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Seed To Seed 2nd Edition

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Seed to Seed is a complete seed-saving guide that describes specific techniques for saving the seeds of 160 different vegetables. This book contains detailed information about each vegetable, including its botanical classification, flower structure and means of pollination, required population size, isolation distance, techniques for caging or hand-pollination, and also the proper methods for harvesting, drying, cleaning, and storing the seeds.

This newly updated and greatly expanded Second Edition includes additional information about how to start each vegetable from seed, which has turned the book into a complete growing guide. Local knowledge about seed starting techniques for each vegetable has been shared by expert gardeners from seven regions of the United States-Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast/Gulf Coast, Midwest, Southwest, Central West Coast, and Northwest.

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Learn how to save seed from the pros at Seed Savers Exchange in one of the first books published on seed saving for the home gardener. Learn tips and on how to save tomato seed and 160 other crop types. This book contains detailed information about each vegetable, including its botanical classification, flower structure and means of pollination, required population size, isolation distance, techniques for caging or hand-pollination, and also the proper methods for harvesting, drying, cleaning, and storing the seeds. Seed to Seed is written by Susanne Ashworth.

Database: Seeding

Introduction

Laravel includes the ability to seed your database with test data using seed classes. All seed classes are stored in the database/seeders directory. By default, a DatabaseSeeder class is defined for you. From this class, you may use the call method to run other seed classes, allowing you to control the seeding order.

Writing Seeders

To generate a seeder, execute the make:seeder Artisan command. All seeders generated by the framework will be placed in the database/seeders directory:

A seeder class only contains one method by default: run . This method is called when the db:seed Artisan command is executed. Within the run method, you may insert data into your database however you wish. You may use the query builder to manually insert data or you may use Eloquent model factories.

As an example, let’s modify the default DatabaseSeeder class and add a database insert statement to the run method:

You may type-hint any dependencies you need within the run method’s signature. They will automatically be resolved via the Laravel service container.

Using Model Factories

Of course, manually specifying the attributes for each model seed is cumbersome. Instead, you can use model factories to conveniently generate large amounts of database records. First, review the model factory documentation to learn how to define your factories.

For example, let’s create 50 users that each have one related post:

Calling Additional Seeders

Within the DatabaseSeeder class, you may use the call method to execute additional seed classes. Using the call method allows you to break up your database seeding into multiple files so that no single seeder class becomes too large. The call method accepts an array of seeder classes that should be executed:

Running Seeders

You may execute the db:seed Artisan command to seed your database. By default, the db:seed command runs the Database\Seeders\DatabaseSeeder class, which may in turn invoke other seed classes. However, you may use the –class option to specify a specific seeder class to run individually:

You may also seed your database using the migrate:fresh command in combination with the –seed option, which will drop all tables and re-run all of your migrations. This command is useful for completely re-building your database:

Forcing Seeders To Run In Production

Some seeding operations may cause you to alter or lose data. In order to protect you from running seeding commands against your production database, you will be prompted for confirmation before the seeders are executed in the production environment. To force the seeders to run without a prompt, use the –force flag:

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  • Release Notes
  • Getting Started
  • Routing
  • Blade Templates
  • Authentication
  • Authorization
  • Artisan Console
  • Database
  • Eloquent ORM
  • Testing
  • Laracasts
  • Laravel News
  • Laracon
  • Laracon EU
  • Laracon AU
  • Jobs
  • Certification
  • Forums
  • Vehikl
  • Tighten
  • Kirschbaum
  • Byte 5
  • 64 Robots
  • Cubet
  • DevSquad
  • Ideil
  • Cyber-Duck
  • ABOUT YOU
  • A2 Design
  • Romega Software
  • Jump24
  • Become A Partner
  • Vapor
  • Forge
  • Envoyer
  • Horizon
  • Lumen
  • Nova
  • Echo
  • Valet
  • Mix
  • Spark
  • Cashier
  • Homestead
  • Dusk
  • Passport
  • Scout
  • Socialite
  • Telescope

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Database: Seeding Introduction Laravel includes the ability to seed your database with test data using seed classes. All seed classes are stored in the database/seeders directory. By default,