in cannabis, such as the minor cannabinoids and terpenes. According to some anecdotal reports, it’s possible to go into full remission after consistently supplementing CBD oil. Preclinical studies are also touting CBD’s potential to balance the skin’s homeostasis and soothe irritation.
The potential advantages of CBD for eczema include higher efficacy and a better safety profile than conventional treatments. However, keep in mind that CBD products are unregulated in the United States, so carefully research your prospects before spending your hard-earned money on a herbal supplement such as CBD oil. Always check online reviews and ask for third-party lab reports to make a well-informed decision.
If you’re thinking about adding CBD oil or cream to your skincare routine, make sure to visit a knowledgeable dermatologist who will have some practice in treating skin conditions using natural resources. Doing so will help you figure out the right dosage range for your situation and avoid potential interactions with anti-eczema medications.
- Burstein, Sumner. “Cannabidiol (CBD) and its analogs: a review of their effects on inflammation.” Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry vol. 23,7 (2015): 1377-85. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2015.01.059
- Nagarkatti, Prakash et al. “Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs.” Future medicinal chemistry vol. 1,7 (2009): 1333-49. doi:10.4155/fmc.09.93
- Mounessa, J.S. et al. “The role of cannabinoids in dermatology.” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol 77,1 (2017): 188-190.
- Oláh, Attila, et al. “Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes.” The Journal of clinical investigation vol. 124,9 (2014): 3713-24. doi:10.1172/JCI64628
Livvy is a registered nurse (RN) and board-certified nurse midwife (CNM) in the state of New Jersey. After giving birth to her newborn daughter, Livvy stepped down from her full-time position at the Children’s Hospital of New Jersey. This gave her the opportunity to spend more time writing articles on all topics related to pregnancy and prenatal care.