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hemp borer

Grapholita delineana
(hemp borer)

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Grapholita delineana (hemp borer)

Index

  • Pictures
  • Identity
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Distribution Table
  • Habitat List
  • Growth Stages
  • List of Symptoms/Signs
  • Natural enemies
  • Pathway Vectors
  • Plant Trade
  • References
  • Distribution Maps

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Grapholita delineana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • hemp borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  • Kingdom: Metazoa
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Uniramia
  • Class: Insecta
  • More information
  • More information
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Pictures

Title Adult
Caption Adult moth of G. delineana (museum set specimen).
Copyright John McPartland
Title Larva
Caption Young larva of G. delineana in harvested hemp seed.
Copyright John McPartland
Title Stalk gall
Caption Stalk gall caused G. delineana larva.
Copyright John McPartland

Identity

Preferred Scientific Name
  • Grapholita delineana Walker, 1863
Preferred Common Name
  • hemp borer
Other Scientific Names
  • Cydia delineana (Walker)
  • Cydia sinana (Felder)
  • Grapholita apicatana Walker, 1863
  • Grapholita mundana Christoph, 1881
  • Grapholita sinana Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874
  • Grapholita terstrigana Ragonot, 1894
  • Grapholitha delineana
  • Laspeyresia delineana (Walker)
  • Laspeyresia quadristriana Walsingham, 1900
International Common Names
  • English: hemp leaf roller; hemp seed eater
  • French: tordeuse grapholithe
Local Common Names
  • Germany: Motte, Chinesische Hanf-; Motte, Kleine Hanf-; Wickler, Chinesischer Hanfsamen-
  • Hungary: kis kendermoly
  • Japan: yotu-suzi-hime sinkui
  • Romania: moliei cinepii
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): konopljin savijac
EPPO code
  • CYDIDE (Cydia delineana)
  • CYDISI (Cydia sinana)

Taxonomic Tree

Distribution Table

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

Europe
North America

Habitat List

Top of page
Category Sub-Category Habitat Presence Status
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

List of Symptoms/Signs

Sign Life Stages Type
Fruit / webbing
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / distortion (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / internal feeding
Seeds / empty grains
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / internal feeding
Seeds / webbing
Stems / galls
Stems / internal discoloration
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

Natural enemy Type Life stages Specificity References Biological control in Biological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Charmon extensor Parasite Larvae
Ephedrus plagiator Parasite Larvae
Goniozus Parasite Larvae
Lixophaga variabilis Parasite Larvae
Macrocentrus delicatus Parasite Larvae
Scambus Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs Romania

Pathway Vectors

Vector Notes Long Distance Local References
Land vehicles Trucks carrying harvested hemp stalks. Yes

Plant Trade

Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport Pest stages Borne internally Borne externally Visibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
True seeds (inc. grain) larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Wood

References

Bako L, Nitri I, 1977. Pokusy s ochranou proti obalovaci konopnTmu (Grapholitha sinana Feld). Len a Konopf, 15:13-31.

Baloch GM, Mushtaque M, Ghani MA, 1974. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Pakistan station, 56-57. Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC.

Baloch GM, Mushtaque M, Ghani MA, 1975. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Pakistan station, 59. Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC.

Bes A, 1967. Konopljin savijac (Grapholitha delineana Walk.) nova stetocina konoplje. Zastita Bilja, 18:399-400.

Bes A, 1978. Prilog poznavanju izgledga ostecenja i stetnosti konopljinog savijaca – Grapholitha delineana Walk. Radovi Poljoprivrednog Fakulteta Univerzita u Sarajevu, 26(29):169-189.

Bigler F, Suverkropp BP, Cerutti F, 1997. Host searching by Trichogramma and its implications for quality control and release techniques. In: Andow DA, Ragsdale DW, Nyvall RF, eds. Ecological Interactions and Biological Control. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview Press, 240-253.

Byun BK, Bae YS, Park KT, 1998. Illustrated Catalogue of Tortricidae. Center for Insect Systematics. Seoul, Korea: Junghaeng-Sa Publishing.

Camprag D, Jovanic M, Sekulic R, 1996. Stetocine konoplje i integralne mere suzbijanja. Zbornik Radova, 26/27:55-68.

Christoph H, 1881. Bulletin de la SociTtT ImpTriale des Naturalistes de Moscou 56(2):420.

Danilevski AC, Kuznetsov VI, 1968. Leafroller family Tortricidae, fruit moth tribe Laspeyresiini. Fauna USSR, Lepidopterous Insects, 5(1):261-263.

Dempsey JM, 1975. Hemp. In: Fiber Crops. Gainesville, FL, USA: University of Florida Press.

Felder R, Rogenhofer AF, 1874. Reise der +sterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil, Zweiter Band, pl. CXXXVII, fig. 42.

Godfrey CRA, 1995. Agrochemicals from Natural Products. NY, USA: Marcel Dekker.

Haney A, Kutscheid BB, 1975. An ecological study of naturalized hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in east-central Illinois. American Midland Naturalist, 93:1-24.

Hartowicz LE, Knutson H, Paulsen A, et al, 1971. Possible biocontrol of wild hemp. North Central Weed Control Conference, Proceedings, 26:69.

Issiki S, 1957. Eucosmidae, Tortricidae. In: Esaki T, et al., eds. Icones Heterocerorum Japonicorum in Coloribus Naturalibus. Osaka, Japan: Hoikusya Press, 54.

Kryachko Z, Ignatenko M, Markin A, Zaets V, 1965. Notes on the hemp tortrix. Zashchita Rastenii Vredit. Bolez, 5:51-54.

Lekic M, Mihajlovic L, 1971. Grapholitha sinana Felder (Tortricidae, Lepidoptera) opasna stetocina konoplje na podrucju Vojvodine. Savremena Poljoprivreda, 19(3):63-68.

Mahr S, 1998. Know your friends: Macrocentrus ancylivorus. Midwest Biological Control News Online, 7(7).

Manolache C, Sandru I, Romascu E, 1966. Un nou daunator al culturilor de cinepa-molia cinepii (Grapholitha delineana Walk.-Lepidoptera-Tortricidae). Probleme Agricole, 1966 (6):68-72.

Mushtaque M, Baloch GM, Ghani MA, 1973. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. Annual report. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Pakistan station, pp. 54-55. Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC.

Nagy B, 1959. Kukoricamoly okozta elvßltozßsok Ts kßrosftßsi formßk kenderen. Knl÷nlenyomat a KfsTrletngyi K÷zlemTnyek (N÷vTnytermesztTs), 52(4):49-66.

Nagy B, 1967. The hemp moth (Grapholitha sinana Feld., Lepid.:Tortricidae), a new pest of hemp in Hungary. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 2:291-294.

Nagy B, 1980. Interspecific sex-pheromone and sexual behaviour of the hemp moth, Grapholitha delineana Walk. Abstract, Conference on New Endeavours in Plant Protection, Budapest. Budapest, Hungary: MEM Kutatas es Oktatas Ellatasi Kozpont Szolgaltato Uzeme.

Obraytsov NS, 1967. Tijdschrift v. Entomologie, 110:25.

Orr DB, Such CPC, 2000. Parasitoids and predators. In: Rechcigl JE, Rechcigl NA, eds. Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests. Boca Raton, USA: Lewis Publishers, 3-34.

Sandru ID, 1967. Cercetari asupra biologici, ecologici si combaterii moliei cinepii-Grapholitha delineana Walker (Lepidoptera-Tortricidae). Analele Institutului de Ceretari pentru Protectia Plantelor, 4:303-311.

Sandru ID, 1972. Rezultate privind biologia si combaterea moliei cinepei (Grapholitha delineana Walker-Lepidoptera-Tortricidae). Probleme Agricole, 24(4):40-49.

Sandru ID, 1973. Rezultatz obtinute in combaterea moliei cinepii (Grapholitha delineana Walker) prin tratamente cu insecticidul Basudin. Analele Institutului de Ceretari pentru Cereale si Plante Tehnice, Fundulea, 41:601-616.

Sankaran T, Ramachandran Nair K, 1973. Survey for natural enemies of Cannabis sativa and Papaver somniferum. Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, India station, 48-49.

Scheibelreiter GK, 1976. Investigations on the fauna of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, European station, 34-35.

Smith GE, Haney A, 1973. Grapholitha tristrigana (Lepidoptera:Torttricidae) on naturalized hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in east-central Illinois. Transactions Illinois State Academy Science, 66:38-41.

Smith SM, 1996. Biological control with Trichogramma. Annual Review of Entomology, 41:375-406.

Sßringer G, Nagy B, 1971. The effect of photoperiod and temperature on the diapause of the hemp moth (Grapholita sinana Feld.) and its relevance to the integrated control. Proceedings, 13th International Congress of Entomology, Moscow, 1968, 1:435-436.

Swatschek B, 1958. Die Larvalsystematik der Wickler (Tortricidae und Carposinidae). Abhandl. z. Larvalsystematik das Insekten. 3:1-269. Berlin, Germany: Akademie Verlag Berlin.

Tsao C, 1963. Quarantine aspects of the hemp moth. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 2:371-377.

Turner CE, Elsohly MA, Boeren EG, 1980. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A review of the natural constituents. Journal of Natural Products, 43:169-234.

Walker F, 1863. Grapholita delineana. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum, XXVIII:389.

Walsingham L, 1900. Asiatic Tortricidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 7:121-467.

Wang TK, Rong WG, 1992. A study on the moth (Grapholitha delineana Wal.) of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). China’s Fiber Crops, 1996(2):26-29, 35.

Distribution References

Bako L, Nitri I, 1977. (Pokusy s ochranou proti obalovaci konopnTmu (Grapholitha sinana Feld)). In: Len a Konopf, 15 13-31.

Baloch GM, Mushtaque M, Ghani MA, 1974. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. In: Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Pakistan station, Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC. 56-57.

Baloch GM, Mushtaque M, Ghani MA, 1975. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. In: Annual report, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Pakistan station, Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC. 59.

Byun BK, Bae YS, Park KT, 1998. Illustrated Catalogue of Tortricidae. In: Center for Insect Systematics, Seoul, Korea: Junghaeng-Sa Publishing.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Camprag D, Jovanic M, Sekulic R, 1996. (Stetocine konoplje i integralne mere suzbijanja). In: Zbornik Radova, 26/27 55-68.

Danilevski AC, Kuznetsov VI, 1968. Leafroller family Tortricidae, fruit moth tribe Laspeyresiini. In: Fauna USSR, Lepidopterous Insects, 5 (1) 261-263.

Haney A, Kutscheid BB, 1975. An ecological study of naturalized hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in east-central Illinois. In: American Midland Naturalist, 93 1-24.

Hartowicz LE, Knutson H, Paulsen A et al, 1971. Possible biocontrol of wild hemp. [North Central Weed Control Conference, Proceedings], 26 69.

Issiki S, 1957. Eucosmidae, Tortricidae. In: Icones Heterocerorum Japonicorum in Coloribus Naturalibus, [ed. by Esaki T et al]. Osaka, Japan: Hoikusya Press. 54.

Kryachko Z, Ignatenko M, Markin A, Zaets V, 1965. Notes on the hemp tortrix. In: Zashchita Rastenii Vredit. Bolez, 5 51-54.

Lekic M, Mihajlovic L, 1971. (Grapholitha sinana Felder (Tortricidae, Lepidoptera) opasna stetocina konoplje na podrucju Vojvodine). In: Savremena Poljoprivreda, 19 (3) 63-68.

Manolache C, Sandru I, Romascu E, 1966. (Un nou daunator al culturilor de cinepa-molia cinepii (Grapholitha delineana Walk.-Lepidoptera-Tortricidae)). In: Probleme Agricole, 1966 (6) 68-72.

Mushtaque M, Baloch GM, Ghani MA, 1973. Natural enemies of Papaver spp. and Cannabis sativa. In: Annual report, Rawalpindi, Pakistan: CIBC. Pakistan station. 54-55.

Nagy B, 1980. Interspecific sex-pheromone and sexual behaviour of the hemp moth, Grapholitha delineana Walk. In: Abstract, Conference on New Endeavours in Plant Protection, Budapest, Budapest, Hungary: MEM Kutatas es Oktatas Ellatasi Kozpont Szolgaltato Uzeme.

Sandru ID, 1967. (Cercetari asupra biologici, ecologici si combaterii moliei cinepii-Grapholitha delineana Walker (Lepidoptera-Tortricidae)). In: Analele Institutului de Ceretari pentru Protectia Plantelor, 4 303-311.

Smith GE, Haney A, 1973. Grapholitha tristrigana (Lepidoptera:Torttricidae) on naturalized hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in east-central Illinois. In: Transactions Illinois State Academy Science, 66 38-41.

Wang TK, Rong WG, 1992. A study on the moth (Grapholitha delineana Wal.) of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). In: China’s Fiber Crops, 1996 (2) 26-29.

Datasheet Type(s): Pest, Exclude from ISC ]]>