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Indica vs Sativa: What Is the Difference?

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There exist over a thousand strains of marijuana that have been developed over the past few decades. The primary foundation species are Sativa and Indica; all the other strains are offshoots of the two. It is accurate to conclude that although many strains of weed exist, they all be categorized as Sativa strains, Indica strains, or as hybrids. Sativa and Indica strains have some differences, and the knowledge of these differences should be of interest to anyone who seeks to understand marijuana. The efficacy of a marijuana product may be determined by the strain from which it is extracted.

Origin of Strains

Carolus Linnaeus, the Swedish botanist, identified Cannabis Sativa in 1753. A few decades later, in 1785, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who was a French biologist, identified Cannabis Indica as a separate species. Cannabis Sativa grows in places where there is much sunshine.

These places also have hot and dry conditions that are necessary for Sativa to flourish. Locations with these climatic conditions where Sativa grows include Africa, South East, and Western Asia, and Central America.

Indica, on the other hand, is adapted for dry, harsh weather. The places where it grows under these conditions include Afghanistan, Turkey, Pakistan, and India. Both strains have been exported to other parts of the world, but the places mentioned above are their origin.

The Sativa plant is much taller when compared to indica. It grows up to twelve feet, and it is thin, unlike indica, which is stocky. A look at indica vs. Sativa leaves shows that Sativa’s leaves are thin and fingerlike, and the plant takes longer to grow when compared to indica.

Concerning cannabinoids, Sativa has a higher concentration of THC than CBD. Seeing that THC has psychoactive properties, the use of cannabis Sativa affects the brain more than it affects the body . Thus it is said to cause a mind high. It reduces anxiety, and it may increase a user’s focus, productivity, and creativity.

Some of the most popular strains of Sativa include Durban Poison, Acapulco Gold, and Panama Red.

The difference between indica vs. Sativa high is that indica affects the body, while Sativa affects the mind.

What Determines Sativa or Indica?

Whether a cannabis plant is Sativa or Indica is determined by terpenes. Terpenes are organic compounds that plants, especially conifers, produce. The presence of terpenes is usually indicated by strong odors that protect plants from herbivores.

There are many different types of terpenes, but myrcene is the most widely occurring terpene in cannabis. If a cannabis plant has myrcene content of above 0.5 percent, it automatically falls under the indica category.

If, on the other hand, the Myrcene content is under 0.5 percent, then the plant falls under the Sativa. Terpenes work together with cannabinoids to produce the so-called entourage effect to help the patient manage whatever condition for which they need marijuana.

Effects: Sativa high vs. indica high

Sativa has more THC, and it is, therefore, psychoactive. Its effect is mostly felt in the brain, and that’s why in an Indica vs. Sativa anxiety treatment contest, Sativa wins. Sativa is also preferred as a treatment for chronic pain. Sativa may also be used by a person who is seeking to increase their focus and creativity. Owing to its effect on the brain, as indicated above, Sativa is best used during the day.

Indica, on the other hand, is known to affect the body more on account of having more CBD than THC. It causes the user to relax, and it is preferred by people who find it difficult to sleep as a result of tension in the body. Its effects include mental relaxation; it decreases pain and causes muscles to relax. Indica also helps to increase the user’s appetite.

It is not advisable to use indica when working in a dangerous environment, such as operating a machine. Relaxed muscles usually increase the user’s reaction time, making it difficult for them to manage emergencies effectively. Bearing this in mind, Cannabis Indica should be used at night when little physical activity is expected.

While these traditional positions on the effects of each strain are still valid , a lot more information is coming to light on how marijuana affects its user. It is now clear that it is not only THC and CBD levels that determine the effects of cannabis on a person, and Sativa vs. Indica difference is no longer as clear cut as it was initially thought.

Terpenes and other cannabinoids contribute to the effect through the so-called entourage effect. It is due to these other components and their impact that Indica or Sativa from one place may have a different impact on a person when compared to indica or Sativa from a different location.

A better understanding of the entourage effect as researchers are pursuing it will help narrow down how these strains affect their user and why they affect them in such a manner. Further information on this can be found on the Indica vs. Sativa Reddit page . Their Sativa vs. Indica chart is attached below.

Sativa and Indica strains have some differences, and the knowledge of these differences should be of interest to anyone who seeks to understand marijuana.

When you can’t choose between Indica sativa, or hybrid

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