How to Grow a Jade Plant from Seeds
Jade plant, also known as a friendship tree, money plant or lucky tree, is a succulent plant that is closely related to cacti. This quality makes it one of the most preferred house/garden plants among garden enthusiasts.
In a natural environment, jade plants propagate by dropping their stems or a leaf on the ground, which later grows roots and develops into a plant. Thus, the easiest method is to plant a cut off stem or leaf and let it develop into a plant. Jade plants also produce seed-bearing fruits, which gives us an alternate method for growing jade plants. The method for growing jade plants from seeds is as follows:
Jades are very closely related to cacti. Hence, a similar kind of environment can be provided for germinating jade plant seeds. Before you buy the seeds, make sure they are of desired type and proceed as follows:
Step 1 – Preparing the Seed Bed
Mix washed sand, perlite and cactus compost in equal proportions. Spread this mixture evenly in seed pans or in 10cm plastic pots. Do not forget to make adequate drainage holes in these pots, as excess water can damage the seeds permanently. Pat the filled containers gently to remove any remaining air pockets in the soil.
Step 2 – Planting Large and Small Seeds
Some varieties of jade plants have large seeds, hence, just place them on top of the soil mixture. If they are small, mix them with a little bit of mixture and spread it evenly on the surface. Invariably, a spacing of 1 inch will be ideal between the seeds. Using sand, perlite and vermiculite, prepare a mixture that has all the three ingredients in equal proportion. If the seeds are large, create a 1 inch layer of this mixture above the seeds. If the seeds are smaller, a thickness of 0.5 inches will be sufficient. Gently tap the layer with your hands to smooth out the surface.
Step 3 – Watering before Germination
Place the container in a water-filled shallow pan and let the soil absorb the water. Remember, we have already made lot of drainage holes in the containers, which enables the water to rise upwards through them.
Step 4 – Watering after Germination
As soon the mixture becomes moist, remove it from the water pan and place the seed pan in full sunlight. Until the seeds germinate fully, you need to maintain high level of humidity near the seeds. Therefore, place the pot in a glass container, propagator, or a transparent plastic bag. You can spray water (once a day) on the surface of the plant to maintain the moisture. However, under any circumstances, do not water the seeds.
Seeds should germinate within a week, and then they can be transplanted to their respective containers or garden beds. Once the seeds germinate, they can be planted in any type of soil, provided the soil does not retain moisture. Always allow the soil to become bone dry between two watering cycles. Prune the plant regularly to give it a desired shape.
Jade plant, also known as a friendship tree, money plant or lucky tree, is a succulent plant that is closely related to cacti.
How to Grow Jade From Seed
The jade plant (Crassula ovata) is a perennial evergreen shrub with brown branching stems that give it the appearance of a small tree. Jade plants are succulents with rounded green leaves that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 12, depending on the cultivar. Grown as a houseplant, jade rarely flowers, but planted in the ground, jade might blossom with pink flowers in the spring. When growing the plants from seed, sow the seed in the spring or summer.
Sow seeds in a 4-inch pot with drainage holes. Fill the pot with a soil mixture formulated for cactus and succulents and place one to three seeds spaced about 1 inch apart in the center of the pot. For outdoor plants, you sow seeds directly in the planting area. Choose a full-sun location with well-draining soil. Jade plants tolerate many soils but do best in a sandy loam. Space seeds at least 2 feet apart. You may place more than one seed in each location to increase the chances of germination. Do not cover the seeds.
Water the seeds at least 1-inch per week to keep the soil moist. Seeds sown in pots should be placed in bright, indirect light in a room with a temperature around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. To help keep the soil moist, cover the pot with a clear plastic bag that has a few holes poked in it for air circulation.
Plant or repot seedlings when they have about three leaves. Gently remove the seedling from the starter pot, taking care not to dislodge the leaves. For jade sown outdoors, thin to one plant per location if you used more than one seed in each spot.
Dig a small hole just large enough for the plant roots. Choose a planting location that gets full sun and has well-draining soil. Place the roots in the hole and cover them with soil. Space multiple plants at least 2 feet apart.
Water the jade plants when the soil dries out. Prevent root or stem rot in winter by watering about only once every three weeks. Avoid getting the leaves or stems wet when watering.
Fertilize every two months using a general-purpose fertilizer during periods of active growth. For example, mix 1/2 teaspoon of liquid fertilizer with 2 quarts of water and pour into the soil around the plant root zone.
In the spring beginning when the jade begins to develop multiple branches, you can prune to shape the shrub, keep the plant more compact and encourage growth of the main stem to help support the heavy leaves and branches. Choose a few branches to remove, and cut the branch back to a lateral branch. Some branches will snap off easily and will not need to be cut.
Watch for insect activity in the spring and summer. Look for holes left by aphids and mites that have snacked on your plant. You might see these pests as small moving specks on the undersides of leaves. You may also find flat, gray mealybugs on leaves or stems. Spray the plant with water to dislodge pests, and repeat spraying weekly as necessary.
How to Grow Jade From Seed. The jade plant (Crassula ovata) is a perennial evergreen shrub with brown branching stems that give it the appearance of a small tree. Jade plants are succulents with rounded green leaves that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 12, depending on the …