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Direct Sunlight Plant Care

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ABUTILON – Flowering Maple – Chinese Lantern

Known as the Chinese Lantern because of it’s pendant umbrella shaped blooms, the flowering maple has long been cultivated as a fast-growing, easy to care for plant. Although naturally suited to outdoor conditions is will also do well in a large sunny window. The plants are rapid growers and may need repotting mid-year. Use a standard potting soil and don’t be afraid to prune back, as this plant has a tendency to get leggy.

LIGHT / TEMPERATURE: Abutilons like high light and average temperature. Keep the soil evenly moist from spring to fall. During the winter (it’s resting period) only water enough to keep the soil from drying out completely. It also likes cooler temperatures during it’s rest period. Around 55 degrees is ideal.

FERTILIZER: If your plant is kept outdoors it benefits from being fertilized weekly. If it is indoors or in cooler conditions it needs less fertilizer.

The best way to propagate an Abutilon is by stem cuttings. Seasonal plant most often available in 8+” hanging baskets, sometimes in 4″ pots, usually in the spring of the year.

AEONIUM, a Succulent

Aeoniums are considered succulents. They bear rosettes of leaves in colors that can range from yellow, green, burgundy and almost black.

LIGHT: They like plenty of light so a sunny windowsill is perfect.

TEMPERATURES: Provide average household temperatures from spring through fall with a cool (50°) winter. These plants also like a 10-15° degree difference between night and day temperatures.

WATER: During warm weather, water more often. Decrease watering during the winter to once per month for some varieties. Misting is not required however during the summer, your succulents will appreciate fresh air from an open window.

These plants are occasionally available in 3″ or 4″ pots. Less often, they are grown in 6″ pots.

Afrocarpus gracilior – Podocarpus – African Fern Pine – Buddhist Pine

The PODOCARPUS plant has its origins in mountainous areas of south and southeast African equatorial regions. It is a slow-growing coniferous tree which reaches heights of 60 feet or more in its natural habitat. It is distinguished by its medium green, needle-like leaves and weeping growth habit. This is an excellent plant for interiorscapers and homeowners alike. Its lush growth and almost artificial-looking leaves add grace and charm to many locations.

LIGHT: A. gracilior will tolerate light as low as 100 footcandles, but prefers bright, filtered light in the 250-500 footcandle range.

TEMPERATURE: This plant will grow satisfactorily in temperatures between 65° and 75°F but will be just as happy in temperatures as low as 50°F. Growth will be slowed at temperatures below that.

WATER: This plant is a heavy water user. It should never be allowed to dry to a wilt as it may not recover. Water when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. Feed sparingly with a general purpose plant food.

Because this plant dislikes frequent repotting, every year or two remove the top few inches of soil yearly and replace with fresh mix.

Algerian Ivy

Algerian Ivy is one of the most versatile ivies available. It has larger leaves than a typical “English” ivy. It is more drought tolerant, bug resistant, and is more adaptable to warmer temperatures than its “English” counterpart. You will find Algerian ivy in deep green and green and white varigations. They grow well in outdoor summer plantings mixed with annuals. We have grown them in mixed hanging baskets with spider plants with great success.

Its large leaves and reddish stem lend it well to larger topiaries and trellis forms. [We had a 10″ green algerian trellis in the office that we torture-tested in very low light levels (20 footcandles). It did very well considering it was watered on average once a month. It even put on new leaves at this light level. ]

LIGHT: This plant thrives in medium to bright light. Even in lower light conditions it can survive and grow. Varigated forms will keep their color if given bright conditions.

TEMPERATURE: This plant grows well in average household temperatures and as high as 90° if shaded. It will survive temperatures as low as 40° if it is not overwatered.

WATER: Keep this plant evenly moist with slight dry-down between waterings. It is important to water carefully in low light and cool environments. Algerian ivy uses less water when cool and dark, as do most plants.

Algerian ivy is usually available in 4″ and 6″ pots as well as 8″ hanging baskets. It is also available at times trellised in 10″ pots and occasionally as topiaries.

ALLAMANDA – Golden Trumpet

Allamandas originate in South America, mainly in Brazil. It is a robust, shrubby tropical plant with long, whorled, waxy, leaves. The flowers are beautiful yellow, funnel-shaped trumpets.

LIGHT:The Allamanda does best as an outdoor or patio plant. Bring plant indoors over the winter. It is a most successful bloomer in a bright sunny location with at least 4 hours of direct sunlight per day.

TEMPERATURE: Allamandas like warm temperatures of no less than 60 degrees at night and daytime temperatures of 70° or higher.

WATER: Keep the soil moist and fertilize every two weeks during the growing season, less or no food the rest of the year. Water moderately during the growing season and sparingly in the winter.

Take stem cuttings to propagate in early spring. Use a rooting hormone and provide bottom heat. Prune the branches back in the early spring to keep growth tight and thick.

A seasonal spring and summer plant, this is most often seen in 6″ and 10″ pots.

ALOE VERA – Medicine Plant

Aloe vera is a member of the Lily family and there are many different varieties. It is a succulent plant, which means that it stores water in its tissues causing it to be an easy, low maintenance ornamental plant for the home.

Native to dry tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas, the Aloe has become very popular world wide, and for good reason. Its many medicinal and cosmetic uses have become well known. Since about 2,000 BC, the properties of Aloe have been utilized by cultures around the world as aids to health and beauty. Reported benefits of both external and internal uses are countless. Perhaps the best established benefit is the soothing and healing of burns. Today aloe vera is used in many commercial products including cosmetics, health foods and sun tan products.

SOIL / WATER: Use a well-drained soil and avoid standing water around the roots which will cause rot. Water generously, then wait until the soil approaches dryness before watering again. Use fertilizer sparingly and only during the warm months.

TEMPERATURE / LIGHT: As mentioned, Aloe is native to tropical climates, but it will do well in colder climates if protected from freezing temperatures. These plants prefer some shade, although they will withstand full sun if acclimated.

As an Aloe plant matures its beauty will be further enhanced by its blossom. A stalk of usually orange flowers arises from the plant’s center.

This plant is quite often available, mostly in 3″, 4″ and 6″ pot sizes.

Anthurium

Anthuriums are often called “tail flowers” or “flamingo flowers.” They have large waxy petals with a tail in the center and are available in many colors. These exotic blooms last for many weeks with a long flowering season, usually from spring to late summer in the right conditions.

Anthuriums need just a bit more care than many of your other plants. They enjoy a warm atmosphere of high humidity, so the foliage should be misted occasionally during the dryness of winter.

WATER: Don’t overwater. These plants like to be kept slightly on the dry side and never allowed to become soggy. Suggested watering is once weekly or as needed to keep the soil from drying out. You should decrease water during cooler, non-blooming periods.

TEMPERATURE / LIGHT: While antheriums are more tolerant of cool temperatures than you might think, they will grow faster and produce more flowers if given bright light and warm temperatures between 68° and 86° days.

Don’t over fertilize. Too much food may reduce growth and flowers. A general purpose fertilizer mixed at half the recommended strength will help to encourage continuous blooming, but be sure to provide sufficient drainage and an occasional “soil flushing” to help prevent a salt buildup in the soil.

Repot in the spring every 2 or 3 years as needed. Propagate by dividing the plant at repotting time. Anthuriums may be found in 4″, 6″ or 8″ and sometimes 10″ pot sizes.

ARALIA – Polyscia

Most Aralias appear to be oriental trees with twisted stems and attractive foliage. They make excellent specimen plants, however large plants get quite expensive. When available, it is more economical to buy a smaller plant and care for it properly although it will take years to develop the gnarly trunks you will see in the larger specimen plants. There are several varieties including the Balfour (green or varigated, round leaves); Parsley (ruffled, roundish, short leaves); Ming with it’s lacy, delicate leaves and the common False Aralia which some say resembles marijuana.

Aralias can be finicky plants if proper conditions are not met. Most Aralias like it warm and bright. They also prefer high humidity.

LIGHT / TEMPERATURE: Provide bright light such as an east or west window out of direct sun. Place it where it stays warm, at least 55° in the winter. Grouping plants together on humidity trays and/or using a humidifier will keep the humidity at an acceptable level. Avoid cold drafts and don’t move Aralia plants around as that will cause them to shock and have to re-acclimate

WATER: Water plants moderately from spring to fall and less in winter. Allow to dry slightly between waterings. Do not allow the plants to become soggy. Mist leaves in the morning to help maintain humidity.

These beautiful, graceful plants can be found in 4″ pots but are most often available in 6″ and 8″ pots. Specimens of most varieties (the most expensive) can be had in 10″ or 12″ pots

BACOPA

Bacopa, a spring and summer annual is a favorite among many gardeners. It is grown often in hanging baskets where it blooms profusely and continuously with white, lavendar, yellow, and a growing number of other color flowers, depending on variety. This plant is especially attractive when grown in combination with other annuals like petunia and verbena.

LIGHT: This is a sun-loving plant but will also thrive in slight shade. Privide the brightest location available in the house such as a bright sunroom on the east, south or west side of the house. It will do best outdoors in a bright location.

WATER: Water thoroughly and often while in heaviest growth and hot weather. Fertilize continuously to extend blooming period.

This outdoor plant is seldom available in 10″ hanging baskets in mid to late Spring

Black Pagoda

A cousin to the Lipstick, the colorful and durable Black Pagoda plant with its thick leathery leaves and orange blooms will add flamboyant color to any plant collection. Its leaves are green with darker green veins on top and purple underneath. It grows slowly, but when it matures, it wows you with its clusters of bright yellow-orange blooms. Several years ago we had a few of these in our booth at a Florist convention. When passers by saw them, they wanted one immediately. The contrasting colors are very exotic and attractive. What’s even better, they are very easy to grow.

LIGHT: Black Pagodas do well in bright light, even with some sun. We grow them unshaded in our greenhouses from June to November. I have even seen them bloom under bright, artificial light.

TEMPERATURE: Average household temperatures are fine. This plant does well in temperatures as high as 90° and as low as 50° provided watering is carefully monitored.

WATER: This plant prefers to dry down some between waterings. The surface of the soil should feel dry before watering. Water less in lower temperatures and more in hot, dry conditions.

These plants are grown in 8″ and 10″ hanging baskets. They are available in late fall.

Blueberries

Blueberries are always a welcome addition to any fruit salad, fruit smoothie, muffin or pancake recipe, or pie. The trick to having luscious fruit is having the right growing conditions for them. These are perennial plants that can be grown in your garden or berry patch.

Plant several plants in an area for good pollination as blueberries are not self pollinating.

LIGHT: Blueberries like a lot of sun so provide an unobstructed location

SOIL: Blueberries prefer a soil of acidity between 4.09 and 5.0 with plenty of drainage.

FERTILIZER: Use ammonium sulfate or Rhododendron or Azalea fertilizer. This will help maintain the proper acidity

This plant is seasonally available in the spring of the year in 10″ pots.

BOUGAINVILLEA

Bougainvillea originates from Brazil and is also called the “paper flower.” If you have ever been to Southern California or Hawaii you have undoubtedly noticed the Bougainvillea’s bright flowers.

The flowers, which are abundant in the summer, form in threes and are very vivid and bright. The branches are woody, sometimes of a climbing nature, and form large spines or thorns, so be careful when transporting, handling or repotting them.

LIGHT: This plant requires plenty of sun. It will do better outdoors in warm climates, but it can survive cold winters on a sunny window sill.

WATER: During the summer the Bougainvillea needs plenty of water during the spring and summer and significantly less water during the winter. It will tolerate drought-like conditions and prefers to be kept cooler during the winter. Bougainvillea need plenty of nourishment during the growing season.

This is a real eye-catcher and definitely has summer written all over it.

These seasonal plants are available in 10″ or larger pot sizes

BURRO’S TAIL – Sedum Morganianum

A striking specimen, the Burro’s Tail has stout, pendant stems that can be 5 feet or more when mature. They are covered with short, thick blue/green or apple-green, succulent leaves.

A problem with this plant comes when you want to move it. You may loose some leaves and some length. The best way is to buy a young plant, find your ideal location and then leave it there to mature.

WATER / TEMPERATURE: Burro’s Tail is a succulent plant which means you should let it dry down before thorough watering. Reduce water and maintain cooler temperatures during the winter months. Be careful not to overwater as too much water will cause leaves to fall off or stems to rot off.

LIGHT: Provide bright light. Some direct morning sunlight is beneficial but be careful of the hot summer sun.

CACTUS

There are many varieties of cacti from barrels to uprights and from very thorny to very hairy.

Many of the cacti will bloom although most of them need to be about 3 years old and pot-bound to bloom. They need good care in the growing season and neglect and cool temperatures (50 degrees) in the winter.

LIGHT: Cacti like a sunny location, especially in the winter. In a greenhouse location they may need some shading from the sun.

WATER: Cacti store water in their thick fleshy stems or leaves, therefore they can tolerate a great deal of neglect. The hardest thing for a cactus to tolerate is too much water. During the winter they need only enough water to keep them from shriveling.

When repotting cactus use a pot that is only slightly larger that the one you’re removing it from. Repot in the spring at the beginning of the growing season.

Cacti can be propagated from cuttings. It is best to do this in the spring or early summer. You should let the cutting dry for 3 – 10 days before placing in a light compost.

Cacti are readily available in 3″ or 4″ pots. On a seasonal basis, they are available in larger pot sizes.

CALAMONDIN ORANGE – Citrus mitis

This miniature citrus tree is known for flowering and bearing fruit at the same time, providing the home grower with an abundant display of deliciously scented flowers, green fruit and orange fruit simultaneously. Of the citrus family, this is best suited for indoor growth, as most of the other citrus varieties tend to be be very large before fruiting.

TEMPERATURE: To produce fruit, these plants, with their medium-green glossy leaves, will need warm temps, not below 50° in the winter.

LIGHT: They need a bright, sunny location with moderate humidity.

WATER: Water moderately all year round. Mist the leaves occasionally.

Repot if necessary in the spring when new growth is getting started.

These plants are available in 6″ or 7″ pots on a seasonal basis. For the last couple of years they have been in quarantine from U.S. shores to prevent the infestation of domestic fruit crops with insects not native to this country. This means there is a shortage of these plants to the point of being almost nonexistent

CALLA LILY

With origins in South Africa, Calla Lilies are herbaceous perennials that are grown from tubers. They are known for their showy blooms in shades of white, pink and yellow. The long, lance-shaped leaves are smooth, medium green, sometimes spotted with white. Callas will bloom in a bright location for 4 weeks indoors and 4 to 6 weeks outdoors in late spring or early summer.

LIGHT: Give them a bright, sunny location but protect from a hot windowsill.

TEMPERATURE: They prefer temperatures in the 60° to 80° range.

WATER: Allow soil to dry slightly between waterings. Soil that is too wet will cause the tuber to rot. Fertilize regularly.

Allow container plants to dry down in the fall and protect from freezing temperatures. Replant in spring, keeping the temperatures above 60°.

Remove spent blossoms to direct energy to the plant instead of seed production.

This seasonal plant is often available in the spring in 4″ and 6″ pots

CARNATION – Dianthus

Sugar N Spice and Feeling Pink are two varieties of Carnation known to be more durable than most. They have a spicy scent and loads of flowers in shades of pink or white.

LIGHT: Carnations prefer bright light and air movement.

WATER: Water in the mornings and never allow to wilt. Keep soil moist at all times.

TEMPERATURE: Carnations will tolerate temperatures from 45 – 76 degrees but ideal is around 60 degrees.

Remove older flowers to encourage continued blooming. These carnations can be planted as a summer garden plant and should be considered an annual.

Seasonal availability is in 4″ or 6″ pots

CATTLEYA Orchid

Cattleyas are among the most easily recognized orchids. Like most other orchids, they are epiphytes, or air plants growing on trees in their native habitat. They have well-developed water storage organs called psuedobulbs, and large, fleshy roots. The flowers are usually large and showy. Depending on variety, they may come in almost any color from whites to pastels to bright, vivid oranges, reds and yellows. Cattleyas are used extensively in intergeneric hybridization.

LIGHT: Cattleyas like bright light, even some sun. In the home this translates to a sunny east, west or lightly shaded south window. Foliage should be a medium olive-green color. Dark green, limp foliage indicates too little light. Always provide for plenty of air circulation, especially in high light situations as this helps cool the leaves.

TEMPERATURE: Mature plants need a 15-20°F temperature difference between night and day. Provide night temperatures from 55° to 60° and day temperatures of 70° to 85°. Higher temperatures can be tolerated if shade, humidity and air circulation are increased. Younger, seedling sized plants require temperatures 5 to 10° higher than mature plants.

WATER: Mature plants must dry out between waterings. Depending on the potting mix and size of pot, this means once or twice per week watering. Provide 50-60% humidity. Humidity can be increased by placing plants on a humidity tray or on a tray of pebbles partially filed with water. Never allow the plant to sit directly in water. Feed with a balanced orchid fertilizer at 1/2 recommended strength at every watering. Flush with clear water monthly to remove excess salts.

Repot every two years in the spring when new growth begins. Use a porous mix that allows for good aeration and drainage. Use a pot that will allow for 2 years’ growth.

Cattleyas are seldom available or on a very limited basis, usually in 5″ clay pots

CHENILLE PLANT – Acalypha Hispida Sandew

This native of India is also known as the Foxtail, Firetail, or the Caterpillar plant.

The Chenille is a striking tropical shrub with broad, ovate, bright green, hairy leaves. This plant produces bright crimson flowers lacking petals, in long slender, pendant spikes resembling tassels of red chenille.

The Chenille blooms heavily in the summer.

TEMPERATURE / LIGHT: Warmth,bright light, humidity and rich soils are required for the best tassel development. Fertilized soils may also help during propagation.

WATER: Moderate watering is suggested about twice weekly, allowing for environmental factors. This is a fast grower. Cuttings may be taken during the late winter and early spring.

The flower on the chenille is quite unusual and this hanging basket will bring plenty of oohs and aaahs!It is often treated like an annual which can be grown with other plants in outdoor container gardens.

This seasonal plant has limited availability in the spring only in 4″ pots or in 8″ hanging baskets.

CITRUS

A welcome addition to any avid houseplant lover, Citrus trees do more than just look nice. They produce real fruit that is edible, just like the ones at the store. There are many varieties available and there may be multiple types available of some varieties.

The following care is for Lemons, Grapefruit, Limes, Oranges and Tangerines.

LIGHT: Citrus need plenty of direct sunlight. They do very well outdoors during the summer months. In the winter they need a sunny room or a southern-exposed window.

WATER: In general summertime watering should be almost daily, but note the fruiting time for each variety. When they start to flower, increase watering and feeding and upon the setting of fruit, daily nourishment will have to be supplied.

As to the height and placement of these plants, they can be somewhat “top-heavy” so you may want to anchor the pot a bit by placing it in a heavy, solid container such a a cement or redwood pot. Staking may also be necessary, especially for fruit laden, overweight branches. Plan for wind and protect your plant accordingly. When bringing indoors after being outside for the summer don’t forget to spray for pests a couple times first, using a product recommended for food crops. And place the tree in a south facing window so that maybe you can enjoy fruit year round!

The term “ever-bearing” means the tree can bear fruit at any time of the year as opposed to those that have a particular “fruiting season”. Check the plant tag regarding the fruiting season for your particular tree. Be patient and with good light and consistent watering and feeding, you’ll get fruit.

There is a relatively short season in the spring when these are available in 11″ pots. Bear in mind these trees are grown with the orchard in mind. This means they will not be nice and symmetrical, but rather they will have a wilder character to their look

Crassula ‘Calico Kitten

This succulent is a great hanging basket that will add an element of interest to anyt patio or porch. It has small, spade-shape leaves that trail from the pot as the plant matures. Like all succulents, it should be handled with care since the leave and branches are fragile and will break off easily when handled excessively.

LIGHT: This plant loves bright light, even full sunlight. Place is a bright location where there will be several hours of full sun during the day.

TEMPERATURE: This is a perennial that is hardy to Zone 10. This means it must not be allowed to go below freezing. It does best if kept at or above 55°F.

WATER: Drench the soil then allow to dry almost completely before drenching again. Do NOT allow the plant to sit in water.

Not intended for human or animal consumption.
This plant is most often available in 8″ hanging baskets

CROWN OF THORNS – Euphorbia E. Meliu

Crown of Thorns gets it’s name from it’s resemblance to the crown Jesus wore. It is an old favorite and is an excellent choice for a sunny window sill. There are several color varieties ranging from yellow, to pinks to crimson.

TEMPERATURE: They like an average home temperature but not below 55 degrees.

LIGHT: Give them as much light as possible but shade them from the hot summer sun. Crown of thorns will tolerate less light but they may not flower. This plant is very temperamental to darkness. If it has been packaged for a few days you will probably notice yellowing and some dropping of the leaves. The plant is not damaged and will be fine within about 2 weeks.

WATER: Allow soil to become slightly dry between waterings during the summer months. Water sparingly during the winter. Too little water will cause the leaves to drop.

Fertilize monthly from early Spring through Summer. Do not fertilize at all during the winter months.

Crown of Thorns normally blooms from early spring to midsummer but if it is in a brightly lit spot, it can bloom almost all year. The length of the flowering season depends on the light intensity. When it’s in bloom you can water a Crown of Thorns more often. Keeping the soil just a little moist helps it hold it’s blossoms

Considered a specialty plant, these are most often grown in 4″ pots and once in a great while you might find a variety with variegated leaves!

YMBIDIUM Orchid

On the West Coast of the U.S. and in other cool-summer areas with no severe frost, Cymbidiums are among the most popular of spring flowering Orchids. There, they are often grown as garden plants and usually bloom in late winter or early spring. They produce striking sprays of long-lasting blooms which can be used as cut flowers. Cymbidiums are terrestrial orchids and require a moisture-retentive, well-draining mix such as fir bark. If given the cooler temperatures they require to flourish and bloom, these plants can be grown successfully as houseplants.

LIGHT: Very bright light is important for healthy, blooming plants. This means partial to full sun in in cooler climates and partial shade in warmer climates. In full-sun environments, be sure to provide for plenty of air movement to cool sun-lit leaves.

TEMPERATURE: Mature plants need cool night temperatures in late summer to bloom. Provide night temperatures of 50° to 60° and day temperatures of 70° to 85°. Cymbidiums can tolerate extreme temperatures from the high 30’s, to the high 90’s if shading, humidity and air circulation are increased. Some have tried putting a vew ice cubes in the pot to aid in keeping roots cool and damp.

WATER & HUMIDITY: Mature plants must not be allowed to dry out. Water often enough to keep the potting medium moist at all times. Provide for 50-60% humidity. Place plants on trays of pebbles partially filled with water, being careful not to let the pot sit in water. The use of a humidifier may also help. Feed with a balanced orchid fertilizer mixed at 1/2 the recommended rate at every watering.Feed less in the winter months.

Repot every 2 years in the spring after flowering. Use a well draining orchid bark mix and make sure to tamp it in firmly between the roots. The plant needs to be secure and stable in the pot. Cymbidiums do not mind being a bit rootbound.

These plants are sometimes available in late winter. When they are, they are usually grown in 5″ or 6″ pots.

Cyperus Papyrus

This species of Cypress Grass was considered very important by the Egyptians over 2 thousand years ago. It was used for making scrolls, mats, ropes and even shoes. This is a true marsh plant and in nature is happiest growing along the edges of ponds or water basins in gardens. If left to its own devices, it can grow to as high as 10 feet tall. Its fine leaf structure lends an exotic elegance to indoor water gardens and wet interiorscapes. And it will enhance any plant lover’s indoor fountain.

LIGHT: Cyperus Papyrus prefers a bright location, even some sun. Provide some relief from direct noonday sun in summer. In higher latitudes, supplemental lighting may be needed for plants wintered over indoors.

TEMPERATURE: This is a tropical plant that would enjoy summers outdoors in temperate climates. When evening temps approach 55°, bring the plant inside. Maintain temperatures between 65-90° during the summer and a minimum of 55° during the winter.

WATER: Keep this plant wet at all times. Use a saucer and keep at least 1/2 inch of water in it. Mist the plant on warm days or in very dry environments. Feed weekly with a very weak fertilizer solution, about 1/4 normal strength.

AVAILABILITY: This plant is occasionally available in 6″ pots. Ask for it. It is worth the wait!

DENDROBIUM- Spray Orchid

Dendrobiums are among the most commonly encountered orchids in the retail trade. Like most other cultivated orchids, dendrobiums are epiphytes, or air plants. They have well-developed water-storage organs (pseudo bulbs), often called “canes” for their upright. leafy appearance. They should be potted in porous, free-draining media.

There are many different types of dendrobiums available to the specialist grower. However hybrids involving Den. Phalaenopsis are what you will most often encounter. (Don’t confuse this with Phalaenopsis orchids. Den. Phalaenopsis is not a hybrid of Dendrobium and Phalaenopsis. Instead, it is one of many hundreds of species of Dendrobiums that resembles a Phalaenopsis Orchid.)

LIGHT: Provide bright light, even as much as 50% sun. Place near an east, west or thinly shaded south window.

TEMPERATURE: Provide night temperatures of 60-65° and day temperatures as high as 80-90°. Higher temperatures are tolerated if humidity and air movement are increased. Temperatures below 50° may cause leaf drop.

WATER: Keep evenly moist while in active growth. Allow to dry between waterings when growths are mature.

HUMIDITY: Provide between 50-60% humidity. Low humidity can be increased by using humidity trays or a humidifier.

FERTILIZER: Food should be provided during the active growth period. Water weekly with a balanced fertilizer mixed at 1/2 the recommended strength. After canes mature, stop feeding nitrogen. This will help the plant begin the bloom process.

REPOT every 2-3 years before the mix breaks down. Use a well-drained mix and a pot that will accommodate the roots and still allow for a year’s growth.

Dendrobiums are occasionally available at certain holiday seasons in 4″ or 5″ clay pots.

EUGENIA – Myrtle

Eugenia is a vigorous-growing shrub that is most often used in topiaries. It produces small, bronze-tinged leaves which mature to a deep green. On rare occasions, it will bloom with tiny, white flowers.

LIGHT: This plant likes bright light. They thrive in full sun to partial shade.

TEMPERATURE: In the summer, they will appreciate an outdoor location. Bring in when nighttime temperatures fall below 40°.

WATER: Keep the soil moist but do not let the plant stand in water. Do not allow the plant to completely dry out. Fertilize with a balanced, water soluble plant food once a month.

Trim this plant back in the fall. Bring indoors to a sunny location. As with all plants summered outdoors and brought in, treat with insecticide and wash plant well to remove any unwanted critters. Cut back on the watering and fertilizing. Feed and water more in the spring and move back outdoors when danger of frost is past.

This specialty plant is sometimes available in 6″ or 7″ clay pots or in 8″ or 10″ topiaries.

EURYOPS DAISY – Euryops pectinatus

The Euryops Daisy is a tightly branched upright grower that produces bright yellow daisylike flowers. The blooms are very cheerful looking and add an attractive touch to any high-light setting.

LIGHT: This plant enjoys full sunlight and generous watering, especially in warmer temperatures.

WATER: You can water this plant almost everyday outdoors in the summer, but don’t forget to allow for good drainage.

Fertilize monthly with a general purpose fertilizer.

Be sure to prune off old flower heads to encourage new buds and ensure almost continuous blooming.

A seasonal plant, these are most often grown in 10″ pots.

Fatshedera

Fatshedera is an easy-to-grow hybrid of fatsia and hedera. A fully mature plant can reach 6 feet or more with support. Its maple-shaped leaves are attractive whether grown as a bush or staked.

TEMPERATURE: Grow this plant on the cool side with temperatures in the range of 50° to 70°.

LIGHT: Provide bright light even in winter.

WATER: Water regularly from spring to fall, less in the winter. Morning misting is also beneficial to elevate the humidity.

They are available on a limited basis in 4″ pots

Felt Plant – Fiddle Felt Bush

This member of the Kalanchoe family is a little strange-looking. The medium green leaves are velvety to the touch and have a fine covering of brown hairs. The leaves are deeply lobed and arrange themselves in pairs of 2 along a stout trunk. Newer leaves often have a lighter color. The Felt plant originates in southern Madagascar.

LIGHT: This plant prefers full sun to partial shade. This translates to a bright east or west window indoors or outdoors in partial shade.

TEMPERATURE: Keep this plant on the warm side. It prefers temperatures in the 65° – 75° but can stand extremes of 55° – 100°.

WATER: Do not over water. Give the plant a moderate watering and allow the soil to become dry to the touch before watering again. Feed monthly with a balanced liquid plant food.

This specialty plant is occasionally available in 6-inch pots

FIRECRACKER PLANT – Manettia

This is a blooming plant which provides a continuous show of orange and yellow flowers. In high light it will bloom for most of the year. The flowers are small but very plentiful.

The plant is very viney and will quickly cover a trellis or wire support. The leaves are dark green and shiny. Pinch out the tips occasionally to keep the plant from getting too leggy.

LIGHT: Firecracker plants like bright light and some direct sunlight is essential to blooming.

TEMPERATURE: They like temperatures from 65 – 80 degrees. They appreciate being a little cooler in the winter, but no less than 50 degrees.

WATER: Keep soil moist at all times but reduce water during the winter. In the summer outdoors they will need water frequently.

To keep this plant blooming continuously make sure to pick off old flowers regularly.

You can propagate from stem cuttings taken in the summer and use a rooting hormone.

FOUR-LEAF CLOVER — Oxalis — Shamrock

The four-leaf clover is from the Trifolium plant family. Trifolium means “three leaves”. In nature, the occurrence of four leaves is rare and special, resulting in the legends of good luck.

The four-leaf clover you find at greenhouses was genetically developed by the University of Florida to produce an average of 29% four-leaflets per pot. Unauthorized propagation is prohibited but you can enjoy your plant by following these instructions.

Upon Arrival: It is characteristic of your four-leaf clover to have the leaves fold up at night or in darkness. Your plant may be closed upon receipt, but by putting it in a bright light environment the leaves will open and stay healthy. Rotate occasionally.

WATER: When the soil surface feels dry, water thoroughly. Pour off any excess water left in the saucer.

FEEDING: Diluted application every month or so of standard houseplant fertilizer will keep it producing new and bigger leaves.

CLEANING: After allowing your plant to acclimate to its new home, you may cut off any yellow leaves.

TRANSPLANTING: When the roots fill the pot, transplant into a container 2-3 inches bigger in diameter. Add packaged potting soil that contains at least 50% peat moss.

This plant has spotty seasonal availability in 4″ pots.

Fuzzy Jew – Cyanotis somaliensis

Fuzzy Jew is a compact, succulent creeper with silvery green, fuzzy stems and hairy, fleshy, triangular leaves. This interesting member of the tradescantia (wandering jew) family produces small, purple flowers. Treat it like other tradescentias.

TEMPERATURE: Wandering Jews like to be kept between 65 and 75 degrees with a minimum temperature of 50 degrees. They also like to have a well ventilated area.

WATER: Water when dry to the touch. Keep soil evenly moist but NOT WET. Reduce water during the winter months.

LIGHT: They like to be kept in a bright area. Wandering Jew will tolerate some direct sun, but be careful of the hot afternoon sun.

Propagate from stem cuttings.

At this time, there is very limited availability.

German Ivy

At first glance, this plant can be mistaken for regular true ivy, however upon closer inspection, its large, lobed leaves give it away. German Ivy is a very vigorous plant which is less affected by warm and dry conditions than its look-alike. It has all green leaves which make an excellent backdrop for colorful annuals in outdoor planters.

LIGHT: German Ivy’s like bright light, even full sun in the winter. They will even tolerate light shade.

TEMPERATURE: Keep at average household temperatures with a minimum of 50° in winter.

WATER: Keep the soil moist at all times. Water less in the winter.

GOLDEN DEW DROP LILAC-Duranta Repen

Duranta is native to Florida, the West Indies, Mexico and Brazil.

The Golden Dew Drop Lilac, also know as Pidgeonberry is a small tree reaching heights of 4 to 5 feet.

It has spiny and drooping four-angle branches with ovate leaves. The small flowers are either white or lilac-blue, cylindrical and spreading, followed by orange-yellow berries, hence the name “Golden Dew Drop”.

The flowers are fragrant, attractive and similar to those of the outdoor lilac, and in the tropics, this plant will flower year round. In the summer, outdoors in the right conditions this plant is easy to care for and will bloom non-stop all summer.

LIGHT / WATER: This plant enjoys full-sun to partial shade and in our experience in a full-sun setting, daily watering and feeding will be needed.

This plant is striking and would be a very pleasing addition to any porch, patio or high light situation.These seasonal plants have limited availability in 10″ pots

HIBISCUS

The Hibiscus is an excellent plant for a sunny spot indoors or out. A Hibiscus bush can live for many, many years. It’s size and shape can be controlled with regular pruning. Cut back the stems in the winter to induce bushiness.

LIGHT: To maximize flowering, bright light is preferred for this plant. Direct sun if at all possible. Outdoors for the summer is a plus.

WATER: As far as watering goes, keep the plant moist with good drainage. Hibiscus drinks a lot of water. Reduce watering in the winter.

Blooming plants like food too, so during the warmer times of the year provide a general houseplant fertilizer on a monthly basis. The Hibiscus will bloom constantly for many weeks at a time, but like many plants of this nature, needs a “rest-period” too in conjunction with the light available and temperatures provided.

The blooms only last for a day or two but you will be able to look forward to the new arrivals not long after the old ones have perished.

Common pests of the Hibiscus are aphids and spider mites. It’s a good idea to treat regularly for this.

Bud drop and loss of leaves is most likely caused from letting the soil dry too much. Another reason could be from a sudden change in temperature.

These plants are readily available in 6″ pots. On a seasonal basis, they are also available in 8″ or 10″ pots in various forms from short standards, to braids and bush forms.

JADE – Crassula

Jades come in several shapes and colors. We often see Crosby, Elephant bush, Elephant Trunk, Organ Pipe, Sunset and varigated forms. They all have in common a thick, fleshy stem and thick, fleshy leaves. Some people are stunned to learn that jades bloom. One variety known as Pacific Jade bears clusters of tiny, pink, fragrant flowers in late fall or winter.

TEMPERATURE: Jades appreciate moderate temperatures.

LIGHT: They like it bright, and they like it dry. Find a bright windowsill and park it there.

WATER: The best thing you can do for your jade is to forget it. Overwatering can kill a jade faster than just about anything else, causing the trunk to rot from the inside out. Water it every couple of weeks or once a month, and sparingly at that, especially if it is a large plant in a large pot.. Do not let the plant sit in water. Misting is not necessary.

Jades are often available in 4″ and 6″but do come in 8″ and 10″ occasionally.

JASMINE — POLYANTHUM, PANDOREA, SAMBAC, LAKEVIEW

POLYANTHUM: This vining favorite has clusters of pink, tubular, highly fragrant flowers and is closely related to Jasminum officinale which has white flowers. Both are vigorous climbers which need to be pruned to keep growth in check. These are popular houseplants which do well outdoors in the summer.

Other species of jasmine commonly grown in household settings include: Pandorea,Sambac,Lakeview, etc. Most are seasonal varieties that are available in the spring of the year.

TEMPERATURE: Provide average warmth with a minimum of 45° in the winter.

LIGHT: These are light-loving plants so give them plenty of bright light, even some direct sun. An east, west or lightly shaded south windowsill are ideal.

WATER: Keep the soil moist at all times. Outdoors in the summer, this might mean daily watering. Provide plenty of humidity. Frequent misting will help.

These plants are seasonal and are often available in late winter or early spring. They are sometimes grown on hoops in 6″ pots, 4″ pots and sometimes in 8″ hanging baskets

Jatropha podagrica-Buddha Belly

Jatropha is one of the coolest plants that we carry and it is so easy to grow, even a caveman can do it. 🙂 It gets its common name from its swollen, belly-like trunk. It bears above it’s crown of large, waxy, lobed leaves, a cluster of vivid orange flowers. These flowers are a delicacy for butterflies and will eventually bear olive-shaped green, non-edible seed pods that, when mature, will literally explode, launching their seeds several feet away. It loses its leaves over winter, but may flower year round.

Jatropha is a member of the Euphorbia family and comes to us from Guatamala, Honduras and Nicaragua. It grows to between 2 and 3 feet tall.

LIGHT: This plant prefers full sun to partial shade. A bright east, west or south window would be fine as long as it provides a few hours of direct sunlight per day.

WATER: Treat this plant like a succulent. Let the plant become dry before watering. Moisten the soil lightly and let it dry again before the next watering.

TEMPERATURE: Like most euphorbias, Jatropha likes tropical temperatures in the 70’s and 80’s with a minimum winter temperature of 50°.

L AVENDER

The lavender is a shrub type plant originating in the Mediterranean. It can be grown well in the house or greenhouse but it does require a little extra care.

TEMPERATURE: The Lavender likes temperatures between 45 – 65 degrees, so a cooler spot in your house is the best location.

LIGHT: This plant thrives in full sunlight coming from an eastern or western direction.

WATER: Drench the soil and let it become moderately dry between waterings. Use warm water. This plant likes medium humidity. Be careful not to put this plant close to a forced air register as it will dry out your plant quickly and be too warm.

Fertilize every two week spring through fall with a water soluble fertilizer. Cut back during the winter months.

The Lavender will get fragrant flowers during the late summer and early fall.

You can propagate from seeds in the spring or from cuttings in the late summer. It is best to propagate any type of cuttings or seed in a mixture of moist peat and perlite. Cover the pot and plant with a plastic bag secured by a rubber band to prevent the escape of moisture.

Place in indirect sunlight or under a fluorescent light. Repot in its regular mix after its been growing for a while.This plant is rarely available

LITHOPS – Living Stones

Lithops are plants camouflaged as stones, a protective mechanism that keeps them safe from droughts and hungry animals. This process of evolution, known as cryptic mimicry has taken place through eons of adaptation. Lithops can also pull themselves down into the sand to prevent being dried to a crisp by African winds and sun.

These strange little plants use translucent windows at the top of the plant to trap and channel sunlight to photosynthetic cells deep inside the plant, allowing it to thrive and grow without having the common leaf structure as we know it.

The plant itself has the look of two flattened stones side by side, mirroring each other. Some rather humorous individuals have dubbed them “butt-rocks” due to this paired appearance.

Lithops go through a dormant period during the summer requiring virtually no water until its growth period starts in early fall, when flowering will occur. Shortly thereafter new leaves will push out from between the old leaves until the old ones are completely wilted away.

Growth will continue until summer when growth stops and the cycle has completed.

LIGHT: Provide a bright location. A sunny south window is ideal.

WATER: Water sparingly during the summer. Water slightly more in the fall when growth is occurring

LOROPETALUM chinense-Chinese Elm

This evergreen shrub, with it’s compact growth habit, grows 5+ feet tall. Its leaves are round-ish, light green and soft. Some varieties have pinkish leaves. The plant flowers in clusters of 4 or more in shades of white, green or pink. This plant is well suited to bonsai if it is kept pruned both above and below the soil line.

LIGHT: This plant like full sun to partial shade. If grown indoors, this translates to a bright east, south or west window.

TEMPERATURE: Provide average household temperatures with a minimum of 45° in the winter.

WATER: Water enough to keep soil evenly moist. Provide adequate humidity of at least 40%.

This plant is very rarely available as a bonsai in oriental trays.

MAJESTY PALM- Ravenea rivularis

Gracefully arching fronds, a vigorous root system and a tolerance for medium light make the Majesty Palm a popular interiorscape plant. The fronds are deep green and originate out of a central trunk. When grown well, this plant can mature to 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12″ or more.

LIGHT: The Majesty palm thrives in bright light, but will also do well in medium light. Place in a well-lit east, west or south window. Even though in its native habitat, it receives plenty of humidity, this plant will tolerate lower humidity levels of at least 40%.

WATER: Water this plant when the top 2 inches of soil feel dry. Water throroughly, making sure the entire root ball is moistened. The Majesty palm does not like to dry out. Signs of underwatering are brown tips on fronds. Signs of overwatering are yellowish tips. Both symptoms show up on oldest foliage first.

TEMPERATURE: Provide average household temperatures. This plant can tolerate cooler temperatures of at least 50°.

Wash the fronds regularly to keep the plant looking fresh. Take care not to damage the central growth point. Prune older fronds as they discolor with age.

This plant is readily available in 10″ or larger pots

MALPIGHIA COCCIGERA – Miniature Holly

This dwarf evergreen shrub has its origins in the West Indies. It is also sometimes known as Singapore Holly.

The plant is densely covered with tiny 2cm holly-like, stiff, glossy, dark green leaves. It blooms spradically thoughout the year with small, starry, pink blossoms.

LIGHT / WATER: These plants prefer full sunlight and moist soil.

TEMPERATURE: Keep the temperatures in the 50° to 90° range.

This is a seasonal plant offered in late fall to early winter. It is most often grown in 6″ clay pots

MANDAVILLA

This plant is native of South America – Bolivia and Brazil.

It is a woody, vine-like climber growing to about 10 meters long. The leaves are dark green and textured. The flowers are funnel-shaped and range in color in many shades of light pink to dark rosy pink.

LIGHT: They normally bloom throughout the year in good light. Provide a bright location with some full sun such as an east or west window or patio.

WATER: They require generous watering when growing with good drainage. Also they will need to be fertilized every two weeks or so during the summer season.

This is a great outdoor plant during the summer months and it is best to maintain high humidity throughout the year. You will need to prune annually by cutting back the plant to no more that 1/2 its growth. You may have to prune more often as it can climb up patio supports and even into the trees.Mandevillas like to be pot bound so repotting every couple of years is sufficient.

MEXICAN HEATHER – Cuphea Hyssopifolia

This plant is born and bred in Mexico and Guatemala.

Mexican Heather is a woody shrublike plant that has many purplish-rose, starry flowers extending from wiry branches crowded with tiny linear, leathery greens. The little flowers among the fern-like foliage make this plant a cheery addition to any home or landscape.

WATER: They like plenty of water. Make sure they are kept moist at all times although not wet.

LIGHT: Mexican Heather thrives with with plenty of light and needs to be fed regularly during the growing season.

Mexican Heather can be propagated from cuttings.

These plants are available on a seasonal basis in 4″, 6″ and often braided in 8″ pots.

MINIATURE ROSE

Imagine having a rose bush in your home! These rose bushes, in a variety of colors, offer a stunning accent to any decor whether indoors or out.

LIGHT: Bright direct light is a must, especially during the winter months.

WATER: Watering and feeding vary a bit depending on the time of the year. Water two to three times weekly during the summer and lessen to once weekly during the winter. Always allow for adequate drainage and be sure to give the plants room to grow. Good air movement is needed to prevent disease.

These rose bushes will need to be pruned and the best time to do this is mid-fall. We suggest cutting them about 1/3 of the way back. The growth will start out slowly and increase in direct proportion to the lengthening days.

Flowers may be cut and used as you wish. They aren’t very fragrant but they are very pretty and somewhat dainty-looking. They will continue to appear depending upon the amount of light, water and general environmental factors.

These rose bushes are winter-tolerant and they may be planted outdoors. They should be treated as any other rose bush and mulched before the cold weather sets in.

These seasonal plants are often available in the spring of the year in 4″ or 6″ pots

MONKEY PUZZLE – Bunya-Bunya Tree

There are two kinds of plants. There are those that require pampering and then there are the durable, can’t kill-it-no-matter-what-you-do kind. For those interested in the no problem plant, this weird but lovable one is for you.

The Monkey Puzzle is a slow-growing coniferous tree, becoming 150 feet high with age in its natural setting. It has wide-spreading branches, long glossy sharp pointed needles with parallel veining up to 2 inches long. A vicious-looking, fearsome tree supposed to keep the monkeys puzzled because they can’t manage to climb over the spiked leaves.

WATER: They are not particular about soil, but require good drainage. Allow the soil to reach the dry-to-touch stage between waterings. This allows the roots to get good doses of air in the intervals between each thorough dousing.

LIGHT: They are also not fussy about light. An hour or so of sunlight a day usually suffices as long as the room is fairly bright.

You can’t prune a Monkey Puzzle, or at least you shouldn’t. It also seems to be pest-free. The only thing you should do with it is to give it a nice shower in the bathtub occasionally for dust removal. This is about all you can do for the plant, other than fulfill its not-so-demanding watering and feeding demands.

When you think about what you don’t have to do to keep a Monkey Puzzle beautiful, you can’t help appreciating it.

These plants are occasionally available in 7″ or 12″ pots.

NATAL MAHOGANY- Trichelia dregeana

Natal Mahogany is a large plant that somewhat resembles an Amate Schefflera in growth habit. It’s leaves are long, dark green and glossy. It is native to South Africa which gives it inherent drought tolerance.

TEMPERATURE: This plant is not fussy as far as temperatures go. It can tolerate temperatures in the high 40°’s and not show any damage. Heat is no problem either. Watch that the plant does not dry out in high temperatures.

LIGHT: Light requirements seem quite broad. It is grown in Florida in full sun with no ill effects. It can also grow in a bright office as well.

WATER: Water this plant as you would a Spathiphyllum. It shows most vigorous growth when kept moist. It will tolerate some drydown, but never seems as upright as before. As with most plants, don’t allow the plant to sit for long periods in standing water. Average household humidity is fine.

This plant is often available in 10″ or larger pot sizes.

NORFOLK ISLAND PINE -Araucaria

The Norfolk Island Pine is a slow-growing tree with stiff branches covered with needles. It is best to grow this plant standing alone to ensure symetrical growth. The plant will grow about one set of new branches per year.At the same time the lower branches will continue to grow larger.

TEMPERATURE / LIGHT: Norfolk Pines flourish in cool and bright conditions.

WATER: Water regularly from spring to fall and reduce water in the winter. Mist leaves occasionally, especially during the winter in a heated house.

The major problem with Norfolk Pines is needles dropping and loss of lower branches. The main cause of this is either hot dry air or drying out the soil too much. Repot in the spring about every four years as needed. If you want to restrict its growth keep it more pot bound.

These plants are readily available in the fall of the year in 3″, 4″, 6″, 8″ 10″ and 12″ sizes. At other times of the year, they are sometimes available.

OLEANDER – Neruim Oleander

The Oleander originates from Southern Europe and North Africa. They are evergreen shrubs of a sort with slender, willowy foliage on the branches. They love sunny, dry, hot locations, where the warmth, fresh air, and plenty of food and water will result in luxuriant blooms.We suggest daily administration of these during the summer season.

LIGHT / TEMPERATURE: This plant is superb for a sun porch, foyer or the sunny patio in the summer. It also likes strong light and plenty of heat, but be sure to keep it cool during the winter months.

WATER: Water thoroughly during the summer and cut back a bit when the weather cools.

Oleanders bloom on the current year’s growth, so cutting out old flowered-out wood in the spring will encourage new growth, resulting in a “ripened plant” in June ready to set new buds. Cuttings will root easily in a bottle of water.

The white blooms on the “Album” and the rosy-red blooms on the “Rose-Bay” have a way of shedding their faded blooms rather than drying up and becoming brown and unsightly.

NOTE: A rather interesting characteristic is that all parts of this plant are poisonous if eaten, so take precautions with children and pets. These plants are seasonally available in the spring, usually in 10″ pots.

OLIVE – Olea europaea

Offer peace in your home with the olive, the Ancient Greeks’ traditional symbol of harmony, wisdom and triumph. Native to the Mediterranean, the Olive tree is slow-growing, evergreen and becomes attractively gnarled with age. It features gray-green leaves and fragrant, creamy white flowers that give way to delicious green olives, ripening to black. This plant matures to a height of 4 feet.

TEMPERATURE: Provide average household temperatures. This plant can tolerate temperatures down to 40° for short periods of time.

LIGHT: Provide a sunny location such as an outdoor patio in warm weather or a southern window indoors.

WATER: Water moderately during the growing season and sparingly during the winter.

This is a specialty plant that is not often available. When it is, it is most often grown in 4″ pots.

ORNAMENTAL PEPPER – Capsicum

This is a plant that is grown for its colorful fruits. These 1″, pointed, non-burning fruits start out green, then mature to yellow, orange and red.

TEMPERATURE: These plants like average warmth. Temperatures should remain in the 65° – 75° during the day and 60° to 65° at night.

LIGHT: Bright light is a must for happy, healthy, heavily fruited plants. Provide some morning or afternoon sun.

WATER: Keep the soil moist at all times. We usually grow these plants in clay pots so ample watering is a must as the clay will dry more quickly than plastic.

After flowering and fruiting, the plants should be discarded. Treat them as an annual.

These are seasonal plants that are available once a year in 4″ clay pots.

PANDA – Kalanchoe

Panda Kalanchoes are easy to grow succulents that are most noted for their unusual foliage. Their fuzzy, plump, brown-edged leaves remind us of panda feet. They will occasionally bear tiny white or pink flowers. The Panda Kalanchoe will generally stay fairly small but can grow to 2 feet. It bears 2 – 3 inch fleshy leaves that are covered with tiny white hairs except for the edge of the leaf which is covered in tiny brown hairs.

LIGHT: They like bright direct sunlight however will tolerate artificial light if available at least 12 hours a day.

WATER: You’ll need to let the soil get dry between waterings. Water thoroughly but do not let plant stand in excess water. One of the biggest problems with this type of plant is overwatering.

TEMPERATURE: Ideal temperatures are between 55 – 70 degrees.

Pandas are generally pest free. They can be propagated by leaves or by stem cuttings any time of the year.

Panda Kalanchoes are often available in 4″ or 6″ pots.

PANSY – Viola hederacea

Pansies are perennials that will bloom from May through August. It will grow well in the house or greenhouse. The colorful, fragrant blooms are sure to be a bright addition to any grower’s collection.

LIGHT: This plant thrives in bright, indirect to full sunlight. Place in a sunny east, west or south windowsill.

TEMPERATURE: Provide cooler temperatures. Pansies will grow in normal temperatures, but ideally they like to to be between 40° and 65°. Place them in your coolest location.

WATER: Keep the soil evenly moist. Water with warm water. Feed weekly with a water soluable fertilizer at half the recommended rate. Mist often with warm water and keep the plant as cool as possible. Discard the plant after the growing season.

This is a seasonal plant that is sometimes available in 6″ pots

PANSY – Viola hederacea

Pansies are perennials that will bloom from May through August. It will grow well in the house or greenhouse. The colorful, fragrant blooms are sure to be a bright addition to any grower’s collection.

LIGHT: This plant thrives in bright, indirect to full sunlight. Place in a sunny east, west or south windowsill.

TEMPERATURE: Provide cooler temperatures. Pansies will grow in normal temperatures, but ideally they like to to be between 40° and 65°. Place them in your coolest location.

WATER: Keep the soil evenly moist. Water with warm water. Feed weekly with a water soluable fertilizer at half the recommended rate. Mist often with warm water and keep the plant as cool as possible. Discard the plant after the growing season.

This is a seasonal plant that is sometimes available in 6″ pots

PINEAPPLE

Classified as a bromeliad, the pineapple is also one of those “can I really grow it?” type of plant. It’s long, leathery leaves are often sharply saw-edged. The plant produces a pink flower head which is followed by small, sometimes edible fruit.

TEMPERATURE: In order to flower and fruit, this plant requires warm temperatures above 75° and average warmth (minimum 50°) for plants in flower.

LIGHT: This plant will thrive in full sun so provide the brightest location possible.

WATER: Avoid over-watering these plants. Water when the soil feels somewhat dry to the touch. Mist leaves in the summer, occasionally using liquid plant food at recommended dilution.

Pineapple is a specialty plant and is available on a very limited basis. It is usually grown in 6″ or 7″ pots.

PITTOSPORUM

Pittosporum is a very durable plant. It needs very little care to survive and will tolerate chilly, drafty areas. Pittosporum also comes in variegated variety. Their leaves are 2 – 4 inches long and they grow into a shrublike plant. They can grow to over 3 feet tall however they look better if kept trimmed back.

LIGHT: Pittosporum like direct sunlight. Four hours or more a day is ideal. They will also tolerate bright indirect light.

WATER: Let the soil dry down between thorough waterings, however not so dry that the soil pulls from the side of the pot.

TEMPERATURE: Temperatures from 60 – 80 degrees are ideal. Fertilize twice a year, ideally in the very early spring and again mid summer.

Repot in the early spring, however these plants can go for many years without repotting. Propagate by stem cuttings in the spring or air-layering any time of the year.

These plants are rarely available.

PODOCARPUS – Buddhist Pine

If you are looking for an easy-care plant, the Podocarpus is the plant for you. It is sometimes known as Buddhist Pine and has few demands as far as care goes. In bush form, they can reach heights of 6 feet in the home. It is most noted for its 2-3″ soft, needle-like leaves. A close relative, Afrocarpus gracilior, has a weeping growth habit.

TEMPERATURE: This plant prefers a cool winter with minimum temperatures of 40°. Otherwise, a cool location, even a drafty entrance is ok.

LIGHT: Podocarpus likes a lot of light. Give it a brightly lit location with some sun.

WATER: Keep soil fairly moist at all times. Water somewhat less in the winter. Mist leaves occasionally.

Podocarpus is readily available in 3″ pots, and sometimes available 10 pots

POLKA DOT PLANT – Splash – Freckle Face -Hypoeste

Polka Dot plants are grown for their colorful, spotted leaves. To keep your plant bushy pinch out the tips where new growth begins.

LIGHT: The color becomes more vivid in a brightly lit place with some direct sunlight. If put in a shady spot the leaves will be all green.

TEMPERATURE: Polka dots like temperatures between 60 – 70 degrees with a minimum of 55 degrees in the winter.

WATER: Keep the soil evenly moist. Water generously in the spring and summer and reduce the water during the winter months

In the spring and summer, these plants are often available in 3″ and 4″ pots.

PONY TAIL PALM – Elephants Foot – Beaucarnea

A conversation piece, the Pony Tail Palm is an easy plant to raise. It needs little attention and will not suffer from occasional dryness.

It grows very slowly, but with time can reach heights of 6 feet or more and the base will be swollen like a huge bulb.

The foliage is where its name comes from. It has long thin leaves that create a tail-like plume. Its becoming quite popular as a specimen houseplant.

LIGHT; Pony Tails like a brightly lit spot, some direct sunlight will not harm it but be careful in the hot summer sun. Unlike many other palms it does not need misting.

WATER: Water thoroughly and then do not water again until the compost is moderately dry. Avoid overwatering as the stump will rot. The stump is where the plant stores water, so occasional drying out of the soil will not hurt the plant.

TEMPERATURE: Ponytails need just average warmth but no less than 50 degrees.

These plants are often found in 3″ pots, more often in 6″ and larger pot sizes. You may also luck out to find them grown as a bonsai.

Poor Man’s Orchid – Schizanthus wisetonensis

The Poor Man’s Orchid (Schizanthus), also called the Butterfly Flower, is an annual that will grow to a height of one to two feet in a neat rounded clump and will produce masses of orchid like flowers usually from mid summer through to early fall.

LIGHT: Schizanthus prefers full sunlight but will grow and bloom in diffused light in a south facing window

TEMPERATURE: Prefers cooler, moist conditions. Avoid extremes of heat or cold.

WATER: Water regularly. Prefers moist soil through out the season, don’t let it dry out. Feed it every two weeks with a standard 20-20-20 water soluble Plant food.

While the seeds are slow to germinate, bedding plants are usually available from your local garden center in the early spring.

PORTULACA – Moss Rose

Portulaca originates from Brazil. It is a succulent herb with low-spreading branches, scattered cylindrical leaves and colorful, sun-blooming flowers in the colors of rose, red, purple, yellow and white. The Moss Rose will bloom all summer and fall with the flowers opening fully only in sunlight and closing in late afternoon. This makes a great pot plant or hanging basket in a sunny window or on the patio.

TEMPERATURE: Provide temperatures in the 55° to 85° range. This plant is well suited to outdoor growth.

LIGHT: Provide the sunniest location possible. This means a sunny windowsil or sunny spot on the patio or deck.

WATER: Provide plenty of water when in bloom. Feed each time youwater with a balanced water soluable plant food.

This is a seasonal plant that is available only in late spring in 8″ hanging baskets.

PURPLE PASSION – Gynura Sarmentosa

Purple Passion is an easy to grow ornamental plant with distinctive purple, velvet-like stems and leaves. This plant produces small flowers in the spring and these should be removed at the bud stage as the aroma from them is offensive.

LIGHT: The color of the velvety purple stems and leaves intensify in color when grown in full sun.

WATER: Allow the top inch of soil to dry before watering thoroughly. Do not let plant set in water. Feed monthly during the summer.

To keep plant bushy and full and in full growth, remove the foul-smelling flowers and pinch off the growing tips.

These are often available in 3″ pots and sometimes in 6″ or 8″ hanging baskets. At certain times of the year, they are also grown in purple

ROSEMARY – Rosmarinus Officianalis

Rosemary is an aromatic Mediterranean herb used since ancient time to give exciting flavor to appetizers, meats, and sauces. The fragrant leaves can also be dried to give a piney scent to sachets, and moth preventatives. Historically the rosemary’s distilled oil has been used for medicines and herbs.

LIGHT/TEMPERATURE: : Rosemary thrives in full sunlight coming from southern, eastern or western directions. Because it enjoys temperatures between 40 – 65 degrees, a sunny winter windowsill is an excellent location.

WATER: In full sun, summer-like environments, rosemary should be kept moist at all times. However, in northern climates, with long dark winters be careful not to over-water this plant. Water in moderate amounts and allow the soil to dry down slightly between waterings. Because of its resinous sap a slight wilt will be no problem for the rosemary plant.

Rosemary can be easily pruned to maintain its shape. And you can get a bonus of fresh rosemary for your kitchen.

At certain times of the year, these may be available in 4″, or as hoops or topiaries in 4″ or 6″ pots.

SAMBAC JASMINE – Arabian Jasmine

The Sambac Jasmine, a native of India and Arabia is a tropical shrub and a member of the Olive family. A perpetual bloomer from early spring to late fall, this plant is excellent if grown in a container or on a trellis.

LIGHT/WATER: Like most Jasmines, they require plenty of direct or filtered sunshine and enjoy a generous amout of water during the growing season. Recommended feeding would be weekly with a mild fertilizer.

Pruning will most likely be necessary as these plants have a tendency to climb. This is best done in the fall.

TEMPERATURE: Try to keep the temperatures moderate whether placement is indoors or out with night time temperatures not falling below 50 degrees.

The snowy white flowers are strongly fragrant, so much so that in Hawaii perfume is extracted from them. Also in the Orient these blooms are dried and added to tea to make Jasmine tea.

In late spring these plants are available in 4″ and 6″ pots and sometimes in 8″ hanging baskets.

SANSEVIERIA – Mother-in-Laws Tongue/Snake Plant – New Varieties!

Sansevieria is the plant to choose when all else fails. Also known as Mother-in-law-Tongue or Snake Plant, it has fleshy, sword-like leaves with gold edges or other variegation. Under excellent conditions, you may be favored with blooms. The flowers are tiny and numerous and are borne on a single or branched raceme. Some of the shorter, stouter varieties are often lumped together and referred to as birdsnest sansevieria.

TEMPERATURE: Sansevieria likes average temperatures but no less than 50 degrees in the winter.

WATER: Water moderately between spring and fall. Allow soil to dry down between waterings. It can miss a watering or two with no damage done to the plant. In the winter water only every one to two months. Over-watering is about the only thing that will kill your Sanseveria.

LIGHT: Sansevieria will grow in sunlight or shade but they prefer a bright location and prefer a little sunlight.

Repotting is seldom needed. When it cracks out of its current pot, then it’s time to replant.

To propagate, cut off a piece at the base, allow to dry before putting directly into soil. Another option is to divide up the plant.

These plants are often available in 3″, 6″, 8″ and 10″ pot sizes. Plants with * are available in 6″ pots

Shamrock – OXALIS

Oxalis is primarily native to the mountains of South America and Mexico, but several of the hardier varieties are spread over Northern Europe and North America. Most are small herbs producing tuberous rhizomes or bulbs.

LIGHT: Shamrocks are wonderful little plants for sunny windows and are a specialty for celebrating St. Patrick’s Day. The pretty little flowers of white or pink “go to sleep” at night and only open in the sunshine.

WATER: They prefer moist soil, but not constantly wet, good drainage and full or partial sunlight.

TEMPERATURE: The ideal temperature range in between 60 – 65 degrees. They benefit from a slow release or regular fertilization program.

Propagation may be done by division. This is commonly done by breaking up the roots to start new plants. Toward the end of summer these plants need to go through a “dry-down” and rest period for about six weeks. Directly following this is the best time to propagate.

These plants are available in late winter in 4″ and 6″ pots.

SHRIMP PLANT – Beleperone

This plant has yellow/peach colored shrimp shaped flowers at the end of arched stems. With basic care it can thrive and flower almost all year long.

LIGHT/TEMPERATURE: They like to be kept cool and need bright light. Some direct sunlight is ideal. That makes this a great plant for a sunny window.

WATER: The soil needs to be kept moist and the plant benefits from occasionally misting it.

This is rarely available.

Silver Squill aka lebedouria sicialis (of the liliacea family)

Silver Squill comes to us from South America and Africa. This unusual succulent boasts beautiful leopard-spotted leaves that are fleshy and hold water. It does bloom, throwing wiry stems with cones of buds that open into tiny, non-descript flowers. The showy foliage is the main reason it is grown. And showy is what this plant is!

LIGHT: Silver Squill prefers direct sunlight, but tolerates light as low as 25 foot candles. (You can’t even read in that amount of light!) Give it a bright, sunny windowsill and it will be happiest.

TEMPERATURE: This plant is not real fussy. If you can maintain a minimum temperature of 55° and max of 85°, it will be fine.

WATER: Treat as a succulent. Water when soil is dry to the touch.

OTHER: Potting mix should be well draining. Use a peat mix with sand added. Plants can be divided when new growths start. Water sparingly until established.

AVAILABILITY: We grow this plant in 4″ clay pots. It is available on a seasonal basis.

STARLIGHT FIG -Ficus Variegata

The Starlight Fig originates from Malaysia and is a member of the Weeping Fig family.

This plant has beautiful green and white foliage that weeps or hangs very nicely in a hanging basket. It’s foliage will provide a striking contrast to any summer outdoor landscape. The leaves are somewhat waxy and are very smooth. It is also a good plant for a high light interiorscaping setting. It is our experience that this variety will shed far fewer leaves than others in the weeping fig family.

LIGHT: Starlight Figs need as much light as possible. The more light you give the plant, the denser the foliage will be.

WATER: Allow only the soil surface to become dry, then water thoroughly. During cooler months, watering requirements decrease. However, continue to provide plenty of light.

TEMPERATURE: Keep this plant in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees.

In late spring this plant is often available in 8″ hanging baskets.

SUCCULENTS

There are a wide variety of plants that fall into the succulent category. Succulents are usually considered to be plants with fleshy leaves that can store water. Included are Aeoneum, Agave, Aloe, Jade, Echevaria, Haworthia, Kalanchoe, String of Hearts, and String of Pearls.

TEMPERATURE: Generally speaking, succulents prefer average household temperatures from spring through fall with a cool (50°) winter. These plants also like a 10-15° degree difference between night and day temperatures.

LIGHT: They like plenty of light so a sunny windowsill is perfect. A few should not get any direct sun. Check the specifics on your plant for further care instructions.

WATER: During warm weather, water more often and decrease watering during the winter to monthly for some varieties. Misting is not required, however during the summer, your succulents will appreciate fresh air from an open window.

Assorted succulents are readily available in 3″ and 4″ pots. Occasionally, some varieties are available in 6″ pots.

Wax Ivy

At first glance, this plant can be mistaken for regular true ivy, however upon closer inspection, the thick, waxy leaves give it away. Wax ivy is a very vigorous plant which is less affected by warm and dry conditions than its look-alike. It has either all green or variegated green and creamy white leaves. When given enough light, it produces small, yellow daisy-type flowers.

LIGHT: Wax Ivy’s like bright light, even full sun in the winter. They will even tolerate light shade.

TEMPERATURE: Keep at average household temperatures with a minimum of 50° in winter.

WATER: Keep the soil moist at all times. Water less in the winter.

Wax Ivy is grown for the summer season. At that time it is available in 8″ hanging baskets and occasionally in 4″ clay pots.

YUCCA

Most of the Yuccas that you find are the cane type. They grow long, leathery green leaves on a woody trunk. You may also find a Yucca tip, which looks more like a bush and does not have the woody trunk.

LIGHT: Yuccas like a bright area. They will tolerate direct sunlight.

WATER: Water generously during the summer but avoid letting the plant sit in water.As the weather cools and light intensity wanes, cut back on the water. Let the soil dry down about 1″ below the surface then water carefully. Avoid over watering in the winter as this can result in rot in both roots and cane.

TEMPERATURE: In the summer, this plant can withstand very warm temperatures provided adequate air movement and humidity are maintained. During the winter you need to keep the plant in a cool spot and water sparingly.

Yuccas make a nice accent piece for a large area and are an easy plant to maintain. Propagation is done from offsets from the trunk or cane.

This plant is often available in 6″ or 10″ pots.

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